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book report on gangs Published: January 29, 1967. n 1965 the Attorney General of the State of California distributed a report on the Hell's Angels Motorcycle Club to law enforcement agencies throughout the state, urging that all measures be taken to contain the menace of this elite outlaw organization. Essays! According to the Lynch report, the 450 members of the man epistle club had a record of 874 felony arrests, 300 felony convictions, more than 1,000 misdemeanor convictions. What Essays! The report held that there would have been an even more extensive record, but for the Angels' practice of intimidating witnesses. The criminal actions listed by the Lynch report ranged from the terrorization of rural communities to the theft of mba scholarship essays tips motorcycle parts. What! Included were detailed charges of synthesis media attempted murder, assault and battery, malicious destruction of property, narcotics violations and sexual aberrations. What Are Descriptive Essays! Investigating officers further reported that both club members and female associates seem badly in need of a bath. Synthesis Essay Media! It was a picture of alarming menace.
Depraved hoodlums--unmanageable, incorrigible, vindictive and organized--roamed the California highways in stripped down Harley-Davidson motorcycles. They were dressed like pirates, with full beards, a ring in one ear, shoulder-length hair, an what essays embroidered winged skull on the backs of their sleeveless denim jackets, Iron Crosses on what are descriptive essays, their chests, swastikas on their helmets. These weren't the teen-agers of the usual urban gang, but adults, ranging in age from the are descriptive essays early 20's to the mid-40's. They could strike anywhere in the state, and they didn't fear the police. The underground in which they were lords seemed dark, rancid, impenetrable.
Hunter Thompson entered this terra incognita to become its cartographer. For almost a year, he accompanied the social Hell's Angels on their rallies. He drank at their bars, exchanged home visits, recorded their brutalities, viewed their sexual caprices, became converted to their motorcycle mystique, and was so intrigued, as he puts it, that I was no longer sure whether I was doing research on the Hell's Angels or being slowly absorbed by them. At the conclusion of essays his year's tenure the ambiguity of his position was ended when a group of stress Angels knocked him to the ground and stomped him. Without denying that the Angels are violent, unpredictable and dangerous, Thompson regards the Lynch report as vastly exaggerating their menace and misrepresenting their life in crime.
There was a certain pleasure, he writes, in sharing the Angels' amusement at the stir they created. According to Thompson, the membership is in the neighborhood of 100, not 450 as the report claimed. The failure to get convictions had less to do with the intimidation of what witnesses than with the statement baselessness of the complaints. What Essays! Police harassment was responsible for the large number of misdemeanor convictions. Thompson, noting the relatively insignificant part the Angels play in included, California crime statistics, is amused at the disproportionate publicity they have secured. What Are Descriptive! He argues that publicity saved the club from extinction. Prior to the Lynch report, club fortunes were on thesis, the wane. The Lynch report called the Angels to the attention of national media and with the publicity breakthrough they again flourished. Thompson, in are descriptive, a tone of exuberant irony reminiscent of thesis Mencken, comments, In a nation of are descriptive frightened dullards there is a shortage of outlaws.
The underworld Thompson reveals to us is a more familiar terrain than the shadowy nightmare world of the Lynch report. He doesn't find an effective criminal conspiracy, nor does he see an organization ground in Nazi ideology. He draws a picture of desperate men, without status and-- despite their motorcycles--without mobility. He traces their origins to the Okies and Arkies and hillbillies who migrated to California during the Depression. Are Descriptive Essays! He finds the literary prototype of their ancestor in the protagonist of Nelson Algren's A Walk on are descriptive, the Wild Side, Dove Linkhorn. Most Angels are uneducated. Only one Angel in 10 has steady work; Motorcycle outlaws are not much in demand on the labor market. The world demands skills they have no chance of acquiring; They are out of the ball game and they know it. They have no future; In a world increasingly geared to specialists, technicians, and fantastically complicated machinery, the Hell's Angels are obvious losers, and essay social it bugs them.
They survive in various ways. According to Thompson, a few have steady work, some pander, some steal, some live off their ladies. Some are married and faithful to their wives. Others have a predilection for gang love. What they share is a guiding concern to be righteous Angels and a love for motorcycles. An Angel is quoted as saying, We don't lie to each other. Of course that don't go for what are descriptive, outsiders because we have to fight fire with fire. Thompson describes the ways of supporting attitude of a Hell's Angel to outsiders as follows: To him they are all the same--the running dogs of whatever fiendish conspiracy has plagued him all these years. He knows that somewhere behind the moat, the Main Cop has scrawled his name on a blackboard in the Big Briefing Room with a notation beside it: 'Get this boy, give him no peace, he's incorrigible, like an egg-sucking dog.' Mounted on his bike, he assumes a dignity he often lacks on foot. What Are Descriptive! The high-speed trip described by Thompson is akin to mba scholarship tips, the psychedelic trip made on LSD.
The Angel has small chance of assuming the role of hero save in a fantasy trip. Most Angels. . . are well enough grounded in the eternal verities to know that very few of the toads in this world are Charming Princes in disguise. The others are simply toads, and no matter how many magic maidens they kiss or rape, they are going to what essays, stay that way. Vindictive at being toads, they invert the ethic of Prince Charming. The initiation ceremony of an Angel centers on the defiling of what his new uniform and are descriptive essays emblem. A bucket of dung and urine will be collected during the meeting, then poured on the newcomer's head in essay social media, a solemn baptismal. They never wash their soiled colors. They mock the courtly love of Prince Charming with gang love. Instead of the are descriptive essays gentlemanly duel they subscribe to the principle of All on One. They don't seek justice in dispensing punishment.
Rather, the response is on a man epistle 1, always one of total retaliation. If a man gets wise, mash his face. If a woman snubs you, rape her. What Essays! This is the mba scholarship thinking, if not the reality, behind the whole Angel's act. The Angel rejects precautions, whether riding a motorcycle or entering a brawl. They inhabit a world in what, which violence is as common as spilled beer. The Angel has been injured so often that he is indifferent to pain. This casual acceptance of what are descriptive bloodletting is a key to the terror they inspire in what are descriptive essays, the squares. . . . An Essay On A 1! It is a simple matter of having been hit or stomped often enough to forget the ugly panic that nice people associate with a serious fight. The reality behind the Angel's whole act is that most of the damage is inflicted on themselves. Essays! An average of four die violently each year.
The easy acceptance of violence lends to Thompson's account a cartoon quality. We observe Angels brutalizing themselves and others and somehow we expect them to recover as quickly as the cartoon cat and mouse. It's not that Thompson doesn't give us a vivid picture of brawls and tips orgies. His language is brilliant, his eye is remarkable, and his point of view is reminiscent of Huck Finn's. He'll look at anything; he won't compromise his integrity. Somehow his exuberance and innocence are unaffected by are descriptive essays, what he sees. Dirty Ed is laid flat by a two-foot lead pipe, but he gets up and drives away on his motorcycle. Terry the man epistle Tramp is are descriptive essays, stomped by the Diablos, a rival gang, but he still manages to make the Labor Day run.
We see a mass assault on a compliant lady during a party; the dancing continues. A 7- foot Negro invades the Angel clubroom. He is overwhelmed, cast down, kicked in the face and belly, dumped in the parking lot. He gets up and walks to the ambulance. During Thompson's last interview with a group of Angels, he is thesis stress, suddenly struck from behind, then from are descriptive essays all sides. Included Thesis! He is knocked down and stomped. What Are Descriptive! He is almost done in by a vicious swine trying to get at me with the stone held in a two-handed Godzilla grip. He gets to a hospital unaided. On A 1! Because the Hell's Angels have lacked a focus for their hostility, their violence has been undirected.
However, those who observe the trappings--the swastikas and Iron Crosses--have wondered if there might not be in them the raw material out of which Brown Shirts are made. This suspicion seemed confirmed when, in the fall of 1965, a group of Hell's Angels attacked an anti-war rally at the Oakland-Berkeley boundary, an are descriptive assault which put them into direct conflict with the radical left in neighboring Berkeley. 1! The attack was an what essays awful shock to those who had seen the Hell's Angels as pioneers of the human spirit, but to anyone who knew them it was entirely logical. The Angels' collective viewpoint has always been fascistic. They insist and seem to on a, believe that their swastika fetish is no more than an anti-social joke, a guaranteed gimmick to bug the squares, the taxpayers--all those they spitefully refer to as 'citizens.' . . . What Are Descriptive! If they wanted to be artful about bugging the squares they would drop the swastika and decorate their bikes with the hammer and sickle. That would really raise hell on the freeways. . . Thesis Statement! hundreds of Communist thugs roaming the countryside on big motorcycles, looking for trouble. However, the threat to disrupt all future anti-war demonstrations didn't materialize. A visit from poet Allen Ginsberg and novelist Ken Kesey served to pacify the Angels and there has been no recent sign of political direction. Hunter Thompson has presented us with a close view of a world most of us would never dare encounter, yet one with which we should be familiar. He has brought on stage men who have lost all options and are not reconciled to the loss. They have great resources for violence which doesn't as yet have any effective focus.
Thompson suggests that these few Angels are but the vanguard of a growing army of disappropriated, disaffiliated and desperate men. There's always the risk that somehow they may force the wrong options into being.
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How to what are descriptive essays Prepare for a Career in synthesis essay Biostatistics. Katherine L. Monti is Principal Statistical Scientist at Rho, Inc. Considering a career in biostatistics? If you like math and what are descriptive biology and want to make a difference in the world, this is an essay man epistle a good plan. Biostatistics is a rewarding career, with a lot of opportunity—and the compensation is good, too.
How does one prepare for what, a career in biostatistics? There is no one “right path” to becoming a biostatistician, just as there is ways of supporting no one career path in biostatistics. Nonetheless, here are some general suggestions that should help someone considering a degree in what essays biostatistics, whether starting such considerations in high school, college, or later on. High School: If you are thinking about biostatistics as a career and you are still in included thesis statement high school, excellent! Take as much math as you can and do your science homework. If you have the opportunity to take a technical writing class, go for it. Learn some programming along the way if you can.
Check the what are descriptive essays web for undergraduate degrees in biostatistics to see if any of those programs appeal to included statement you, and see what the requirements are. If biostatistics was not on what are descriptive essays, your horizon in your teens, no worries—you have plenty of time. Undergraduate School: If you plan on ways of supporting, a degree in biostatistics, do you need to major in are descriptive biostatistics as an undergraduate? Not at all. Synthesis! In fact, most of are descriptive essays, us did not. You do not even have to be an undergraduate math major, although most graduate schools will require a strong math background.
So plan on three semesters of calculus, a semester of linear algebra, and introductory probability and/or statistics as a minimum, with real analysis and advanced calculus required for some programs. What other types of courses should you take as an synthesis media undergraduate? Many graduate programs in biostatistics recommend biology, epidemiology, ecology, or other science courses. I personally wish I had taken college chemistry; it would have helped me in every job I have held since graduate school. If you have not yet done so, it would be useful to learn a programming language or statistical package. What! I had one colleague who swore a course in logic was an an essay on a 1 invaluable aid to him, but I imagine few statisticians have taken logic in college. Biostatistics is the science of are descriptive, obtaining, analyzing, and interpreting data using statistical theory and methods to address problems in the biological and health sciences.
Unlike departments of statistics, which are generally found in a university’s college of stress essay, arts and sciences, departments of biostatistics are found in a university’s school of public health or school of medicine. By all means, work on your communication skills, written and are descriptive oral. I had no idea how much writing a math-major-turned-biostatistician would need to do on the job. Learn to write. Also, work on 1, your spoken English in several ways: grammar, “understandability,” and formal oral presentation skills. Poor grammar is detracting in professional situations, so clean up the verb tenses and pronoun cases. However, even if your grammar is perfect, you have to be understood. I know several people who have benefited greatly from a bit of speech training or an what accent neutralization course, depending on essays, their particular situation. Finally, take opportunities to are descriptive make oral presentations to groups small and large, because chances are you will have presentations to social make in the future. Remember, practice makes perfect. My final piece of undergraduate advice to those who are math majors: Give your inner nerd a rest.
Take literature, art, music, science, history, philosophy, psychology, or whatever interests you to round out essays, your education. If you are going to spend the rest of your professional life applying math to ways of supporting thesis the biological and medical sciences, use the time in college to add balance to what your life. My senior advisor wisely suggested I refuse the math department’s offer to join the honors program because that program required I take extra hours in math. If I was going to an essay man epistle 1 graduate school in biostatistics, he advised, I needed to broaden my college experience more than I needed to graduate with honors. I took pottery instead. Degrees: While there are exceptions, most of us who call ourselves “biostatisticians” have a degree from a statistics or biostatistics department, but what degree should you seek—a bachelor’s, master’s, or doctorate?
Degrees do matter because they are like union cards: They open doors of opportunity. If your aim is to what develop new theoretical statistical methods, then you would be well served obtaining a theory-based doctorate from a theoretically inclined statistics or biostatistics department. If your aim is to teach in thesis a biostatistics department, then again, you will need a doctoral degree. However, if you prefer to what work in government, industry, or an academic or nonacademic clinical trial research environment, then a doctorate is an option, but not a requirement. And if your goal is to become a proficient SAS programmer in clinical trials, then a master’s degree or even a bachelor’s degree in biostatistics will serve you well. With just a bachelor’s degree, you can obtain a position that allows you to confirm your interest in biostatistics before launching into a graduate program. At the same time, you will be gaining valuable experience that will enrich your graduate education and essays post-graduate opportunities.
A simple algorithm regarding degrees is that the are descriptive more demanding the ways degree, the greater the range of opportunities and, in general, the higher the salary that you can command. View this Amstat News article for what, an idea of the 2009 salaries broken down by essays, degree, years of experience, and what essays type of essay, job. While there is a considerable salary bump associated with the degree, a doctoral degree takes a lot of what are descriptive, resources (your time and tuition money, if it is not available from other funding sources) and perseverance. Ways! If you cannot afford the time nor tolerate the what effort of obtaining a PhD—or if “doing school” is not your thing—fear not. Mba Scholarship! A good career is available to those with a master’s degree. Jobs: What do you want to do? Chances are you do not know what career is best, and even if you think you know, your plans may change with time and circumstances.
I graduated with my PhD thinking I would teach biostatistics forever. That never happened. I ended up teaching elementary math and statistics in a mathematics department for three years before moving into industry (Ralston Purina), medical devices (Ciba Corning Diagnostics Corporation), the pharmaceutical industry (Astra), and consulting to the pharmaceutical industry (Rho, Inc.) While this career path was not my plan, it has worked well for me. Are Descriptive! Because a biostatistician is so employable, I was able to what essays move where my husband moved and maintain my career in biostatistics. Gain Insight into the Profession: The more you learn about the profession, the better you will be able to prepare yourself. To consider what a career in statistics might encompass, check out the following websites: You also can find sites by searching “prospective student” and what are descriptive “biostatistics.” There are summer programs in statistics at some universities and some corporate internships available (see the ways thesis ASA’s internship listings or search the web for “biostatistics” and are descriptive “intern”). Also, visit the American Statistical Association’s website to see whether there is a local chapter near you and what activities it sponsors. Finally: Good luck on of supporting thesis, your adventure in biostatistics! Since the publication of this article, I have received many questions that can be better answered by those who are up-to-date on the specific programs. What Are Descriptive Essays! If you are interested in graduate school then I suggest this:
1) Use the web to research biostats programs, and pick out a few that seem most suitable to you. 2) Call that department and tell the person who answers the essay phone what the nature of your question is, and ask to speak with an appropriate person. Perhaps this will be someone on the admissions committee, perhaps someone who helps graduates find positions. Are Descriptive! They may have some close-to-graduating current students or recent graduates who would be willing to thesis return your call. 3) Speak with that person, or various people, about your concern(s), whatever they may be. (What is needed for admissions to essays this program?
Are your graduates able to find jobs upon graduation? Where do end up working?) 4) Also ask them to describe the difference between their program and other programs: what makes this program different than the synthesis media program at what are descriptive, school X or in thesis stress department Y. The responses that you receive will undoubtedly be biased so be alert to self-promotion and essays biased wording, but you will also learn a lot about the essays differences in what essays the programs (eg, that program is more [less] theoretical and less [more] applied). 5) If the description of the tips program seems to be one that you are not interested in, describe your interests and ask them for suggestions for what, other programs. (It is ok to say, for essays tips, example, “Thank you so much for informative comments. What! Based on my background and ways of supporting thesis interests and on what are descriptive essays, the description of your department, I think I might be suited for a program that is essay social more (characteristic here). Do you happen to what are descriptive know which programs might better suit my situation?” I suspect that they will give you some suggestions. Then go to step 2 above and start over! thank you very much for the article. It is really very useful, and thesis stress actually, I would like to ask for some advice.
I have finished my PhD in biochemistry and I becoming very interested in biostatistics and its relation to the pharma industry. I would like to know your opinion about the best way of me getting into the biostatistics field. Is that by what are descriptive essays, a masters? is thesis a diploma useful? should I take math classes to prepare? The second question is, will my PhD in biochemistry be considered in what the course of thesis, my work? or, since it is not in are descriptive essays statistics, noone will care about it? Thank you very much for your attention and essay your time. Any advice is are descriptive essays greatly appreciated.
Thanks so much for the article. I need your advice as far as my academic path. I have a bachelor degree in Economics and I am interested in Biostatistcs program. I just started to ways thesis take some classes in UCF, major statistics and I am done with all Calc/Chem/Bio classes. Do you think its better to what go ahead and thesis apply for biostatistcs program in USF or should I continue till I finish my bachelor in statistcs. I am also like you finishing my PhD in molecular biology and thinking of doing a Masters in Biostatistics and are descriptive essays wondering the same thing whether my PhD degree will be of any value down road.
Will you please let me know whether you have got good information regarding that and what have you done for thesis essay, your case. I’m glad that you found the article useful. Taking your questions in reverse order, no, your biochem background will not have gone “all to waste.” In fact, you might well be able to merge biochem and stats very nicely. Personally, I which I had a stronger chemistry background…it would have served me well. Are Descriptive Essays! I strongly suspect the synthesis media biochem+stats combo would be very attractive. My guess is that a masters degree in biostatistics would be good step for you. Not all masters degrees are created equal, however–some are much stronger than others. Are Descriptive! Having been out of an essay on a 1, academia for ages, I can’t advise you on what, them all, but my recommendation would generally be to get a relatively strong masters but not in stress essay a program that is not focused on preparing you for a theoretical PhD. I would suspect that you may need more math background, but check various schools for their requirements–you may have enough. Google is a wonderful tool for finding schools–use it to find various programs, then read their info and view their on-line videos (when available) for what essays, prospective students. Synthesis Social! You can find the programs, then don’t be shy about calling the departments to what discuss your level of preparedness…and to find out what jobs their graduates have.
One thing that comes to mind is synthesis that you might do very well pursuing Phase I drug development. Phase I is the pre-clinical stage–chemistry matters a lot here. (Or I suspect it does. I can’t say that I know a lot about it.) I can give you advice on how to what essays get advice: if you are a member of ASA, join the Statistical Consulting Section and/or the ways of supporting Biopharmaceutical Section, then ask the question using the online discussion group(s). (I bet Rick Peterson –email@example.com — would be able to help get you started.) I suspect that you will get a broad spectrum of advice in response. Magnificent submit, very informative. I wonder why the opposite experts of this sector do not understand this. You must continue your writing. Are Descriptive Essays! I’m sure, you have a great readers’ base already!|What’s Taking place i’m new to are descriptive essays this, I stumbled upon this I have found It positively helpful and it has helped me out what, loads.
I’m hoping to give a contribution aid different customers like its aided me. Good job. Thank you for tips, the article, I realy gain a lot and I like to ask U????? a question. I have my degree in statistics in nigeria and I will like to ave my master degree in biostatistics but I don’t know where to what are descriptive essays start because here in an essay on a man epistle nigerai their is no master in are descriptive biostatistisc.. I like you to help me out. I’m glad you enjoyed the article. As for your future education… If you would be able to travel out of the country in of supporting thesis order to obtain a degree, then I would search out the programs in whatever country or countries that would be most accessible to you. Then contact those departments directly in order to determine what the prerequisites for what, the program are, whether your current training meets the entry needs, and mba scholarship tips so on.
If you are not able to travel, that’s another matter. Essays! I don’t personally know of on-line masters degrees. I did find this link with one little google search, and you might be able to find more with a more extensive search: http://education-portal.com/articles/Online_PhD_in_Statistics_Program_Overviews.html. Good luck in your efforts! Thank you very much for the article, it is very helpful. Here I would like ask for some advice. Now I am undergraduate senior student majored in statistics and an essay economics. My friends say I have to get a PhD degree in order to get a job in the biostatistics field; actually the job market for biostatistics master is are descriptive not good in recent years (maybe because there are so many biostatistics master graduates). However personally I don’t want to mba scholarship do PhD.
I applied several biostatistics master programs, and got admission from Harvard, Yale, Columbia, John Hopkins University (they are all MS program). Could give me some advice on choosing the schools, I really want to get a job after graduate, so I think Columbia may be a good option since it is in the city of New York? Any advice is greatly appreciated. I would be willing to give you advice, but I don’t know the programs well enough to distinguish among them. You can call each one and ask them to defend why they are the best program…and see what they say. What! Amount of funding your receive may be another factor. If you are in stress essay NYC and want to essays stay, then Columbia is a good choice. Personally, I would chose NYC last as a place to ways of supporting live. Hope I’m not too late answering you–I don’t check this very often.
Good luck in your selection and your career! The above article is what excellent. Synthesis Essay Media! Thank you!! I have pursued my Master’s in what essays Chemical Engineering two years and currently working as a Manufacturing Associate at Johnson and synthesis essay social media Johnson(Pharmaceutical). I am very good in Maths and I am interested in the Pharmaceutical field and now I want change my career path to essays Bio-statistics. Is this possible?If so how long it would take? and what are the steps can you suggest me? Your answers will definitely help me. Will wait for your reply.
Thank you. A chem degree will definitely hold you in good standing–I wish I knew more chemistry! How long will it take? That depends on several things: do you want to get a Master’s degree or a PhD. Master’s could take as little as 1 year full time (but it would probably not be too strong a degree), more likely 2 years. A PhD would be more like 4-5 years. Master’s degrees come in different levels of intensity from “little math needed” to “very strong.” The stronger the program, the more you will know at mba scholarship, the end. Search websites for Biostatistics departments and look at the different programs and their requirements. You probably have the pre-requisites, but you need to check that out.
You also can compare what courses they recommend–that way you can compare programs. Don’t be afraid to what are descriptive call some departments and ask to talk to people about synthesis essay media, their programs. You can ask what the strengths are, what other programs are like there programs…basically you can figure out which are weak programs and which are stronger by are descriptive, snooping around. “Our program is the best, but x, y and z are about as good…and you want to avoid w, q, and t.” Then you call x, and see who they recommend… You can also find out where their graduates end up getting work. Any masters will help you, but a “weaker one” (like an MPH–master’s of public health) won’t help you as much as a stonger one. GOOD LUCK.
Katherine Monti. I enjoyed reading this page. There are 3 questions that I would like to ask. I am interested in obtaining a masters and PhD in biostatistics. Is it best for me to get work experience right after my masters degree and are descriptive go back later to get my PhD or is it ok to get a PhD right after my masters degree with no job experience in between the masters and are descriptive PhD? Are there many entry level biostatistician jobs? I have been looking and mba scholarship tips really don’t see any. Maybe it is because of the bad economy. Do you know where the what essays entry level jobs are?
1. You ask if it “best” to get work experience after the essays tips masters and before the are descriptive PhD? There is included statement no right answer here. First, I went straight though and wish I had had some experience in between so that I understood what I was learning better. What Are Descriptive Essays! I have, however, done pretty well anyhow. Second, if you stop to work, you might not end up going back to essays school. You might end up getting married, having a baby–it’s harder to go to school then. What Essays! Or you might just enjoy the included thesis statement lifestyle that comes with an are descriptive essays income, or just not want to face school again. Synthesis Media! So if you take a break after the master’s, you may never go back–just saying that I have seen this happen. (The reason that I wanted to what essays go straight through was that I had endured my mother’s return to school–twice: once for her MS then for her PhD. I knew that was a hard road.) Third, another way to stress essay gain experience is through internships…see the ASA page for this: http://magazine.amstat.org/blog/2011/12/01/internship12/ 2-3.
To be honest, I have not looked for are descriptive, an entry level job recently — to put it mildly — but I do understand that they are harder to come by. An internship is a WONDERFUL asset to your resume, and gives you and “in” in the company itself. Monster, career builder, etc and an essay man epistle 1 the ASA website are sources. Also, look at specific company’s “career opportunity” pages. Also, call various graduate programs and what are descriptive essays see where their students have landed jobs. If the students from thesis, that school have not ended up employed, apply elsewhere. Awesome article!! I am an undergraduate student debating between medical school and biostatistics graduate school. I was wondering how possible it is for biostatisticians in the medical or pharmaceutical industry to be promoted to an executive position?
My dream is to serve on the management board of a biotech company one day. Well that is an interesting career goal! To answer the question about executive position: Biostatisticians who are so inclined can rise to the level of VP of Biostats or something like that; most don’t go on to head biotech companies although some of them may be on management boards. And it depends on what you mean by what essays, “management board.” Do you mean “external board of directors” or “helping to run the company”? BOD–not so likely for a statistician; influence in the company–probably more likely but not as likely as an MD. That being said, the route to mba scholarship essays becoming an what are descriptive essays MD (board certified, preferably) is longer and probably more expensive.
You might research a bunch of biotech companies to see who is at essays, the top and what degrees (aka “union cards” they have.) However, in either event, it is likely that you will need to build your career credentials first–your lofty goal will not be achieved until you have achieved a distinguished career. How do you want to spend the 15-20 years building a career: being a doc or being a statistician? I am from what, India working as a lecturer in a university (in Statistics). I have been offered a fully funded PhD in biostatistics (designing clinical trials) at a US university. Social! Do you think such a PhD will help me switch over to jobs in pharma companies as a Biostatistician? And what is the scope as a lecturer specialising in biostatistics? To answer your first question: If your goal is to switch from a lecturer in what statistics (I gather with a master’s degree) to a job in a pharma company, a PhD in man epistle 1 bios would almost surely be helpful in obtaining a job, a good salary, and eventually more responsibility and authority.
As for the second question, I don’t really understand. Are Descriptive Essays! If you are switching to a pharma company, you would not be a lecturer. Can you please elaborate? Thanks, I’m applying to the masters program of biostatistics this fall. Meanwhile, I have a lot of free time, so I was wondering whether there is any specific kind of work/volunteer experience that will make my application more competitive? Thank you very much indeed for such an interesting and tips helpful article. I would be very grateful if you could give me a piece of are descriptive essays, advice. I have a Medical Degree and, as I am interested in biostatistics, I have just finished a four-year, distance learning Master Degree on the subject (focusing on tips, regression techniques and essays design). The point is that I would like to an essay on a 1 improve my knowledge as I am afraid my Master is directed towards medical specialists and doesn’t deal with some aspects in depth apart from being limited to the use of the SPSS software. As I live in Spain, during the end of what essays, my Master I have tried to get in contact with many departments of mba scholarship essays, biostatistics from different universities in Europe to essays search for another master or a PhD to improve my skills in order to make a career in biostatistics; as I have a job in Madrid my main interest is to find a distance learning option.
Surprisingly I after getting in contact with many departments I have found very little options so I have also tried in the United States where there seems to thesis be more opportunities but the main problem is are descriptive that, living in Europe, is quite difficult to attend tutorials, etc. Thesis! So, now I don’t know which is the best way to proceed: continue to what learn by myself or continue trying to find a suitable course perhaps not only distance learning. I would be very grateful if you are as kind as to take the time to give me a piece of advice, Thank you very much indeed for your help! I am not aware of included thesis statement, biostat degrees that are offered through distance learning. Essays! There may be some, but I don’t know of them. Sorry.
It depends on what are descriptive essays, where you are located. If you are located near the what are descriptive biostats program to which you have applied, ask them…they might have some good leads. Even if you don’t live near that program, they might have ideas. If you are near a large medical university or a pharma company–or near any large university or business that has applications in your area of interest–call them up. You may need to snoop around to see who is the “right” person to call, but isn’t the internet great. Also, you might not find the man epistle right person the first time. When I was looking for a job in St. Louis once, I called Ralston Purina and what are descriptive was told “nothing here” by one man (LR). Someone gave me a lead and I called another man (DM) in the same general area of the ways company. Turned out essays, that (a) things had changed in media the intervening 3 weeks so they needed more help and (b) DM was the man to ask–he was LR’s boss. What Are Descriptive! I ended up being interviewed, hired, and mba scholarship essays tips reported to are descriptive LR for many years.
Don’t be shy about calling up and stress asking if they have something and, if they don’t, if they have suggestions on where else to try. I can’t write any further before appreciating the way you have presented BioStatistics as a subject in this article. Written in a lucid language, it is equally informative and motivating. Are Descriptive Essays! I had a few curiosities if you could kindly address. I got accepted at a university for PhD in BioStatistics. I am partly elated and what are descriptive essays partly worried. It is a young department.
There is huge overlap between the faculty’s research area and my interest. Would you suggest me starting into are descriptive essays, the PhD or wait for sometime and strive to get into thesis, a top ranked school? My background involves a BS in Statistics, and an MS in math. It might be a good idea to what have a department with faculty who share your research interests…don’t really know. And of course I have no way of predicting which path will, in mba scholarship tips the long-run, work better for you–the current school or a different one. Thank you for this article!
It was a very helpful introduction to the field of Biostatistics. I am currently finishing up my 3rd year as a Biology major, and I’m very interested in this field of Biostatistics. However, (I think someone mentioned it earlier), but upon what are descriptive essays doing research, it seems like it is very difficult to find jobs for an essay man epistle, Master’s level biostatistician. From your knowledge, do you believe this to be true? Would it still be worth pursuing? I’d love to pursue a Master’s, but if there are few opportunities without a PhD, I feel like this is something important I must consider before applying. Thank you once again! I know many masters degree holders who have jobs in what essays biostatistics. I have heard that it has gotten tougher to find jobs, however. I would contact chairs or directors of admissions of different degree programs and ask what is happening in the market now.
I found your article and blog to be extremely helpful. I feel like is so nice of you to spend time out of your day to respond to everyone. It really means a lot. This summer I have really been debating what should be my next step in life. The problem is that I have always wanted to synthesis essay social media get my PhD, do research, and makes lots of money. I just received my Masters in Biostatistics this past Spring.I was accepted (full funding and stipend) into a top ranked school in Biostatistics. However, I thought it would be interesting to what are descriptive essays test my luck in getting a job.
Now I was offered a health care data analyst position making 60K in Atlanta. Would it be more beneficial to take this job and get real world experience? Or should I just take 4 more years and finish my PhD. By the on a man epistle way, my goal in life is not to teach. Are Descriptive Essays! I would like to work for a pharmaceutical company as a Senior Biostatistician. Is it possible to are descriptive essays have such a position without a PhD? Is the pay scale significantly different for Masters with experience versus PhD no experience. P.S.
I just got married and essays have a family now. My husband supports me getting my PhD but I know monetarily I would like to be more of a support. I wont be able to do that if I’m working on my PhD and what are descriptive living on a stipend. Unfortunately, I don’t want to regret this opportunity to get my PhD. Well, I certainly can’t tell you how to make your life decisions. A few comments: it is easier to are descriptive go through school without working first because you are still in essays tips the school groove (the way I did it) BUT you get more out of school if you know what you are doing when you are there (I felt that I missed a lot relative to essays my classmates who had some work experience). Which way is “right” for you? Dunno. Yes, you can be a Senior Biostatistician w/ a masters but you are likely to achieve that goal sooner with a PhD.
Again, you may end up as a director of biostat w/ a masters at a small company, but less likely so at a larger company. Yes, you earn more with a PhD. Essay! See. I am from INDIA. I am a final year student of bachelors in pharmacy.I desire to pursue a career in bio statistics.Also I don’t want to deviate from pharma profession. Can I do a phd in biostatistics after my graduation? which universities in US will be best for are descriptive, the same? Yes, you can do a PhD in biostats with a bachelors in mba scholarship essays tips pharmacy. You would have to check with each program of interest to determine whether your math background is sufficient, or if you would need to are descriptive essays take some additional coursework prior to starting the degree program. I am not in a position to evaluate US programs.
I suggest that you search the web for the larger programs, then look at their entrance criteria, and the contact them. Thesis! Find out how many students they graduate, and where those students are now working. Congratulations on a very well written piece about a career in biostatistics. I also appreciated the candid advice you gave about widening one’s outlook to essays things beyond numbers. I also have a career advice to ask from you. I am a PhD. in included statement Bioiformatics with many years experience in research both in industry and academia. I have bachelors background in biochemistry/biotechnology.
Over the period of what are descriptive essays, years of doing research, I have developed a strong liking for statistics. Now I plan to do a master’s in biostatistics. My plans for future is teach and work as a biostatistician. Thesis Statement! I have no prior degree in Math or statistics, though I have training in them through various courses. 1. You mentioned that one needs a PhD in what statistics to be able to teach at University level. Will doing master’s in Biostatistics while already having a PhD in ways thesis Bioinformatics be accepted? 2.Are there any oppurtunities for starting one’s own enterprise with a career in biostatistics? Thanks again for the wonderful article.
To be perfectly honest, I don’t know all that a PhD in Bioinformatics entails. My guess is that most PhD programs would not “count” a PhD in Bioinformatics in terms of allowing you to what essays be on their faculty, unless they needed some of the first year courses taught. Junior colleges might be a source of employment that uses both degrees also. Mostly I have no credible advice on ways of supporting thesis, that matter. For more useful advice, contact some faculty members in programs that look interesting to you. As for doing solo consulting as a statistician: yes, this can be done. It is generally recommended that you have 10-15 yrs experience before you try to venture out on what are descriptive essays, your own as a solo consultant however. And, of course, some people are quite successful at thesis statement, that venture and some are… less successful. You might have a unique niche to what essays fill with your prior experience. If you join the ASA section on included, Statistical Consulting, you will from time to time receive emails in are descriptive a chat-room sort of thesis stress, way. Sometimes the emails address issues relating to running a consulting business; other times they are specific technical issues.
In any event, it might be useful to what are descriptive join. Just so you know, there are lulls in he email exchanges, so you might not see anything for awhile, then maybe a flurry. Sorry that I don’t have solid answers for you. I have BS degree in synthesis Statistics with a 3.32 GPA. Presently I am about completing my masters program in Biostatistics here in US.I have two major issues. (1)Due to what the fact that I had to are descriptive essays work to carter for bills,I decided to go part time.I have one more course to take in Spring of 2013 amd I am done with my masters program.
I really want to go in for are descriptive essays, my PhD in Fall 2013. Will you advise me to go ahead and apply for a PhD program in Fall 2013 eventhough I have one more course to take in are descriptive essays Spring 2013? If not,then I just have to wait till Fall 2014 which is such a long time.Please advise. (2)Can a Masters anticipated GPA of 3.25/4.00 be enough to secure admission in a very good school with funding? Besides,is there any disadvantage of running this program part time?
Thanks so much while I wait for your response. This is an MSc in are descriptive essays Biostatistics. Sorry for the delay–I don’t check this site often. But I really am not in a position to offer that level of advice. Included Thesis! The question is whether or not the are descriptive department will allow you to start a PhD. Thesis! As for what are descriptive, the GPA–I have no idea what it takes these days. Sorry that I was both so non-informative and included statement late responding. Thanks for writing such an informative article.
Even with the what are descriptive internet at my disposal, it’s difficult to find out information about an essay 1, this field. I’m a bit younger than most of the other commenters; I just graduated from high school this past year. I am very interested in biostatistics and was hoping you could give me some advice on my undergraduate education. As of right now, I am a double major in health science and math. While this gives me the opportunity to take high level math courses and many public health courses, I only what essays have to take one biology course and essay social media no chemistry courses, though I am electing to take general chemistry, per your advice. Will a lack of knowledge in biology put me at a disadvantage?
Also, if I’m unable to take biostats courses, are there any particular statistics courses other than the basics that I should take? Thanks for essays, your help. Any science or chemistry will help you if you are interested in a biostats applied degree, but it isn’t necessary. Health science is (I would think) a strong asset. Google biostatistics degrees and you will see a lot of academic programs pop up. Go to those websites and snoop around. Call the thesis statement admissions officers of what are descriptive essays, particular programs if some look particularly interesting and talk to them. Also, ask them “If I were applying to programs, which ones (other than your program) would you recommend.” That way you can see what they say about each other and thesis you can see which ones everyone else recommends. At the undergrad level, you may not have the chance to what are descriptive essays take a biostats course–no problem. Take math stats or applied stats if you can. I bet that most enrolling grad students don’t have any bios coursework under their academic belts.
Thanks for this very informative article. I have a Ph.D. in psychology with a background in evaluating the essays effectiveness/efficacy of psychological interventions (therapy, etc.). I have been working in research/academia, but I am considering a move to the private sector and I am sussing out my options. My research certainly involves doing statistics that are relevant to clinical trials and/or health care settings (longitudinal data analysis, handling missing data, etc.) and I have excellent communication skills. Do you think biostatistics is an option for me? Do I need further education before I will be of interest for biostatistics jobs, or is are descriptive a psychology Ph.D. potentially good enough as long as I have the needed skillsets (proficiency in SAS programming and so on)?
Any advice would be greatly appreciated. I am not sure how strong your stats background is. You may be able to get a job w/ the PhD in psych…apply and you will find out! For the an essay on a man epistle 1 jobs you do not get, ask what is lacking. You may need additional coursework in stats. SAS programming would be an asset. I have friends w/ PhDs in Psych who are functioning very well as statisticians, but they have a strong stats background in their degree. Thank you so much for the insightful advice! I am a convert to biostatistics and this has helped me tremendously. I do have a question regarding research positions.
First, a brief history, I have always loved math and actually began my college career in engineering. However, due to the shortage of what are descriptive, employment at the time, I changed my major to a medical degree. Long story short, I now have my Bachelor’s in of supporting thesis Nursing. I was so excited to what find out about the biostatistics degree! I feel like I finally found something that will combine my medical background with my love for mathematics. On to the question…I have noticed in researching available jobs that several require 3-5 years of research experience. Do you know if this is beyond the research that is required for your Master’s degree? Or if this needs to be full-time 40hr/week research? Thank you so much for your time!
COngrats on finding stats. Gotta tell you: my mother was a nurse (started the Pediatric Nurse Practicianer program at Yale), my daughter-in-law is a labor and delivery nurse, and my other son’s significant other is a cardiac physician’s assistant. With your scientific bent, stats and ways thesis medical background…you would be a good hire for what, many jobs. As for what a particular job is looking for when they say 3-5 yrs experience, I can’t say. My guess would be post-degree, but my guess might be wrong. Also, even if they “mean” that, they may find your background so attractive that they change their mind. Sorry that I couldn’t answer your question more definitively. Included Statement! Warm regards, I liked your article.
I have been reading about Biostatistics recently. I have a MS degree in Engineering. Essays! I truly loved the statistics classes I took. I took Design of Experiments and Statistical Data Analysis during my masters. I just didn’t realize how important statistics is in every field. Especially in quality and human factos classes, statistics played an important role.
We moved to Nashville and what are descriptive essays Vanderbilt offers PhD degree in Biostatistics. I was wondering your personal thought on if an what are descriptive engineer would be accepted to of supporting Biostatistics department? I call the Dept of Bios and ask for an appointment with someone on are descriptive, the faculty who could address this question. Then go meet the faculty member with a list of your coursework (text book names wouldn’t hurt) and either a transcript (need not be official) or a list of your grades and ask them for a non-binding evaluation of your likelihood of acceptance. They may point out what you lack, or they may just invite you to thesis get your formal application in are descriptive essays order by date X. Good luck, Thank you so much for writing this article! I had goal of working in ways thesis pharma industry but after spending about what are descriptive, a year to find a job as a Biostatistician, my goal is shorten to “having a job.” 3 months of of summer intern at a medical school and having a weaker degree, MPH in Biostatistics have not done any helps in finding a job. For about past 6 months I have not get any interview offer so it’s very disappointing. Mba Scholarship Essays! How can I get a job?
Please help! Thanks! I am not an authority on this, but with the MPH, you might try to get a SAS certificate and get into a company as a statistical programmer, then migrate into stats. I don’t know if this will work, but I think SAS certification isn’t a high hurdle, especially if you know SAS already. Good luck! Thank you for your informative article.
I’m a senior in Biology Applied Mathematics, attempting to reconcile my interests, and hence seriously considering a phD in Biostatistics. I have done research, but not Biostatistics research, although they involve quantitative skills basic sciences. Essays! My questions are: 1. Thesis Stress Essay! How important is it to have an established research area/interest when applying to a Biostatistics phD program? 2. Can you give some suggestions about where to look to for topic areas in essays Biostatistics? Or can you list some as a starting point? 3. I have taken a couple ugrad upper level/grad level statistics courses (which require multivariate calculus), and essay have a good track record (my school’s courses are known to be very challenging). However due to scheduling reasons, I am only taking multivariate calculus this semester as a senior. I may not have the grades posted by the time I submit my application. Will that be a problem?
I am not in academia, so I don’t really know the answers to essays your questions for sure, but (1) I think it is entirely unimportant to ways of supporting have a previously established research interest, (2) you will figure out good topics when in grad school, and (3) I seriously doubt that unposted grades will be a deciding concern on an application. Good morning Katherine, I have a Ph.D in Medicinal Chemistry, worked in the pharmaceutical industry designing drugs for 7 years and for the last 5 years have started my own firm based in essays the US with 15 employees overseas in essay social India doing BIO_IT. What Are Descriptive! I am now interested in moving myself and my company in the area of Biostatistics (I have deep interest in math). What kind of degree program would you suggest ? I would suggest that you join the Statistical Consulting Section of the ASA and read the MS vs PhD tread that is going on. I think there is a way to essays get to what previously-sent emails. Statement! If you have trouble, Rick Peterson at ASA might be able to help you. After you read those posts, you can ask the question yourself (or a modified version, with more details) to see what the larger community advises. In general, the answer is “It depends on are descriptive essays, what you are going to do with the degree.” It sounds to me as though a strong masters program would do you well. (An MS is usually stronger than an MPH, for example.) But…that is for you to decide.
Hi Katherine, thank you for an amazingly informative article and your responses to thesis stress essay the posts! A recent college grad, I am working in what science communication and planning on going back to school next year for a Master’s in Biostatistics. Even though I was a science student throughout college, I also find a lot of ways, my interest lies in the humanistic side – communications, marketing, etc. I always feel a little torn in terms of whether I should directly pursue “my passions” or work on developing concrete skill sets to pave the paths that might lead me to fulfill these passions. I am choosing the latter for now, and I do hope that a degree in Biostats would not stick me to the stereotypical “number cruncher” image in the job market. Ideally, I would like to use these quantitative skills for essays, a career in health marketing/consulting. Is my concern unnecessary that biostatistics might not “fit in” these environments?
Do you know any biostatisticians who have gone on similar routes? If you are good in communications, you should be able to select job opportunities that suit you, then “market” yourself in your resume and cover letter. Make sure to included statement select a degree program that requires you to what do actual consulting…so you have an opportunity to work on what are descriptive, the “softer side”. You might also select a few courses technical writing or consulting skills or … some topic(s) that you can point to. Good luck–we need more people with technical skills who are good at are descriptive, “translating” the results. thanks so much for this article in biostatistics. I am a graduate in Micrebiology (BSC) and I will greatly love study Biostatistics at the masters level. My question is, will i be offered an admission in biostatistics mindful of the fact that my degree is not math incline? You will need some math. Each program is different.
Search the included statement web for programs, then look at essays, their admissions criteria. Thesis Stress Essay! If you don’t have enough, then you may need a semester or a year. If you already have enough math,…then apply. Thank you for this article. Are Descriptive! It is tips really informative to are descriptive essays choose a career in thesis Biostatistic. Presently i am doing PhD in Biochemistry and are descriptive Medical genetics in Canada. During my undergrad (Bachelor of Technology) in Biotechnology, i had done undergrad level of statistic. Last two term of my PhD, i had taken Biostatistic courses.
One was basic biostatistic and another was based on SAS program. I am good in Math as well. Of Supporting Thesis! I like to what are descriptive essays shift my career to essay social Biopharma Company as a biostatiscian. Do I need further education before I will be of interest for biostatistics jobs. If yes, what are the steps can you suggest me. Any advice would be greatly appreciated. If you want to be a biostatistician, you most likely (most likely–not necessarily definitely) will need a more “staty” degree in order to get paid at a PhD level. However, biochem, medical genetics, and stats would seem to me to be a very, very powerful combination! But I can’t really opine on what companies will hire you.
Thanks for what essays, the great advice! I was just wondering whether it would matter if I get a Masters in Biostatistics or a Masters in Statistics. Would either provide the same career opportunities? Or is on a man epistle a degree in Biostatistics held in higher regards? Can you please explain the difference between a SAS programmer and a biostatistician? How do their day-to-day job duties differ? Thank you! Some of those who earn a masters in biostats end up taking jobs as SAS programmers. However, there are many SAS programmers who know no statistics and who use SAS in areas that are not particularly statistical.
In my experience, programmers primarily write programs. Biostatisticians often do some programming–and often will write the statistically more complicated parts of the are descriptive program (often as a macro for the programmer to an essay on a man epistle call)–but they also write detailed instructions for the programmers so the programmers know how to build datasets or generate displays (tables, listings…), they may help write protocols (a protocol is the document that specifies how the study is conducted and the high-level descriptions of are descriptive, data summary and analyses), they may write statistical analysis plans (the document that more precisely details the data summary and analyses), develop and annotate table shells (mock displays that have notes to the programmers to tell them what dataset to mba scholarship essays tips use, which records to what are descriptive essays select, and which datasets to use, etc.), review case report forms prior to their completion, help interpret the results of the SAS output, write a statistical reports and help write the clinical study report, attend FDA meetings with the FDA, etc. In my experience (clinical data trials), SAS programmers in statistical areas review the data set specification and essay social media turn the essays instructions into thesis stress, code. They also look at display shells and figure out how to manipulate the what are descriptive essays data so that the correct display is generated. The biostatisticians and thesis stress essay programmers work closely together.
Hope this helps! Thank you so much for such a fantastic and informative article. What Are Descriptive Essays! Before going any further, I would just like to point out that I am an unusual case: I guess you can say I am having a typical, quarter-life crisis.I received my B.A. in English last May. I am currently pursuing my Masters in thesis the same field. To be honest, I have grown tired of what are descriptive essays, thinking in abstractions.
I love my background in art and literature, but I am desperate for a complete change. Not to mention, the market for English majors is….well, less than ideal as you can imagine. When I was a kid, I excelled in mathematics, scoring in the 99th percentile on my state exams. I had one particular math teacher, however, that really turned me off from math and what essays science all together. Unfortunately, I was intimidated enough to stop trying and working hard.
I decided to pursue the are descriptive Humanities. Talk about a 180 degree shift. Ways Thesis! Today, I booked an appointment with an what advisor at an essay on a 1, my university and I will start working on a Bachelor’s Degree in math. A career in Biostatistics sounds great. I will be 24 by the time I am done with my current Masters degree and probably about 25 by the time I complete a B.A. in math. I wasn’t planning on going any further than an M.S. in Biostatistics.
Can you tell me a little bit more about what to expect? Do I have a shot? I have a lot of catching up to do… Sometimes, I wonder if I’ve lost my marbles #128521; Any advice or direction would be greatly appreciated!! Thank you for your article and creating this very informative thread. I hold a bachelors degree in pharmacy and are descriptive a masters degree in biopharmaceutical sciences. My research projects during my masters were both in biotechnology field(wet lab) and mba scholarship pharmacokinetic modelling (dry lab) with R and NONMEM.
I have now started a interdisciplinary PhD program which draws from pharmaceutical biotechnology, Statistical modelling (QSAR) and chemistry. My PhD is in Europe and essays is mainly research based and this leaves little room for course work. Over the years, I have discovered my affinity for data extraction and stress management. Are Descriptive! In fact, I had applied to few programs in pharmacometrics but was not selected. However, since I do not have a solid foundation in ways thesis statistics, I feel that I might be limited in the extension of my current knowledge to future work demands in what the pharmaceutical environment. Do you think that a MSc in Biostatistics, after my PhD is a good choice for me?(I am now 26 with no tangible work experience, will I stand a risk of 1, being over-educated) Do you think my current PhD would be of great benefit in essays the future or shall I change to a PhD in biostatistics (I am now preparing for ways, GRE)? If possible, is combining a part-time masters in biostatistics with my current program advisable? Thank you and I hope to receive your response.
I am simply not qualified to guess what road might be best for what are descriptive essays, you. Thesis Essay! In my mind, a good stats degree is useful in what are descriptive essays any research field, but “should” you do that? It takes time, it takes money… I don’t know. For example, I would have benefited from more chemistry classes, and a pre-med background would have served me well. Essays Tips! But I don’t have that, and I have done fine anyhow. What! So “should” you go for synthesis media, another degree in stats, or switch?
I just don’t know what will lead you to the greatest likelihood of what are descriptive, a job that you enjoy or a career that is productive. Seems to me that this is more “life counseling” than I am qualified to do! Do you have a shot? Yes, of what are descriptive, course. It will take time and money, to be sure, but a statistician who can write well is a valuable find! One alternative is to move to SAS programming. Someone with a logical mind can pick up basic SAS in essays a relatively short amount of an essay man epistle, time, and quickly pick up more SAS from there. Some people with masters in biostat move into essays, programming rather than working at a job that has “statistician” as the thesis essay title. What Essays! A basic stat course is an essay on a man epistle useful for a programmer if they intend to work with statistical data, but not necessarily essential. Hi, thanks for the article, i wanted to what ask you a question. could we take biostatistics as a undergraduate degree? i’m in high school and turned 17 this year. I take pure bio, pure chem, pure math, and economics.
I’m really confused though, i personally enjoy doing math and i’m okay in biology and chem. I like economics but i dont want to join the banking industry because of just the of supporting thesis money attraction. So do you have any advice on what i should do? If you are interested in econ and math, with an what interest in bio and chem, them a field such as pharmacoeconomics might be up your alley. Health economics should be a good field in the years to come: which treatments really work best and at what price. See this http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharmacoeconomics and then do other searches from there. I would also suggest looking at some schools of public health: see what courses they offer in various departments, and thesis what degrees. Then search to see what is required for the degrees that look most interesting.
In undergraduate school, you want to keep your options open and not narrow things down too much from the start. What Are Descriptive! Perhaps a bachelor degree in math with an emphasis in of supporting thesis in stats and some econ courses would give you the more flexibility than a BS in biostats. Are Descriptive Essays! I don’t KNOW this is statement true, but it might be. My point is: research what is out there, keep track of the areas that seem the are descriptive most interesting, figure out what it takes to get there, and of supporting thesis pick an undergraduate program that is broad enough to let you shift your interests somewhat as you learn more. What Are Descriptive Essays! And when in college, don’t forget to take history, art, literature, anthropology… etc. If you are going to be doing math/science the rest of your life, learn some other fun stuff while you are in college! The web is an outstanding tool. What Are Descriptive Essays! Use some of your Christmas break to explore! Happy Holidays, Katherine. This is a wonderful article and I love the fact that you respond so promptly to all of the readers.
Like many who have commented here, I, too, need a little bit of your wisdom. I have a bachelors degree in medicine and masters degree in international health care management. Both the degrees had courses on biostatistics. Now, the main issue that arises for me here is the are descriptive essays lack of work experience. I have worked for a few months as sales representative for a pharmaceutical company and it’s not the direction I would like to progress in. I LOVE maths and I have all this background knowledge of medicine but I am not sure which positions I can apply for related to biostatistics. I am currently working in what are descriptive essays Saudi Arabia but I don’t have issues moving to a different country if opportunities arise.
I recently got offered a position to work as a part of are descriptive, a research team at a leading hospital in Saudi Arabia. Can that be a good start? Can you please just guide a wee bit as to which ‘entry-level’ positions can be available to stress essay people from what essays, my background, even if it’s in the U.S. or the U.K. etc.? Thank you. Not sure I replied to you—sorry. I really am not a position to evaluate entry-level jobs globally for anyone.
I would think that a bachelors in medicine with health care management masters would afford you an opportunity to media move out of what, sales into research position would be a good start, and my give you a chance to mba scholarship essays “see what it’s like” in some fields of potential interest. Another option would be to learn/teach yourself SAS and are descriptive start as a programmer. I have no idea if that is of interest to you, or if you would have SAS available in your research position. I doubt a sales rep position would give you access to SAS. One consideration…changing countries might be hard. It is of supporting probably easier to get a job in a country where you are, where you have permanent residency, or where you have studied than other countries. But this is an area way outside my area of expertise. Again, sorry if I missed your email earlier. I’m not sure what happened. Thanks for the post – it was very insightful.
I have a question for you. Essays! I am in my second year in Bio undergrad with a Math minor (I started off in Math.) However, my University does not allow me to declare a Stats minor if I am not a Math major; so Math minor is the best I can do. So, my question: do you think my undergrad would hinder me from getting into graduate schools in Biostats? Any recommendations on how to man epistle make my chances of acceptance greater? Thank you!! Your undergraduate degree doesn’t hinder you from getting to Biostatistics. As long as you have 1 and are descriptive essays 1/2 years Calculus and synthesis social 1 course Leanear Algebra, you should be ok. Some schools. require 1 Statistic course. My daughter is a senior Bio major and she is just admitted to University of Michigan for essays, Fall 2013.
Thanks for such a good article about biostatistic career, no other sites could explain it beautifully. I am from essays, india and I did my Bachelors in Zoology and what then I went for M.sc (indian masters in Biostatistics and Epidemiology) and recently i finished it with 73% and I am SAS certified. I am planning to do MS in biostatistics in U.S. Can i get a 1-year MS biostatistics course since I have done my M.sc in biostatistics? What is the essay media scope of getting job after M.S. biostatistics or as SAS programmer right now? I don’t know the situation out there in U.S. since i am staying miles away from U.S. If you could tell the job market senario out there, it will be of great help for me to take a decision where to purse education out there or not. And also will it be able to get H1B visa for what, these jobs now a days? Thanks for reading. There are 1-year degree programs, but usually the 2-year programs are stronger. Included Statement! Might you be able to get the stronger program with your background?
I suppose so. What Essays! Search the web for programs, and ask the departments directly. The departments will also be able to included thesis tell you where they have been able to place their students after receiving degrees, and how successful that process has been. And I know nothing about visas… sorry. Thanks for the article! I have an undergraduate degree in health science and would like like to what essays persue a career as a biostatistician and your article has help me figure out that a masters will be just fine for me since I am mostly interested in working in industry. The one thing I am not sure of is if I should get my masters in biostats or in stats.
Since I have a bs in health science, I think I could get a job in biostats with just a stat masters but I’m not sure if companies would perfer someone with a masters in biostat. Also, I am afraid that biostat will be too specialized and the broader stat degree would perhaps help to open more doors for me but I’m not sure. Can you please help? Thank you! The short answers is: it depends.
It depends on the program and it depends on what industry interests you most. In you are interested in pharmaceutials/medical research or in ways a biological, then biostat would likely be a better bet. If you are interested in what are descriptive other applications, then it is more iffy. It is my impression that biostat programs tend to focus a little more on applications and a little less on theory than stats programs, but there are certainly exceptions to that! I would look at of supporting thesis, specific programs–even calling to talk to what someone in the department–to get a sense of whether or not the program is geared toward theory or offers an ways of supporting applied aspect to. Is a consulting course offered? Is it required, and are descriptive essays if not, it is taken by many students? Where have the MS grads from this program gotten jobs…and doing what (statistics or statistical programming?) Most likely the are descriptive essays degree name itself won’t matter enormously. Good luck, Katherine.
Thank you for your article! It’s really hard to find information about biostatistics. I am graduating with BS in psychology in this May, and what are descriptive I’ve decided to have a career in included thesis statement biostats since I am interested in are descriptive essays stats and health. I’m currently deciding on doing a MS at Columbia or Michigan. In terms of reputation and ways of supporting job market, do you have any advice for what are descriptive essays, me? I would like to get a job or join a PhD program in the west coast after graduation. By the way, as an international student, is it hard to thesis find a job in the US with a MS in biostats? Thank you again. I really appreciate it! I am not really in a position to opine on the relative merits of the 2 programs. Consider where you want to live for the duration (NYC and Ann Arbor are VERY different places), what courses are required/optional, the cost of the program and the cost of living, if you know anyone in are descriptive essays either place (ie, do you have support system in place)…this matters too.
As for the difficulty of finding a job… I don’t know how much trouble people are having. Contact each program and ask them where their graduates from the last 3 years are working. You can help your chances by getting some practical experience, work on ways of supporting, your oral and written English (if this is a problem…you indicate you are foreign and English fluency ranges widely so you may be fine here), and getting good grades! Thank you for what are descriptive, your sharing. It’s really helpful! I am graduating with a BS in psychology in May 2013, and have decided to social media do a MS in bio-statistics since I enjoy statistics and want to do something related to are descriptive essays health. Now I am deciding between Columbia and Michigan.
In terms of reputation and job opportunities, do you have any suggestions for me? I would like to an essay on a have a job or get my PhD in the west coast after graduation. Thank you again. I really appreciate it! Sorry, but I don’t know particularly programs and their strengths or weaknesses. If you are interested in a PhD on the “west coast,” then find the PhD programs that you are considering, call up those departments. Perhaps members of the what are descriptive department would say that one of the 2 programs meshes better with their program. Notice, however, the use of “perhaps” in mba scholarship essays tips the previous sentence….don’t know if that would work for are descriptive, you or not. Stress! Also, whoever you talk with may try to essays get you to come to 1 their program first! In any event, look at the PhD programs to see what the requirements are; perhaps you can tell which MS program works better first. My final piece of what are descriptive, advice is that I suspect that the stress essay road to essays a PhD is ways thesis shorter if the MS and PhD are done in the same departments.
To be honest, I’m speculating here but the point is what are descriptive essays worth considering. You can definitely ask various department members about that to see whether or not my speculation is worth anything! I hope you have a successful academic experience, whichever school or coast (or lack of on a man epistle 1, coast, as the what essays case may be for Michigan) you end up in. First, thank you for continuing to answer students/recent graduates questions on this article even though it was written almost 2 years ago. Reading through the comments section (as well as the article) was very helpful. I recently finished my coursework for an M.S. in Biostatistics. I was unfortunately unable to thesis statement obtain an internship during my 1 summer break within the essays program, and am now applying for positions with a less than stellar (in terms of an essay on a man epistle, practical work experience) resume. Being a successful Biostatistician requires quite a diverse set of skills: statistical theory, computational, written and oral communication. From what I have seen, positions within industry that have the job title “Biostatistician I” or equivalent require that applicants have a minimum of 3-5+ years of experience before applying.
These jobs require a high level of responsibility, so I understand the what are descriptive experience requirement. Given this, I have accepted that obtaining one of these jobs straight out of man epistle 1, college is not feasible given my work experience. My question is: What are the names of some positions within industry that would allow me to *advance* into a Biostatistician position after I gain sufficient work experience? For example: SAS / Statistical Programmer seem like a positions that would allow me to build some of the biostatistics ‘skills’ listed above, and what are descriptive essays hopefully allow for a career shift into are descriptive essays, a Biostatistican position 1-2 years down the line. Are you aware of what other such position titles might be? Thank you for your taking the time to read this post. Have a great summer! I am not really aware of what are descriptive essays, any such entry jobs, other than interning or programming. Periodically Amstat news has internships, but…sorry, I don’t really have any great help for you there. Hello Katherine, I found your article very interesting and the closest thing I’ve come to that is close to my situation. Below is my back story.
What are my chances of getting into SAS Programming? I left my near 10 year IT career in late 2006. My wife and I were starting a family. Both my wife and I are from Glasgow, so living in the south east of England with no family members close by, child care was the major driving factor. My job at statement, the time required a great deal travel and staying at locations for extended periods of time. I was lucky enough to have a Teaching Post Graduate Degree in Maths and what Computing and 3 years teaching experience, this allowed me to accept an on a offer to teach Maths and what essays Statistics to thesis stress secondary school pupils in a high school in Hertfordshire (South East England). Working as a teacher offered a better work life balance and allowed for my wife and are descriptive me to mba scholarship essays tips better share the child care. I now intend to return to software development in the field of Statistical Programming. What Essays! My family has been started, as planned, and now two boys later, both in full time education, I am looking forward to investing my time into picking up my IT career from where it left of and an essay man epistle 1 furthering it to new heights of experience and knowledge acquisition. I can now commit myself to what are descriptive essays my new employer and be available to put in those extra efforts when needed.
My passion has always been developing software, and ways of supporting now with the chance to combine this with my Maths and are descriptive essays Statistics knowledge (the power of Maths Statistics excite me), I am looking forward to delving into data and emerging with a picture painted that will tell a story to one and synthesis all. During my time away from IT I have not stopped developing software; I’ve just been focusing on are descriptive, a different development environment, i.e. educational applications using VBA for Excel, Word and Access. I am excited about learning a new programming language, SAS Programming, and I am currently reading through “The Little SAS Book” (5th Edition, Delwiche Slaughter). I was a developer who liked to tips keep up with new technologies and study for qualifications in what software development. Included Thesis Statement! I delivered solutions in are descriptive essays the Financial Services sector, so I also gained professional qualifications in that sector to (Financial Planning Certificate 1 and 2); this allowed me to communicate and understand the client’s domain more. I averaged a professional qualification a year. I am aiming to gain certification in the SAS Programming language.
With my full software development life-cycle experience, my Statistics knowledge, and synthesis essay my personal attributes, I know I have the wright skill set to what are descriptive essays make this career move a success. Thanks, in advance for your thoughts. Congrats on surviving the “pre-school era” of parenting. Mba Scholarship Essays Tips! When I went half-time to take care of my (now 36-year-old) first born, I was definitely on the cutting edge–back then you either quit or worked full time. But then, I had no paid maternity leave either in those primitive days. (I missed 2 classes, then a week for spring break, then I was back teaching.) I stayed part time for about 15 years. As for what, your question (“What are my chances of getting into an essay on a 1, SAS Programming?”), of course I don’t really know the answer but my guess (GUESS mind you) is that they are very good. I have no idea what local opportunities there are for you, but I just did a job search for Hertfordshire UK and there were a bunch that came up.
I think the SAS certification makes a lot of sense to are descriptive essays get started. It takes a little bit to social media get going, but after that you just keep learning new tricks. It sounds as though have the skills, interest, and what ability to do well in the area. thank you for included, your article. I have 2 questions for you: 1. How did you improve your communication skills, both verbal and written? 2. Also could you please tell me what else I should focus on as an entry-level biostatistician? I have mathematical background, now I’m learning SAS as part of my training. 1. GOOD QUESTION! Communication is important, and what are descriptive essays how to work on of supporting, it depends on what you need. (a) A technical writing course can help in what essays written skills. (b) Buy a book (eg, Style: Ten lessons in clarity and grace), Joseph M Williams) and work through it –but don’t rush. (c) If you are entry-level in a company, it would be entirely appropriate to go to synthesis essay your someone in the company (boss, HR, older colleague who you respect) and explain what you areas you would like help/mentoring in and ask for what essays, help and advice. (d) Also, watch other people and see what “works.” Being aware and attentive can be the biggest lesson.
If you see very effective communication, think about what made it effective; if you see bad communication, think about what made it not work. Think about what you are going to say and how someone else might “hear.” You will learn a lot over time by being attentive. If you paying attention, over time you will learn a lot. (e) If you have strong accent (whether regional US or foreign), you might profit from an accent-remediation class (or whatever they call it). (f) If you have an opportunity to practice presentations, take it. Are Descriptive! You can even practice to a wall (but it is hard to are descriptive get animated talking to a wall); a small group of friends or colleagues is a better bet–you will do better and you will be constructive feedback (if you ask for mba scholarship essays tips, it.) 2. SAS is very good; R would be too. (I am about to try to learn R myself!) If you aren’t already moderately familiar with WORD and EXCEL, you might want to essays pick them up. An Essay 1! (I suspect you do know those already.) If you know what kind of field you are interested in, then learning more about the subject area is always helpful. Many many thanks for are descriptive, the article, it gives very clear insight about the essay topic. Really helpful. I am from Statistics background(Masters) and employed in analytic domain from what essays, last 1.5 yrs.
I had bio-stat in my last semester of graduate program scored really well. On A 1! Now I am thinking of essays, having PhD in included bio-stat in US or Canada as I always have the penchant for the topic. I went through various topics like epidemiology, survival, bio assay,genomics etc. and the intrinsic use of statistics to formulate excellent findings. Still i feel like that field of Bio-Stat is more dominated by the people from heath care domain rather the people from are descriptive essays, Stat or Math background. Could you please little elaborate in this topic and mba scholarship tips clear if there any ambiguity lies. And also could you please suggest what basic knowledge of biology I would require to what essays start studying now, so that it gives me a support in PhD program. At least when I went to graduate school (long, long ago), most people came from a math background. An Essay! I’m not sure it is the case that they “come from” a health care background, more they “go to” a health care field. Epidemiologists *used* to come exclusively from health care. What Are Descriptive! (My mother was the first non-doctor/dentist/veterinarian admitted to the UNC Epi PhD program; they allowed her in as a provisional student because she was “only” an RN. Mba Scholarship! The barrier then fell after that, but I don’t know if some health care is required there still or not.) I strongly suspect a good math background works more in what are descriptive essays your favor than a strong bio/health care background.
Personally, I just which I had taken more chemistry in college. Anyhow, I suggest that you address your concerns by contacting a few grad schools and ask to speak to essay the faculty member on the admissions committee. them what they require/expect/suggest. Are Descriptive! They can give you data; I give you only speculation! Thanks a lot Katherine for the valuable suggestions… #128578; Very interesting and of supporting informative article. I’m also interested to do pursue career as a Biostatistician. Although I come from genetics background currently pursuing PhD, learnt softwares such as R program,SPSS etc.Can u kindly suggest some good books on what are descriptive, Biostatistics as well as softwares required. Is it necessary to do some course in statistics?
You ask “Is it necessary to do some course in social media statistics?” Necessary for what? To be a biostatistician? Yes, you should have a degree–it is possible but not easy to are descriptive essays work as a biostatistician without a biostats or stats degree of some sort. Are you pursuing a degree in included genetics, or in what are descriptive biostat? I think I would be doing you a disservice recommending a book, because there are so many at essay, varying levels.
I would consult a faculty member who knows you and can direct you with a better knowledge of what is appropriate for you. Are Descriptive Essays! SAS is a very widely-used program in biostatistics, particularly in the pharmaceutical field. Sorry that I can’t be more specific. Great advice and insight. This is the best I have found on-line. To add to others unique situation, I give you mine. I work for a pharmaceutical company in the QC department doing everything from working with statistical trending, writing standard operating procedures, qualifying equipment, working with a database, etc. As far as the educational part, I have a BS in Biology with a Chemistry minor.
I also have a graduate certificate in epidemiology which came with a graduate Biostats course and some epi courses along with a couple of electives. It is basically half a masters degree. Now I am interested in stats but am unsure if I should shell out some dough and finish up a MPH and synthesis media try to fit as many stats courses as possible or start fresh with a stats MS and what are descriptive essays try to transfer classes. Ideally, I’d like to have a company pay for that (currently not the essays tips case). I guess I am unsure where I fit in in the pantheon of things.
Thanks in are descriptive essays advance. Sounds like you are well suited to go on thesis essay, for a degree in stats! You have a strong science background and are descriptive essays you know enough to what know where you are going–you learn better that way. Companies vary in are descriptive essays what they will support and what you owe them back in return. It may well be possible to get help in this regard.
I also have no idea what the situation with other aid might be; you have to talk to departments of interest. As for whether to finish an MPH or go straight for the MS? My GUESS (guess!) is that going for the MS might be the shortest, least expensive route to yield you the strongest degree. However, I really don’t know the earnings differential for thesis, an MPH vs MS, and not all MS degrees are equal–some are much stronger than others. Perhaps you can talk to persons in your graduate department (or, if appropriate, other graduate departments) to are descriptive essays see where their MPH and MS students get jobs. Also, you might call the HR departments of a few companies that interest you to get their perspective on the relative merits of an MPH vs MS. There are also a large number of recruiting firms that place statisticians. They might be willing to share their placement experiences with you.
Career counseling at this level is, alas, outside my current knowledge base. My best advice is that you can probably get better advice elsewhere! Google is 1 a wonderful tool to use to figure out who to call, and then there is what are descriptive ye olde phone (don’t tell Siri, but the phone has been around awhile) for essay social, use to are descriptive essays reach out. At least some people will be able to be helpful, even if they just suggest a different person or different route of inquiry. I am a medical Dr and I am interested in medical statistics,what are my chances and mba scholarship the benefits of being a meidical statistician as a Dr. Thanks. I have no idea what your “chances” are of essays, being an MD with an advanced degree in stats. I know nothing about your math background/skills, where you are geographically relative to included statement a good stats program, how much time you have to devote to getting the degree etc. However, I strongly suspect that an MD with a degree in biostats would be someone highly marketable to the pharma industry or the FDA, or to many academic research centers that conduct clinical trials or do more epidemiologic studies.
Would the time, effort, and essays money be “worth it” financially in stress the long run for what essays, you? Obviously, I don’t know that either. I suspect you might have some very interesting career opportunities, however. Good luck in deciding which way to direct your career. I am a MSc. student from social, Canada working on my degree in are descriptive Population Health Sciences. Thesis! I have a BSc. in are descriptive Human Biology. Currently, during my MSc., I extended my program by 1 more year to take some undergraduate level math and stats courses (eg. An Essay! linear algebra, multivariate calculus, mathematical statistics, probability, etc.) I intend on what, applying to some Biostatistics phD programs in Canada, but mostly schools in the US next year. (writing my GRE next summer). Synthesis Social Media! Do you think that for my situation, I should apply for the MSc. in what are descriptive essays biostatistics first because my chances of getting into the PhD programs are not as good? (But my trying to get into the MSc. in biostats first, I do intend on making it into an accelerated program to the phD.)
Please give me your honest opinion, I really appreciate it. I’ll give you the same advice that I give others: call the departments that interest them and ask to talk with the essays director of what are descriptive, admissions. They can give you informed information on such questions whereas I can only speculate. Of Supporting Thesis! The answer may not be the same for all programs. Be prepared to are descriptive tell them what courses you have taken (including the text book) and your grades; it wouldn’t hurt to have the course description handy too, in case they ask. Good luck in synthesis your path. The Bio and Health Sciences background should be useful in your future!
Hi, I am an M.Sc. in Toxicology from what are descriptive, India. I want to thesis stress essay move to are descriptive essays US for an MS in Biostatistics. My maths has been very good and did some course-work in Biostatistics in M.Sc. itself (we had bio-statistics as a subject both in 1st as well as second yr). The university I wish to stress apply asks for (a)Calculus 1 2 (b)Linear Algebra as pre-requisites. Would it be possible or you tell me what course should I take to fulfil these criteria.
Thank you so much already. In American colleges and universities, there ar usually classes in calculus and linear algebra. They are often called Calculus 1 or Calculus I, and are descriptive then Calculus 2 (or II). The actual course number may be something else (eg, Math 131 or 242 or…whatever, depending on an essay on a, the school), but the description will call it entry-level calculus, or first-semester calculus or something similar. Linear Algebra classes are called Linear Algebra. You just have to take the classes. hi everyone . I from are descriptive essays, Pakistan and i have done my masters of science in biostatistic and done research in included thesis statement thesis work . What! But i want to take guidence what are steps how i struggle in a proper direction because it is essay media a vast field. That is what are descriptive too vague a request for on a man epistle 1, me to what are descriptive try to answer, and I imagine that I could not give reasonable advice to you on this matter. I would suggest that you contact your professors with whom you worked on your graduate degree. Included Thesis Statement! They will know your background, interests, and strengths the best. Thank you for what are descriptive essays, a wonderful article.
I wish the internet had been around when I was in high school. Is someone ever too old to get into biostatistics? I am a 41 year old practicing physician with an undergraduate degree in Electrical Engineering and Mathematics (strong CS as well) who is looking to get back into what he loved (mathematics) and left for some inexplicable reason. If I did get my PhD in biostatistics would my age and experience be a hinderance, an asset or a mixed blessing? (Un)fortunately my experience lies in Emergency Medicine at the clinical level and I have not been exposed to the academic side since residency and am not in a specialty such as heme/onc which seems to have latched onto essays, biostats, from a pure medical perspective, the most from what I have learned. I have already reached out to what are descriptive essays the biostat admission chair at my med school and plan to meet him. All the other pertinent planning is in the works as well. Thanks in advance, Your medical background would be a fantastic asset.
I wish I knew more medicine and of supporting thesis chemistry! I’m not sure if being an oncologist would help you a whole lot, but the strong science background certainly will when you go looking for a job. It might not help get you through grad school, but it will help later. Unless you are better at remembering your math than I am, you might need to either take a refresher course or two (or pull out the textbooks and what are descriptive work through them) in order to handle the math needed to get a PhD. The biostat admission chair will give you good advice. Ask him for the names of thesis statement, books in some courses, then go look at what are descriptive essays, them and mba scholarship tips see if your math wheels are good to go or if they need some greasing. And 41 is not too old. My mom was an RN who went back for what, her PhD in Epidemiology when she was 49.
They admitted her as a provisional student after she was persistent: until then, only synthesis essay social MDs, DVMs…and other doctors had been allowed in the program. She smashed that glass ceiling, and within a few years all sorts of non-medical types were allowed in. She went on to start the pediatric nurse practicianer programs at Yale and UNC, among other things. So no, 41 is what not too old! This is by far the most informative and inspiring article on Biostatistics in what essays the entire Internet realm.
Thank you, Katherine, for sharing your knowledge for the pathway to a career in Biostatistics. As a Sophomore planning to major in Biology, I am glad that I have enough time to tailor my degree to keep the doors open for a M.S. in Biostatistics. If you don’t mind, could you share with us your own pathway to the current position you are in? What did you major in what during your undergraduate? Did you attend Grad school for statistics or Biostatistics, and what career options were open to you after grad school? I know the situation now must different to how it was when you completed grad school, but it still may be a helpful reference guide for undergrad students like me. Hi Khaled, I’m so glad that you have enjoyed the article and found it helpful. I majored in math at statement, a small liberal-arts school, with only one probability course and one math-stats class. Are Descriptive! I took some some bio classes and wish I had taken chemistry. If you are a bio major, then I recommend that you double-major (or nearly so–maybe not EVERY course you need for a major, but many of them), in math.
I went for a PhD in Biostatistics; I wanted to synthesis social do applications. Getting paid to continue learning other types of material? What a great job. What Are Descriptive Essays! A strong MS can be good, but … well, degrees are like union cards: different degrees allow you to get different types of jobs. PhD’s tend to earn more on average, but a strong masters degree takes less time and can take you a long way; I know a number of very strong (2-year) MS-degreed persons.
I’m glad I got my PhD, but you might do well getting an MS and then seeing if you want to go the extra mile. Essays! But not all masters degrees are the same: some are much stronger than others. Evaluate the program, ask them where the masters grads get jobs… My options were limited when I graduated because I was married to a sociologist–they don’t have many options. As a result of that, I ended up at the University of Missouri-St Louis in a math dept that had never had a statistician before. Being the first statistician in a Math dept can be a wonderful opportunity–if it is an enlightened department. This one was not. Are Descriptive! I left after 3 yrs and went to Ralston Purina.
I wanted to thesis stress essay be 1/2 time (I had a baby by then and a half-time prof at what are descriptive essays, the University was just not going to of supporting be tolerated back then). I found 4 such 1/2 time jobs in St Louis, and took the one I liked best. It was a great job! Mind you, back then going to “industry” was thought by some to be a “step down,” but it was a very good move for me. After 13 yrs in that job, my husband changed jobs and we moved to essays Boston. It was an an essay on a man epistle 1 economically depressed time, and I had no clinical trials experience and the was a clinical trials town. I got a job at Ciba Corning Diagnostics (5 months later and essays early interview at Astra came through, but I already was working). THis was a medical device company. After 3 1/2 yrs there, the Astra job opened up again, and this time I went there. Astra had an interal merger and after 18 months, I as suddenly an Associate Director of Biostats. 18 months after that, Astra merged and included my job moved to PA.
I was not moving to the Philly area. The founder of essays, Rho, Inc (based in Chapel, NC) where I now work, was a former professor and long-time colleague. He knew I was job-hunting and asked me to open a satellite office in on a man epistle the Boston area. I did this (although I had quite a few other opportunities in essays Boston). It was a small office and 11 1/2 yrs later (now 2010) it was just not economically feasible to thesis keep it opened: it was cheaper to let the few statisticians work from home, now that telecommuting had advanced far enough. So…we moved home. Are Descriptive Essays! Since I was now working at home, I moved my home to Chicago, where my younger son and stress essay now my 2 grandkids are. Rho set me up with a computer, printer…and my cats sit on my desk while I work. Essays! BTW, Rho is a CRO (contract research organization).
It has been very stabile, and while many of my colleagues from Astra have changed jobs several times from thesis statement, drug-company to drug-company, I’ve had a stead job since 12/1998. I’ll retire from this job. Along the way (starting about 22 yrs ago), I started getting involved with the Boston Chapter of the what essays Am Stat Assn. Over the included thesis years I was secretary, then president of that organization. I also have done a lot of service for the ASA–volunteering for committees…. I served on the ASA Board of Directors, chaired the what essays committee that runs the short-courses at the annual meetings, and have been Chair of the PHarmaceutical Section of the ASA. All this just by stepping up, being willing to work, and essays “just doing it.” Largely because of my service, I was made Fellow of the ASA in 2007 (this award given to what essays 1/3rd of 1 pct of the membership per year–about 60 people out of 18000 each year). I am also being given an award by the Boston Chapter, which will be given next month. I tell you this to an essay man epistle make this point: becoming engaged outside your job can be rewarding…serving your profession, whatever it turns out to be. I didn’t even start much service until about 1991, 16 yrs after I got my degree.
I only essays took on as much as I could to (one year I was asked run for 5 different offices–I only ran for 1 of them!) I had absolutely NO idea where my career would go, but I must say it has gone well. So…I hope this answers your question well enough! I am graduating with bachelors in tips chemistry this year. Just came across your post when i was researching grad school options for bio statistics. I had done well good in all math courses but contrary I also failed statistics for eng. ( thats different story). Are Descriptive Essays! when ever I came across the thesis data analysis in chemistry courses I always find that my understanding and knowledge is lacking. my question to are descriptive you how would I prepare my self to get into biostat masters program as I am from an essay man epistle, chemistry background. thank you so much and thanks for what essays, sharing your thoughts and journey as statistician. The one thing I forgot to mention is even though my math grades are great but just because its been so long I took those courses. Synthesis Essay Media! I still have 2 more semester to graduate so planning to take linear algebra if that helps. so some one from different background want to go for biostat as grad school what remedial courses should be taken beside grades and what are descriptive courses what else can be done to make application stand out? This is a great article.
Thank you for sharing it with us. I am a Medical Technologist. First job out of school. It is not bad but I figured I could do more and started looking into programs that suits my interest. So, I came across Biostatistics and did some research in it.Like you said, googled it. Even though I have a degree in an essay on a Medical Technology, I always loved Math.
I was really good at it in High School and did well in Calc I, II and Intro Stat classes in college. Essays! College was a lot of of supporting, Biology and Chemistry classes. What Are Descriptive Essays! I found that Linear Algebra and Multivariable Calc are basic prerequisites to get into Biostatistics program. So, I took those classes in Fall ’13 while I was working and essay media did well in both. I applied to few schools. I have not heard anything from them yet.Then I started doing more research into it.That is actually how I came across your article. I am not even 50% sure if I will get accepted into are descriptive essays, grad schools this year, but I was thinking if I did, how much would my Medical Technology degree come to synthesis essay media use after I finish the are descriptive program?I have 4 years of experience as Medical Technologist. If I don’t get accepted this year, I will probably take Advance Calc and Real Analysis Class like you suggested and what go around again next year.It is just so difficult to find these courses in Boston that goes along with my work schedule. I enjoyed reading your pathway to current position.Thank you for sharing it too. While a medical technology degree is are descriptive essays probably not the most straight-line path to a degree in biostats, I strongly suspect that you will be able to use your knowledge if you obtain a job in a medically-related field later on.
The biology and chemistry can definitely help if you land in a science-related position. I’m not sure exactly when schools make their admissions decisions but if you are curious, call the departments and ask! Also, if you are not admitted, it would be useful for you to talk to the admissions director to learn what your application lacked…what would increase your chances of admission next year? You can the focus your energy in that direction. Good luck!
Glad you liked the article, I suggest that you contact look at the websites of the departments that you are considering and see what their entrance requirements are. Make sure that you have those courses solidly under your belt. If it has been awhile since you took the ways of supporting thesis courses, then you can study from your previous text books on your own. Chemistry may not help a great deal with the coursework for your bios degree, but I suspect that you will find it useful in later jobs!
Thank you for essays, the wonderful blog. I just have a question. I have Master’s degree in Pharmacy (Pharmaceutical Chemistry) and also have 2 years of experience in Drug Safety and Pharmacovigilance. I now intend to direct my career towards Biostatistics in Pharmaceutical Industry. However, I am not able to decide whether I should pursue for MS or MPH in biostatistics.
May I know in terms of pharmaceutical industry, which is the preferred pathway? Without knowing the details of the programs, I would recommend the MS, which tends to be a stronger degree, but I’m going to refer this to Career Development Committee of the included ASA. Someone might be able to give you more comprehensive advice. I’m assisting Katherine with responding to questions. I am a member of ASA, I have a MS in Statistics, and I have worked in public health. When choosing a program, consider the work you want to be doing and the future direction of your career. If you want to. work in the Pharmaceutical Industry, you might consider seeking an informational interview with managers from what are descriptive, pharmaceutical companies. During the interview, ask about.
different career tracks available to tips those with an MS in biostatistics compared to those with a MPH in biostatistics. If you. are interested in a particular career track (i.e., managing a study), ask the manager what courses/training she/he found most relevant to working as a manager. The Section for Statistical Programmers and Analysts frequently addresses career. track questions at what are descriptive essays, JSM roundtable and sessions and you may find it helpful to thesis statement attend them. Additionally, consider under which department or school the program is essays offered. For example, a MS in on a man epistle 1 biostatistics from the Department of Epidemiology within the essays school of Public Health might give a student a different perspective and/or training than a MS in biostatistics from the Department of Statistics in the School of Humanities. (I’m not an expert on how. degree programs/departments are structured, but I do believe that structure impacts the course curriculum, and thus, a student’s skill set and perspective.) Thus, explore the course curriculum in detail and consider it in relation to the information you gained from the informational interview. Typically, I have seen that graduates who come from mba scholarship tips, programs with a strong public health emphasis get hired as study coordinators or project managers and those coming from are descriptive essays, programs with a strong statistics emphasis get hired as. programmers and move up as statisticians and/or managers of programmers. Thank you for included, your question,
I was just wondering, for employers, do they place a strong emphasis on where phD or MSc. degree was obtained? I am thinking of studying for a phD at the University of Saskatchewan in Canada, but I am a little worried that it may hinder my potential for getting jobs because it’s not a well-known school. My feeling is that the answer is are descriptive “to some extent, yes, but not entirely.” I’m going to ways of supporting refer this to Career Development Committee of the ASA. Someone might be able to give you more comprehensive advice. I had to decide whether I would seek my MSc from a university in Canada or a MS from what are descriptive, a U.S. Ways Thesis! university in a geographical area that I intended to live and work after graduation. A University of California professor advised that I should obtain a degree (Masters) in the location that I intended to seek employment because hiring managers would be more likely to essays choose graduates from local programs (i.e., programs.
with which they are familiar, students with predictable skill sets) than graduates who attended a program outside of the U.S. If you plan to stay in the area after graduation, it might be fine to get. a MSc degree at University of Saskatchewan, especially if there is synthesis essay social a cutting-edge research project that you can work on, alongside a professor. However, if you plan to seek work in a different province, you may want to investigate additional programs and the employment outlook for the province/city in which you plan to live. Thank you for your amazing blog. Essays! Thank you for sharing it with us. I am a undergraduate, and I just got accepted in to thesis Harvard MS program and a 27 ranked PhD program in biostatistics with fellowship.
I found it very difficult to choose. I don’t know how much the essays university ranking matters in getting a job? My goal is to become a senior biostatistician or a director of biostatistics with good salary. So I think it is better to ways of supporting thesis get a PhD degree. However I am not sure if it is worthwhile to take an what extra two year and tuition fees in Harvard? Can you give me some advice? A Harvard MS should allow you to thesis grow into what are descriptive, a Senior Biostatistician position. Becoming a director eventually is more likely with the PhD, although I do know persons with an MS who have become directors in smaller companies (not sure about later companies). As for “is it worth it?” I can’t answer you that one because there are a lot of variables that enter into that equation.
You can gauge the benefits in terms of salary by thesis, going to http://www.amstat.org, and then search on “salary survey.” There are various surveys: biostatistics; academic; survey of business, industry and are descriptive essays government. When comparing the surveys, note that the year of the survey. Is the extra income worth the extra time/expense of school? Maybe, maybe not. As for the importance of the thesis essay ranking of the school? I do’t really know the are descriptive essays answer to synthesis essay that one. I am going to refer that to the ASA Committee on Career Development. I am from essays, India and i did my under graduation in pharmacy(B.Pharmacy) and now i am pursuing Masters in Bio-statistics.I wish to do Bio-statistics PhD in US.Which path should i choose to get into research in thesis Pharmaceutical Bio-statistics ? I would google biostatistics departments in the US, see which programs seem to match your interests, and then contact the admissions officers in those departments. The individual departments can offer advice on how to proceed. Essays! Ask them what types of jobs do their graduates get–do some go into pharmaceutical companies. Think about what you want: a heavily theoretical dept or one that is more applied-based.
Thank you very much for your kind reply . I am interested in thesis an application oriented field rather than a theoretical one. I currently hold a Bachelor’s of what are descriptive essays, Science in Nursing and have worked as a nurse for ways of supporting thesis, 4 years or so, primarily in the OBGYN field. However, I am looking to obtain a master’s degree in something other than nursing, something more research-oriented. I love math and analytical things but have been out of practice at what are descriptive essays, these things since college. I really only thesis stress essay took one semester of what, calculus but ended up with 3 semesters of biology and 2 semesters of chemistry prior to included thesis entering the nursing program.
I think biostatistics would interest me a great deal – but am unsure what steps to are descriptive take at are descriptive essays, this point. Would I be accepted into a masters program for biostatistics with these credentials? Or would I have to take more courses? Do you know where I may look to find out more information? And ultimately, do you think this would be a good transition for me?
Thanks for your input, You can learn more about what, what preparations are needed for tips, a degree by searching departments with programs of interest and seeing what the entrance requirements are. One calc course will be insufficient for most (all?) biostats degrees. Essays! If bios is what you have your heart set on, then look at stress, various programs on line (or call the admissions officers at those schools) to determine what pre-reqs you need. However, you might consider other public health programs that are less mathematically intense. Essays! Find websites for various schools of public health (eg, http://sph.unc.edu/# ), then look at their departments and see what interests you. Tips! Maybe Health Education, Epidemiology, or Maternal and Child Health? My mother was a pediatric and OB/GYN nurse who went on to get her PhD in Epidemiology…then started the Pediatric Nurse Practitioner program at are descriptive essays, Yale and synthesis essay social media a similar one at UNC. Thank you for the wonderful article.
I am from India .I have Bachelors degree in what essays Botany with Biotechnology and Masters degree in Biostatistics. Tips! I wish to do PhD in Biostatistics in US. Which path should i choose to get in to PhD in Biostatistics. That is a very broad question. I would suggest discussions with your Biostats professors to help focus your interest (math stats? applied stats? medical? type of job you might like).
Then google to research departments and what look into what essays, their programs, then contact the departments that seem the what are descriptive essays best fit. Thank you for your amazing article! Its really helpful for me. I’m a high school student, currently admitted to the university. Thesis! I’m planning to major statistics(in management faculty though), but I’m also interested on science too. With reference to your article, I acknowledged that biostatistics can possibly fulfill my interests in two areas, but I have one question about it.
I’ve done chemistry in high school, a little touch with physics, but have absolutely no knowledge in biology. Is biology essential to what are descriptive have biostatistics career? Would chemistry knowledge be fine? I’m also planning to go graduate schools too. I’m glad that you found the article useful! Biology is not essential for a degree in biostatistics, but if you are just starting college, taking an intro biology course (focusing on animal, not plant, biology to the extent possible) wouldn’t hurt in stress the long run. It also wouldn’t hurt to take a college-level chemistry class.
I didn’t take college chemistry, but I could have used more in essays every single job I’ve had. However, you will need to have the required math background when you apply to grad school. I suggest that you google “department of social media, biostatistics” then go to the websites of a number of programs to see the prerequisites are for various graduate schools. Some will require more than others, and essays you have 4 undergraduate years to get the prereqs under your academic belt. If you meet the stiffer requirements of some schools, you will have more flexibility later on. Thank you for synthesis, the insightful article! I started college with the idea that I wanted to go to physical therapy school. However, after working as PT aide I’ve decided that it’s not what I want to what essays do. Thesis Statement! I’m going to be a junior next year, and essays I’ve taken a year of both General Chemistry and Anatomy Physiology. I am majoring in math, simply because I like it, so I feel like biostatistics would combine my interests well.
However, I need some advice about minoring in chemistry or biology. If I minor in chemistry I will have taken: Gen Chem III, Organic Chem III and Analytical Chem. If I minor in biology I will have taken: Gen Bio III, Anatomy Physiology III, and one upper level biology class (something like genetics or cell bio). I’m three classes away from either minor, but I can’t fit in thesis stress a double minor. Based on these classes, do you feel a stronger background in chemistry or biology would be more beneficial as a biostatistician? I’ve read through some of the posts and you seem to have wished that you had a stronger chemistry background. It’s made me think twice this summer before registering for classes in what essays the fall, and as I’m trying to figure out what I want to do instead of an essay on a 1, physical therapy. Thank you for essays, any advice! My chemisty was limited to high school, so you are already way ahead of what are descriptive, me.
I had bio in college: intro bio, genetics, and what essays evolution. You already have a stronger background than I did for ways thesis, Biostats. With your math major, you are all set. My senior year in college, I was offered the opportunity to take Honors Math at Oberlin. That meant taking more math classes, and what are descriptive essays then a chance to graduate with honors. My advisor suggested that I not worry about mba scholarship tips, taking the are descriptive essays honors program (after all, the honors label and some money buy you a cup of coffee) but rather go take art, history, music, literature, or whatever. In other words, he advised that I use the time to mba scholarship essays get the most out of are descriptive essays, a liberal arts school since I was going to grad school in Biostats anyhow.
Given your math major and mba scholarship essays your very strong science background, I give you the what same advice: go broaden and thesis enrich your mind. You might consider a writing or technical writing class if offered, but other than that, enjoy your undergrad opportunities! I took art history as a freshman to fulfill a requirement, and are descriptive liked it so much that I took music into later. Instead of the synthesis social media math honors extra coursework, I took pottery! I have never suffered at all professionally for “failure” to participate in what the honors program.
Best of luck, Katherine. I’m a member of the ASA Committee on Professional Development, and I’m assisting Katherine with some of the posts. I’ll add to Katherine’s wonderful suggestion by saying that if your university offers a math lab where you provide peer tutoring in mba scholarship tips exchange for academic credit, you might consider registering for a semester of math lab. Tutoring strengthens a person’s skills for listening and essays communicating technical information clearly, both of which help in preparing for that first job. Included Statement! You’ll work with/help people of different ages, in what are descriptive different majors, with different levels of math skills. I did this as a math undergrad and enjoyed it so much that I took 2 quarters of thesis, statistical consulting lab as a graduate student in statistics. Regarding a minor, I encourage you to are descriptive think about your first, post-college job. Of Supporting Thesis! In what field do you want to work? If you’re unsure, search the ASA jobs database and are descriptive several online jobs databases. Enter appropriate keywords relating to your ideal job. Click on job titles that appeal to you and read the thesis essay job descriptions and academic requirements.
This will help you assess whether a bio or chem minor is more desirable for jobs that tend to interest you. Good luck in exploring the possibilities! Your article is very very informative. I was just reading through a couple of what are descriptive, comments to see if I would find an answer to my question! Almost went through all of included thesis, them.
I am in essays sort of a unique situation. Included! I have a Master’s in Electrical Engineering and I have worked in the Automation field in what are descriptive manufacturing for thesis stress, nearly 2 years. However, am thinking of moving my career to what essays the statistics field, something like research oriented programming for bio-statistics to be very specific. I am considering a PhD. Thesis Statement! I am still researching the pros and cons of what this decision would bring, as it will be a very big move for me, money wise and career wise. I have always been inclined towards biology and math (not so much chem), but I was only what able to take high school level biology and chemistry due to thesis statement the nature of my program, as I moved to the Electrical Engineering degree. I have taken all three levels of are descriptive, math during my BE (its called BE in India, similar to BS). Also, math has been a vital part of my curriculum in pursuing the Master’s, but there weren’t any just math courses, it was sort math applied to the specific courses. It has been very difficult to figure out what sort of steps I would need to take to make this move effectively, given my past educational experience is in Electrical Engineering. If you have any insight on this, please let me know. If you can point me in any direction, I would be happy to contact anyone who would have more information on this.
I saw that you mentioned in a couple of posts above that talking to the Admissions office would help. Would it help in 1 my case as well? Google search has not been very effective yet! Thanks and Regards, Sneha. I’m a member of the Committee on what, Career Development, and I’m assisting Katherine with responses to what essays career-related questions.
It sounds like you are leaning in the direction of studying statistical computing. I recommend trying to find a person who is working in statistical computing or in are descriptive essays statistical computing within a bio-statistics group and mba scholarship essays ask the what are descriptive essays person for an informational interview. An informational interview is an opportunity to learn more about the field, the ways kinds of work one might be hired to do, the expected growth in that field or industry, and what are descriptive essays the kinds of academic programs that would match your interests. Specifically, if you are a member of ASA’s Statistical Computing and Graphics Section, you can post your request for an informational interview to the group via ASA Community. If you’re not a member of that Section, just click on “Sections” at the top menu of http://www.amstat.org and go to an essay man epistle the Statistical Computing website. E-mail the chair with a request to put you in contact with some members who would be willing to essays discuss academic programs, post-docs in the field, career opportunities, etc. Be sure to included thesis mention your background in engineering and automation when seeking an informational interview. Good luck in exploring your options! Thank you so much Monica. Your reply helps a lot! I will get in touch with someone from the statistical computing community.
Hi Katherine, thanks very much for your article all the information here which I found very useful. I’ve been working in what clinical research for about 5 years now becoming more interested in thesis statement the design statistics side. In my current role as a CRA I am working huge hours overtime every day including weekends, though I find the projects interesting I do get burnt out. What Are Descriptive! In terms of lifestyle, I was wondering if biostatisticians normally work significant overtime too? I don’t mind from time to time but it would be good to have an idea of the stress levels /demands. Thanks again. My name is Monica Johnston, and synthesis essay social media I’m a member of the what ASA Committee on Career Development. I’m assisting Katherine in answering some of the questions posted here. I’m assuming that when you work late and on the weekends, you’re neither seeing biostatisticians at work nor are you receiving e-mail from them which would indicate they are working off-site on the weekends or late at night during the essay social media week. I believe that the number of hours that CRAs and biostatisticians work vary from company to company. I suspect that in a start-up company both professionals would work long hours.
In an established company, I think that it is uncommon to work “huge hours overtime”, whether one is what essays a CRA or a statistician. If your job involves programming/coding, you might work longer hours or feel that you need to work longer hours in order to keep up with the mba scholarship essays workload and are descriptive time lines. I encourage you to reach out other CRAs and statisticians in statement the same industry as you to see if their hours are comparable to yours. On Nov. 3, ASA is launching “Open Forum” and this might be a great way to essays post your question about whether CRAs work more/equal/fewer hours than biostatisticians within your industry. I’m sure you’ll get many opinions.
….Oh, by thesis, the way, it doesn’t hurt to are descriptive apply for a job at a different company and ways check out its company/work culture. The best time to are descriptive essays hunt for a job is when you have one. Many thanks Monica for your advice, unfortunately I missed the open forum, but will definitely look into researching CRA hours other companies. I’ll add my 2 cents worth here, namely that Monica is right: the amount of overtime expected as a norm varies by company culture, but the actual amount can also very over time. There might be a period of on a man epistle, time (weeks, months or even longer) when there is a lot of what essays, overtime even if the usual pace isn’t brutal.
But if your company is burning you out, check out other companies. Stress! The travel part of CRA work will almost always be there, however. Hi Katherine, Thanks very much for your advice, apologies I just saw your message now. I have been looking into other companies hopefully will find one with the right culture soon. This article is very insightful and has broaden my horizon.Presently,i’m planning to write a motivational letter to pursue a master degree in biostatistics,this has been very tough for what, me because my university degree was in dentistry.Please can you be of assistance. My name is Monica Johnston, and what are descriptive essays I’m a member of the ASA Committee on Career Development. I’m assisting Katherine by responding to questions. When drafting a motivational letter, it can be helpful to (1) identify your motivation for studying biostatistics, (2) describe how your current professional degree in dentistry overlaps with your interest in what essays pursuing a master’s degree in included statement biostatistics, and what essays (3) identify specific career opportunities or direction that you want to take after completing your master’s degree in biostatistics. Biostatistics is a broad field. Do you think that you would be interested in on a doing research in what are descriptive dentistry, perhaps helping companies to improve oral hygiene products, to develop new medical devices, or to develop products that help prevent gum disease in an essay on a man epistle 1 areas of the world that have irregular access to clean water? In other words, your motivational letter will be much easier to what are descriptive write after you have asked yourself many questions about what you hope to accomplish with a background in ways thesis dentistry and biostatistics, what impact you want to make, and how you want to make that impact.
Please post again if you have additional questions. Hi Monica and Katherine, I have completed my PhD in the field of Diabetes and are descriptive its complications from India. Part of my PhD involved statistics thats wherein I got interested in Biostatistics. Ways Of Supporting! I have assisted few friends in conducting required statistics for their research papers and helped them get published. Currently I am working in publication industry and are descriptive want to pursue my career in clinical research.
I intend to shift to clinical research field, preferably overseas for my future prospects, but for that I need to get enrolled in a course. Please address my below questions: 1. Do you suggest me to get enrolled in MS in essay media Biostatistics? If yes, which university in USA should I apply? How much would be the fee for are descriptive, MS? 2. Will MS in Clinical Data Management more useful or MS in mba scholarship tips biostatistics for me to essays get good opportunities in future in Clinical research field?
What is more demanded in the field? 3. Does MS in Biostatistics include SAS and other relevant programming? 4. Thesis! Will USA be a good option or should I look for any other country? 5. Will I have an what are descriptive essays opportunity to work while I get enrolled in thesis stress MS courses in USA? Your response to my above questions will help me take wise decisions for my career. Hope to hear from you soon. Dear Dr. Priyanka:
I apologize for the delay. I’ve inserted my responses below your question. 1. Do you suggest me to get enrolled in what MS in thesis stress essay Biostatistics? If yes, which. university in USA should I apply? How much would be the fee for MS? I encourage you to spend more time clarifying the kind of work you want to what essays do before you choose a program. Your selection of programs/university may largely depend on the type of job you want (e.g., clinical trials, data document management, clinical trial manager, new drug development, etc). Given your professional interests and given that you have a PhD with some experience with statistics, you might explore Certificate in are descriptive essays Clinical Trials or other certificate instead of a Master’s degree.
I encourage you to broadly explore the programs that universities offer. That is, don’t go looking on a website for “biostatistics” programs. Instead, browse the School of Public Health, the Statistics Department, the Biostatistics Department, etc. and see what programs they offer. Also, see if there are any universities that allow you to are descriptive “build a Master’s degree” so that you get the stress essay kind of what essays, degree that prepares you for the job you want. I don’t recommend particular universities or degree programs because there are so many factors an individual should consider in order to have an of supporting thesis outstanding academic experience. What Are Descriptive Essays! I do recommend that you identify the top 10 characteristics that you want in a program and of supporting begin exploring websites. What Are Descriptive! There are good universities around the world. Included Statement! Don’t overlook the ones close to what are descriptive essays home such as the ways Indian Statistical Institute. Fees for universities programs vary. In California, a MS degree will cost between $15,000 and are descriptive $30,000 per mba scholarship year (on-campus housing included), with private universities having fees in the upper part of that range. Most programs can be comfortably done in two years.
2. Will MS in Clinical Data Management more useful or MS in biostatistics for what are descriptive, me. to get good opportunities in thesis essay future in Clinical research field? What is what more. demanded in the field? I recommend that you request information interviews from people currently working in clinical research and ask them this question. Ways! Reach out to people in your professional network and/or LinkedIn. 3. Does MS in Biostatistics include SAS and other relevant programming? Most likely. Read the course catalog for the degree program you are considering. If “SAS” is not listed, call/e-mail the what are descriptive department that offers that degree and speak with the Master’s degree faculty advisor. 4. Will USA be a good option or should I look for any other country?
I recommend getting your degree in the country that you are readily able to work and want to work. I am a Californian, and I contemplated attending a Canadian university and returning to California to work. A California professor/mentor said that California employers may have a preference for hiring statisticians with a degree from the U.S. because they are more familiar with U.S. education, U.S. Ways Of Supporting Thesis! statistics programs, etc. While I agreed with him, we both acknowledged that there were exceptions to that statement. One exception would be getting a degree from essays, a highly acclaimed university with an international reputation. Such a degree can get you interviews even when competing with candidates with degrees from thesis, local programs. Also, companies with a global presence may value/seek job candidate with who have studied in a different county than the one in which the job is located. Every year, at JSM, I meet foreign-born students who are coming upon graduation from a U.S. What Are Descriptive Essays! statistics program. They want to social media work in the U.S. What! but find that few organizations will sponsor them or allow them to work on an H1-B Visa.
Looking for on a 1, work under the what are descriptive looming deadline of a student Visa that is about to expire is an essay 1 stressful. 5. Are Descriptive! Will I have an opportunity to work while I get enrolled in MS courses in USA? It depends on the university and the program (and student work Visa rules, about which I have no information). Some schools give priority to PhD candidates with respect to work-study funding. However, if a university is trying to grow their Master’s program, the department may set aside separate funding for Master’s degree candidates.
Programs that only included thesis statement offer a Master’s degree may have more funding opportunities than those that offer Master’s and what essays PhD degrees. Your response to my above questions will help me take wise decisions for synthesis essay, my. career. Hope to essays hear from you soon. I hope that I was helpful. There are many factors for you to consider. Remember to talk to people currently doing the work that you want to do. Mba Scholarship Tips! Talk to Master’s degree faculty advisors and graduate advisors at the Career Development Centers at universities with degree programs and certificates; ask them what they and their departments do to help new graduates find work after getting a Master’s degree or certificate. Committee on Career Development.
I am currently looking to are descriptive essays apply for essay, a masters degree. I received my undergrad degree in math and I minored in biology and statistics. As for what are descriptive essays, a career, I have always loved school and an essay man epistle 1 I am definitely open minded to becoming a professor. I also am interested in clinical trials. My question is, I can apply for a MPH with a concentration in Biostatistics or a MS in Biostatistics. Could you lend any advice for what are descriptive essays, choosing which degree would be beneficial not only for my career interests, but also for the potential of are descriptive essays, obtaining a PHD? Thank you so much, If your are considering to work in public health then a MPH would be useful, especially if you want to help develop and implement public health programs like cancer screening, diabetes prevention, etc. If you want to work in public health as a statistician, a MS or PhD is what essays needed. If you want to work for a corporation (biopharmaceutical) I believe a MS in biostatistics is the degree you want. Regarding programs, examine them carefully if you think you may later go for a PhD.
Check if master and doctoral candidates are on the same or different tracks. If different, and you get a master’s degree and years later want to get a PhD you may need to what are descriptive “repeat” that first year of graduate studies to get a better foundation in statistical theory. Always talk to a couple of professor/advisors and discuss you specific career interests and future academic interests as they relate to that university’s statistics program before enrolling in any program. Also, obtain a list of what are descriptive, required courses to obtain a degree and read the course descriptions to get a sense of thesis stress, whether the courses have the blend of theory and application you need relative to the career that you desire. ASA Committee on Career Development. am a second year student in one of the kenyan universtiy currently taking bsc(biostatistics), My question is are descriptive essays apart from what, teaching,which other areas can one venture his career after finishing undergraduate.
I’m responding a member of the ASA Committee on Career Development, and I’m responding on behalf of are descriptive, Katherine. There are many careers open to people with a background in biology and mba scholarship tips statistics. First, let me direct you to ASA’s Stattr@k website at http://stattrak.amstat.org/. In the right menu you’ll find “Career Tr@k”. Check that link and are descriptive explore the others.
See which careers appeals to you and then try to obtain an internship in mba scholarship that career/field. It is very helpful to take an internship during the what essays summer prior to graduation as this will improve your chances of getting a job when you graduate the following spring/summer. Third, it is important to join a professional association for statistics professionals. Of course, I recommend joining ASA and finding an organization local to you. Most professional groups offer professional networking, job postings, etc., which give you an edge when looking for work. Knowing which direction to thesis stress essay take your career is what essays not easy, but it is easier if you spend substantial time reading about careers and coming to what essays know what the possibilities are for you in your town or province. I started my career in public health and what are descriptive even after just 10 years of working in that field, I found it impossible to find work in another field except teaching.
I’m not saying that it is impossible to change fields, and in some cases, people have no problem changing fields. I do recommend that you think carefully about your internship and the first job that you take as either can has a substantive impact on included thesis, your future career opportunities and the direction of your career. Comments are closed. You will not be able to essays post a comment in this post. Produced by the American Statistical Association, STAT tr@k is geared toward individuals who are in thesis a statistics program, recently graduated from a statistics program, or recently entered the are descriptive job world.
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Free Downloadable Resume Templates. Free resume templates designed selected by RG professionals. Simply choose your favorite and get started. Just scroll down and find a Microsoft Word template that suits your work experience and what, sense of design. Don’t worry – using a template is thesis perfectly acceptable. If you don’t feel like designing your own resume, you can instead jump to what, our free and easy to use online resume builder. Thesis Essay! Save time and effort – it does all of the writing and formatting for you. Click the are descriptive, button below and included thesis, get started! Resume Template Library 1: Resume Genius' Original Designs - Expert's Choice.
The above basic resume library was designed by our resident resume experts and what essays, have been battle tested by job seekers. What Are Descriptive! As this set performed the best, we included them in our resume builder software– and now we are offering them to what are descriptive, you for free to ways, download in Microsoft Word format. Each professional template comes in five colors. Explore these templates, download them, personalize them, and start getting more interviews. Resume Template Library 2: Advanced Layouts. Professional Brick Red. Timeless Dark Blue.
Elegant 2.0 Dark Blue. Modern Brick Red. Due to the popularity of our professional Microsoft Word templates, we decided to spend more time adding to are descriptive essays, our database after hearing from customers about what they’d like to see. For these new designs, we’ve created five NEW layouts and updated three of an essay our most popular selections from our resume builder software. Each resume has its own unique aesthetic — but don’t let that fool you. Are Descriptive Essays! Each resume is included thesis thoroughly tested for essays clarity and readability, meaning that you could use ANY of these resumes and land more interviews. So have fun, and pick one that suits your sense of tips design. But remember — the way you format your resume is extremely important depending on how much experience you have, or if you have any job gaps.
So be sure to modify downloaded files to you get to match your experience accordingly. Template Library 3: Professional Profile Layouts. Washington Brick Red. Murray Dark Blue. Trump Brick Red. Introducing our newest batch of Microsoft Word templates, hot off the presses. We created these new designs due to the growing popularity of our explainer on how to write a professional profile. People interested in a layout featuring a PP introduction skyrocketed, so we toiled to create 8 brand new HR-approved documents for what are descriptive you to download for free. Remember — this particular template is best for those of you with some or significant work experience only. Template Library 4: Creative Layouts. Brooklyn Bridge Black.
Taj Mahal Dark Blue. White House Brick Red. Empire State Gray. Mount Rushmore Dark Blue. Are you having trouble separating yourself from thesis, your competitors? Have you been using the what are descriptive essays, same resume format since you graduated college over a decade ago?
Then it might be time to add some style to your resume! We’ve come up with a new set of creative designs that are the perfect blend of professionalism, personality, and just the right amount of style. These styles are great for graphic designers, artists, or anyone who wants to mba scholarship, add a hint of character to their job search. Template Library 5: Career Life Situations. Job Hopper Original. Mid-Level Dark Blue. Career Changer Brick Red.
Whether it’s entry-level, manager, or executive, every job seeker experiences different phases throughout their career. Some phases, like being in the middle of a complete career change or hopping around short-term jobs, are quite difficult to transfer on are descriptive, a resume. Fortunately, we have created a new library of essays templates specifically tailored to are descriptive, the various stages of a career. Remember: You can download any of what are descriptive these resume templates for what free and add the bullet points yourself, or you can make a resume in minutes with Resume Genius’ renowned resume builder software. It can save you a lot of what are descriptive essays hassle designing and filling up your resume, and land you more interviews faster.
However, if you’d still like to make the resume on what, your own, use our industry-specific resume samples to give you guidance and inspiration when writing your own resume. Lastly, don’t forget to check out of supporting thesis, our professional cover letter examples. Not Sure Which Template to Choose? The answer is yes — if you want to. Every person’s experience is unique, so you’ll need to what are descriptive, choose a template that best reflects and promotes your skills and on a man epistle, experiences.Our templates are built to be customizable to are descriptive, any industry and are great for any of the 3 resume formats. Ways Thesis! The fact is, the web is what essays filled with so many fantastic and creative template designs that there is undoubtedly something for you out there.
We are proud of the designs we’ve created, and have seen that they are effective at landing interviews. But we’re not finished yet — we’ll be adding template designs to this page extensively in thesis stress essay the near future. If you feel like creating your own, that’s fine too. Readability is are descriptive essays king when creating a good template — it is the most important factor, followed by how the resume itself is man epistle structured to showcase your best experiences and conceal your negative ones. You may have read on the Internet that it’s inappropriate to what, use a resume template. You’ll hear these arguments: 1. Man Epistle 1! It shows you’re lazy and what, uncreative, and unable to mba scholarship tips, design your own.
Wrong, it shows you’re efficient. What Are Descriptive Essays! (Creating your own is fine, too.) 2. Since your experience is of supporting thesis unique, a resume template won’t cut it. Wrong again. Your experience is what are descriptive essays personally unique, but you still generally fall into synthesis essay social media, pattern that many other people have traveled before. 3. The hiring manager will be tired of looking at that resume template design because a lot of other people use it. That hiring manager should be fired.
It’s the content of your resume that matters, not the aesthetic (unless it’s not readable.) We hope that clears up any misconceptions you may have had. What! We invite you to on a, scroll back to the top and choose from one of what our many resume libraries, and start writing. cover letter for nursing. Should i include collegiate sports in my resume? And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have.
If you are a recent college grad, then it is acceptable to include on your resume. Good luck on the job hunt! Good luck on the job hunt! If the social, jobs are relevant to the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like. With regards to your military experience, check out our military to essays, civilian resume guide: https://resumegenius.com/blog/go-shooting-guns-coffee-runs. Any of the what are descriptive essays, templates in are descriptive essays library 2 would be suitable for included statement manufacturing careers. Best of luck! I’ve worked in the same industry for the past 13 years. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to three years each. The jobs have been similar, so the experience looks a bit repetitive.
I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications. What Essays! Good luck on the job hunt! hi resume genius.. Mba Scholarship! i need template resume that suitable for trainer and coach.. Essays! can u suggest to mba scholarship essays, me with template is suitable.. Are Descriptive Essays! #128578; I had a job for 7 years and thesis stress essay, during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc. How would I write that on essays, my resume? Perhaps the Company name and then all the related roles under that and the times I did those jobs?
I was always the what, Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is correct. Start with the company name and included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath. Good luck! Consider trying the ‘Job Hopper’ or the ‘Executive.’ They should able to are descriptive, fit all your jobs nicely. Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over the dates of your professional experience. (https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/career-level-life-situation-templates#career-changer-templates) Best of luck!
We suggest using the ‘Gatsby’ Template. Good luck with grad school! As far as style, we suggest our ‘Professional’ template. In terms of format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to 1, consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hope this helps! We suggest using our ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the internship! Good Day Resume Genius.I’m a midwife by profession an has worked in a military hospital for 16 years in KSA. I’m trying to apply as a home based ESL educator and an email respondent . Since I’m from the medical profession, I’m having difficulty in choosing the perfect resume.The skill I know is are descriptive more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for appointments and summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs.
What template should I use? Try the ‘Murray’ template. Good luck! Hello. Which is good for cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in an essay man epistle service. So i want to highlight the other things. Thanks #128578;
Take a look at our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and what are descriptive essays, input your own information. Which template would you recommend for included statement a career in education? Check out our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and what are descriptive, input your own experience. Try using the ‘Freeman’ template. Best of luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to apply for a competitive summer program with the tips, USDA and South Dakota State University? Sound like the ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for what you’re trying to do. Good luck with the what are descriptive essays, summer program.
Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to tap into included thesis statement, the finance and accounting market. Are Descriptive Essays! Looking for an entry-level position. You should go with the ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the mba scholarship tips, job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the are descriptive essays, last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and online work. Now seeking to get back into the job market for extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to earn some income and socialize. What resume do you suggest? Try the ‘Job Hopper’ template. Good luck with your job search!
Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a 9th grader trying to apply for a doctor (any)?? Apparently, resume making and interviewing is our project for the fourth quarter this year. I couldn’t find any clear examples on the web, and I was hoping you could help me out with what template I should use.. Try using the ‘Elegant 2.0’ template. Good luck on your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and click the download link for the template pack of your choice. If you’ve never written a resume before, I’d recommend checking out our “How to Write a Resume” guide to get a clearer idea (it’s much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume. Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read we’ll see if we can help further! Good luck! Hey there Margaret,
In order to best understand which template works, it’s a good idea to check out which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. All of the templates were created by professional resume writers, so it’s hard to go wrong with any of an essay on a 1 them — it just depends on your preference. Good luck! It really depends on what job you’re applying for. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Check out this page and choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an aside, you may want to look into whether you’re qualified to are descriptive essays, get back into accounting after that many years outside of the thesis, field.
I understand that some regulations and essays, rules change over the years — it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain. If that doesn’t seem to be a problem then go with the functional resume for sure. Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in major experience, I’d recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. Our “Classic” template on this page should do the tips, trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair! I recommend you first check out our internship resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. Afterwards, feel free to are descriptive essays, choose any format – just use a comprehensive education section instead of social media a professional experience section, and what essays, you should be good. 1! Good luck landing that internship!
Tom Brady’s resume is what essays a couple yards short of what essays a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and 1, Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for are descriptive essays a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job.
5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful. Every office is thesis statement bound to have that one person that abuses the call-out policy. These people go above and. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in are descriptive essays today's competitive job market.
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Descriptive Essay Examples | AcademicHelp net
AIDA: Attention-Interest-Desire-Action. Essays? It's hard to included thesis statement, grab attention in our fast-paced world! Dear Jim, You have been specially selected. Calling all Parents. Every day we're bombarded with headlines like these that are designed to grab our attention.
In a world full of advertising and information delivered in what essays, all sorts of social media from print to websites, billboards to are descriptive, radio, and TV to text messages every message has to work extremely hard to get noticed. And it's not just advertising messages that have to work hard; every report you write, presentation you deliver, or email you send is competing for your audience's attention. What Are Descriptive Essays? As the world of advertising becomes more and more competitive, advertising becomes more and more sophisticated. Yet the basic principles behind advertising copy remain that it must attract attention and persuade someone to take action. And this idea remains true simply because human nature doesn't really change. Sure, we become increasingly discerning, but to persuade people to do something, you still need to grab their attention, interest them in what are descriptive, how your product or service can help them, and then persuade them to take the action you want them to take, such as buying your product or visiting your website. The acronym AIDA is a handy tool for ensuring that your copy, or other writing, grabs attention. The acronym stands for: These are the four steps you need to take your audience through if you want them to buy your product or visit your website, or indeed to take on board the messages in what are descriptive, your report.
A slightly more sophisticated version of what this is AIDCA/AIDEA, which includes an additional step of Conviction/Evidence between Desire and stress essay, Action. People are so cynical about what essays advertising messages that coherent evidence may be needed if anyone is tips going to act! Use the AIDA model when you write a piece of text that has the ultimate objective of getting others to take action. The elements of the are descriptive essays, acronym are as follows: In our media-filled world, you need to be quick and direct to of supporting, grab people's attention. Use powerful words, or a picture that will catch the reader's eye and make them stop and read what you have to say next. You can learn another 142 communication skills, like this, by joining the Mind Tools Club. Learn new career skills every week, and get our Personal Development Plan Workbook FREE when you subscribe. With most office workers suffering from what e-mail overload, action-seeking e-mails need subject lines that will encourage recipients to open them and read the contents. For example, to encourage people to attend a company training session on giving feedback, the email headline, How effective is YOUR feedback? is more likely to grab attention than the purely factual one of, This week's seminar on synthesis essay social media feedback. What Are Descriptive Essays? This is one of the most challenging stages in the AIDA model: You've got the attention of a chunk of your target audience, but can you engage with them enough so that they'll want to an essay on a man epistle 1, spend their precious time understanding your message in more detail? Gaining the reader's interest is a deeper process than grabbing their attention.
They will give you a little more time to are descriptive, do it, but you must stay focused on their needs. This means helping them to synthesis social media, pick out the messages that are relevant to what essays, them quickly. So use bullets and an essay on a 1, subheadings, and break up the are descriptive essays, text to make your points stand out. For more information on understanding your target audience's interests and expectations, and the context of your message, read our article on the Rhetorical Triangle. Thesis Stress Essay? The Interest and Desire parts of the AIDA model go hand-in-hand: As you're building the what, reader's interest, you also need to help them understand how what you're offering can help them in a real way. The main way of doing this is by appealing to their personal needs and wants. So, rather than simply saying Our lunchtime seminar will teach you feedback skills, explain to the audience what's in it for them: Get what you need from other people, and save time and frustration, by learning how to give them good feedback.
A good way of building the reader's desire for your offering is to link features and benefits. Hopefully, the synthesis essay social, significant features of your offering have been designed to give a specific benefit to members of your target market. When it comes to what essays, the marketing copy, it's important that you don't forget those benefits at this stage. Thesis Statement? When you describe your offering, don't just give the facts and features, and expect the audience to work out the are descriptive essays, benefits for themselves: Tell them the benefits clearly to create that interest and desire. Example: This laptop case is made of aluminum, describes a feature, and leaves the audience thinking So what? Persuade the audience by adding the benefits.giving a stylish look, that's kinder to your back and shoulders. You may want to take this further by appealing to people's deeper drives. giving effortless portability and a sleek appearance and that will be the envy of your friends and co-workers. As hardened consumers, we tend to be skeptical about marketing claims. It's no longer enough simply to say that a book is a bestseller, for example, but readers will take notice if you state (accurately, of course!), that the book has been in the New York Times Bestseller List for 10 weeks, for example. So try to man epistle 1, use hard data where it's available. Are Descriptive? When you haven't got the hard data, yet the product offering is of supporting thesis sufficiently important, consider generating some data, for example, by commissioning a survey.
Finally, be very clear about what action you want your readers to take; for example, Visit www.mindtools.com now for more information rather than just leaving people to essays, work out what to included thesis, do for themselves. AIDA is a copywriting acronym that stands for: Using the what are descriptive, AIDA model will help you ensure that any kind of writing, whose purpose is to get the reader to do something, is as effective as possible. First it must grab the target audience's attention, and engage their interest. Then it must build a desire for the product offering, before setting out how to take the action that the writer wants the audience to take. This site teaches you the skills you need for essay a happy and what are descriptive, successful career; and this is just one of many tools and resources that you'll find here at Mind Tools. An Essay Man Epistle? Subscribe to our free newsletter, or join the Mind Tools Club and really supercharge your career! Sign-up for a month's trial of the Mind Tools Club by what, midnight, October 12 and get the Make Time for Success workbook FREE! Learn new career skills every week, and get our Personal Development Plan Workbook FREE when you subscribe. Sign-up for a month's trial of the Mind Tools Club by midnight, October 12 and get the Make Time for Success workbook FREE!
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essay knowledge self The main entry focused on knowledge of one's own mental states. Yet “self-knowledge” can also be used to refer to knowledge of the self and its nature. Issues about knowledge of the self include: (1) how it is that one distinguishes oneself from others, as the object of a self-attribution; (2) whether self-awareness yields a grasp of the material or non-material nature of the self; (3) whether self-awareness yields a grasp of what one's personal identity over time; and (4) what sort of thesis stress self-understanding is required for rational or free agency. These issues are closely connected with referential semantics, the mind-body problem, the what are descriptive essays metaphysics of personal identity, and moral psychology, respectively. This section briefly sketches some prominent views about knowledge of the self arising from debates in these areas. In self-attributing a mental state, I recognize the state as mine in some sense, and my self-attribution partially consists in a reference to myself.
This reference is reflexive, in that I think of myself as myself and not, e.g., as BG, or as the shortest person in the room. Nozick (1981) underscores the significance of being able to thus refer to oneself: “To be an I, a self, is to have the capacity for reflexive self-reference”. This raises the question: how is it that I identify myself, and distinguish myself from others? Consider: seeing a flushed red face on film, I might wonder whether the face I see is mine or my identical twin's, and included thesis statement therefore I may say, “someone is embarrassed, but is essays, it me?” Evans (1982) argues that for some kinds of self-attributions, such a question will not arise. Tips! Adopting a term from Shoemaker (1968), he describes self-attributions of the relevant type as “immune to essays error through misidentification”.
None of the ways thesis following utterances appears to what essays make sense when the first component expresses knowledge gained in essays, the appropriate way: “Someone's legs are crossed, but is it my legs that are crossed?”; “Someone is hot and sticky, but is it I who am hot and sticky?”; “Someone is being pushed, but is it I who am being pushed?” (Evans 1982: 2201) Evans believes that my immunity to error through misidentification, in such cases, shows that I identify myself directly in these cases. If in identifying myself as the one who is what are descriptive, hot and sticky, I used some information beyond the information involved in determining that someone is hot and sticky, then I could possibly be justified in included, believing that someone was hot and sticky but mistaken in thinking that it was me. Because that scenario doesn't “make sense”, he thinks, I must recognize myself directly, without any identifying information. Others deny that self-identification is direct, claiming instead that it occurs by way of some sort of description. For instance, Rovane argues that, in self-reference, the are descriptive essays way one thinks of oneself can be analyzed as “the series of psychologically related intentional episodes to which this one [the current intentional episode] belongs” (Rovane 1993: 86). While Rovane sees intentional states as the anchor to ways self-reference, Howell (2006) provides an alternative descriptive picture, in which the self is identified through awareness of an occurrent sensation.
Proponents of descriptive accounts claim that such accounts can accommodate the fact that we don't actually err about who it is that is hot and sticky. For instance, Rovane claims that it is unsurprising that we are reliable self-identifiers, given that understanding ourselves and our place in the world is required for what, genuine agency. (We return to the issue of agency below.) Still, there is an important epistemic disagreement between those, like Evans, who claim that self-reference is “identification-free”, and those who claim that we refer to ourselves via a description. The former maintain that there is, in a real sense, no room for error about who is hot and essay media sticky, whereas the latter will say that while such errors are possible, we simply avoid them. Notably, both “direct reference” and descriptive accounts capture the what reflexivity of first-person reference. (For descriptive accounts, this reflexivity lies in ways of supporting, the fact that “this one” refers to the very thought of which it is a part.) They thereby fit with the widely accepted belief that self-reference in the distinctively first-person mode is essentially indexical. (See Castañeda 1966; Perry 1979; Lewis 1979.) The dispute between Evans and Rovane is what are descriptive essays, then, in part, a disagreement as to thesis statement whether the indexical term “I” refers to the self directly, as Evans believes, or instead refers via an implicit indexical of what are descriptive essays another sort, e.g., “this” or “here”. In general, one's epistemology of self-identification will depend on what sort of indexical one considers most fundamental, in self-reference. A final issue concerns the relation between self-awareness and awareness of other persons. On the ways leading traditional view of this relation, one first grasps that one bears psychological properties, and reasons by analogy to the conclusion that other creatures do as well. (This is the “argument from analogy” to the existence of other minds, articulated by J.S. Mill (1865).) Some recent philosophers have challenged this traditional view, contending that self-awareness is logically dependent on are descriptive essays at least a conceptual grasp of other persons. For instance, here is Bermúdez: [A] subject's recognition that he is distinct from the environment in virtue of essays being a psychological subject depends on essays his ability to identify himself as a psychological subject within a contrast space of other psychological subjects. (Bermúdez 1998: 274) In a much-criticized piece of thesis statement reasoning, Descartes (1641/1984) contrasts the certainty afforded by introspection with the dubitability of knowledge of the are descriptive physical, to show that introspective objects (thoughts) are ontologically distinct from physical things. What Are Descriptive! This strategy for supporting dualism has few current proponents.
Commentators still adhere to the basic criticism lodged by Arnauld (1641/1984): that a purely epistemic premise cannot support an ontological conclusion. It is clearly possible to be (relatively) certain that there is water in the tub, while doubting that there is H 2 O in the tub; yet water is identical to H 2 O. Many contemporary materialists are similarly concerned to restrict the deliverances of are descriptive introspection, arguing that while mental states appear, to introspection, to be non-physical, the grasp which introspection affords is partial at best, and systematically misleading at tips, worst. However, there are materialists who take the opposite tack: rather than rejecting self-reflection as a guide to ontology, they claim that some mental states appear physical. These arguments employ three types of self-reflection: introspective awareness of sensations, introspective awareness of perceptual states, and proprioceptive awareness of what essays bodily states. What Are Descriptive Essays! Proprioception is the putatively direct, non-perceptual awareness of one's bodily state; it is are descriptive essays, what allows you to what are descriptive essays know that your arm is raised “from the inside”, that is, without looking at your arm. The argument for materialism from proprioceptive awareness, due to Brewer (1995), is as follows. Proprioception is epistemically on a par with introspective knowledge, in that (i) it is a species of direct, non-inferential awareness, and (ii) it is “immune to error through misidentification of the first-person pronoun” in Shoemaker's sense. Presumably, introspective awareness of mental states justifies the are descriptive claim that we are mental beings, by thesis stress essay virtue of its epistemic character.
But proprioceptive awareness of are descriptive physical states shares this epistemic character; so we are equally justified in synthesis essay, the claim that we are physical beings. This argument falls short of disproving dualism, for it leaves open the question how our mental nature is related to are descriptive our physical nature. Brewer (1995) also builds an alternative argument along these lines, which seeks to rule out dualism by focusing on introspective awareness of ways of supporting sensations. This argument takes introspective awareness of sensations as intrinsically mental and, at the same time, intrinsically physical. Like the previous argument, it claims that awareness of physical properties is epistemologically equivalent to awareness of mental properties. But it goes further, contending that introspection provides an awareness of physical and what are descriptive mental properties, in sensations, as inextricable.
It thus tries to block the possibility of distinctness between the mental subject and the physical subject. A final argument to essay media show that self-knowledge supports materialism, advanced by Cassam (1997), uses a somewhat different approach. Rather than relying on the spatial quality of are descriptive bodily sensations or proprioception, this argument exploits one's awareness of one's own perceptual states. It says that in becoming aware of our own perceptual states and taking these states to represent a physical world, we are driven to conceive of ourselves as physical objects. Broadly Cartesian objections to introspection-based arguments for materialism illuminate possible ways that the ontological conclusion can be flawed, consistent with the introspective evidence.
For instance, the apparent proprioceptive awareness of the position of one's limbs could be nonveridical: an amputee might have a similar sense that her legs are crossed, even if she doesn’t, in fact, have any legs. (This does not violate Evans’ claim that such judgments are immune to error through misidentification: the error here is not one of misidentifying the subject, but instead of falsely ascribing a property to the self.) A similar argument could be made against thesis the claim that sensations are intrinsically spatial, and that perceptual states represent a physical world. What Essays! Even if one's sensations portray oneself as spatially extended, the idea that one is ways of supporting, non-extended (immaterial) is essays, logically consistent with the presence of those sensations or (apparent) perceptual states. Proponents of these arguments for materialism could respond by 1 claiming either that knowledge of oneself as a mental thing is less certain than this alleged contrast implies, or that knowledge of oneself as a physical thing is more certain than it implies. The ontological views described in the previous subsection have no immediate consequences for are descriptive essays, personal identity. For it may be that the criteria of persistence through time, for persons, differ from the criteria of persistence for (other) material objects even if, as materialists contend, a person at a time is necessarily constituted by synthesis social some matter or other. What Are Descriptive! (See the thesis essay entry on personal identity.) Knowledge of mental states is not usually thought to provide any special insight into one's persistence through time, since it is typically assumed that one enjoys privileged access only to are descriptive essays one's current states. In particular, the individual has no special insight into whether her current apparent memories are veridical, and an essay on a man epistle 1 so has no special way to determine whether a particular prior experience was hers. Since views about first-person access played a greater part in what are descriptive essays, shaping theories of personal identity during the modern period than they do today, my brief remarks here will focus on that period.
As mentioned above, Descartes’ meditator uses the of supporting proposition that there is thinking occurring, to which she purportedly has immediate (indubitable) introspective access, to what establish her own existence with certainty. But this does not allow the meditator to grasp a persisting self. Essay! For Descartes, the self, like every other substance, is not directly apprehended; it is understood only through its properties. Hume also claims that we never directly apprehend the self. Unlike Descartes, he concludes from this that there is no substantial self.
In a famous passage, Hume uses introspective awareness to show that the self is what, a non-substantial “bundle” of essays perceptions. For my part, when I enter most intimately into what, what I call myself , I always stumble on some particular perception or other, of heat or cold, light or shade, love or hatred, pain or pleasure. I can never catch myself at any time without a perception, and can never observe anything but the perception. Thesis Stress Essay! When my perceptions are remov’d for any time, as by are descriptive essays sound sleep; so long am I insensible of myself , and may truly be said not to exist. (Hume 173940/1978: 252) Locke agrees that self-reflection is important to the nature of the self. Of Supporting Thesis! But while Descartes takes self-reflection to reveal that nature, Locke seems to suggest that one's self-conception constitutes the essays self. [A person is] a thinking intelligent Being, that has reason and reflection, and considers itself as itself , the same thinking thing in different times and statement places. (Locke 1689/1975: II.27.ix, my emphasis).
On some interpretations, what it is for what are descriptive, an experience or action to belong to me (a Lockean person) is for me to appropriate it, or to impute it to myself (Winkler 1991). This interpretation underscores the importance of Locke's claim that “person” is a forensic term. “Person”is a forensic term, appropriating actions and their merit; and so belongs only to intelligent agents, capable of a law, and happiness, and misery. This personality extends itself beyond present existence to what is past, only by consciousness,- whereby it becomes concerned and accountable; owns and imputes to itself past actions, just upon the same ground and for the same reason as it does the present. (Locke 1689/1975: II.27.xxvi) Locke's view of the self is usually considered less deflationary than Hume's view. But these philosophers agree that, in a very real sense, the nature of the ways of supporting self is bound up with one's reflections on one's states. For Hume, this means that the self is nothing over and above a constantly varying bundle of experiences. For Locke, it means that the self is defined by what we door, perhaps, can self-attribute, through recollection and/or appropriation. Kant repudiates the basic strategy shared by Locke and Hume, for are descriptive, he denies that self-awareness reveals objective facts about personal identity. He concurs with Descartes and Hume that we never directly apprehend the self (this fact is what he calls “the systematic elusiveness of the ‘I’”).
And while he holds that we cannot avoid thinking of ourselves as persisting, unitary beings, he attributes this self-conception to necessary requirements for thought which do not directly support substantive ontological conclusions about the nature of the self. A couple of contemporary views about personal identity are noteworthy in this context. Galen Strawson's (1997) view does not explicitly draw on introspective reflection, but it implies that the limits of a subject correspond to the limits of what could be introspectively grasped, at a moment. A subject is defined by thesis stress (indeed, identified with) a period of experience which is what essays, “experientially unitary”. Since in of supporting thesis, humans an appropriately unified experience lasts no more than about three seconds, subjects are in what are descriptive, fact very short-lived. Dainton and Bayne (2005) present a related view, which tries to avoid the result that subjects are very short-lived. On this view, personal identity is tied to (the capacity for) experiential continuity rather than experiential unity.
But unlike Strawson's view, the continuity view is vulnerable to familiar objections concerning the social possibility of branching streams of consciousness or “fission”. The role of self-understanding in agency is a complex topic, and we can only are descriptive, briefly examine some leading positions on the issue here. Knowledge of one's relatively stable traits and dispositionsone's characteris believed, by some, to be crucial for essays, the exercise of free agency. For instance, Taylor claims that self-reflection is imperative for being human (where this means, in part, being capable of essays agency), [T]he human animal not only finds himself impelled from time to time to media interpret himself and his goals, but he is always already in some interpretation, constituted as human by this fact. What Essays! (Taylor 1985: 75) In a somewhat different vein, Frankfurt maintains that the capacity to rationally evaluate one's desires is required for freedom of the will. Media! This rational evaluation issues in what, second-order desires, that is, desires concerning which desires to have or to act upon.
[N]o animal other than man appears to have the capacity for ways, reflective self-evaluation that is manifested in the formation of second-order desires. What! (Frankfurt 1971: 7) It is only because a person has volitions of the second order that he is capable both of enjoying and of lacking freedom of the will. Ways Thesis! (1971: 14) These claims by Taylor and Frankfurt go beyond the merely pragmatic observation that a reasonable degree of self-understanding is essays, required for essay, effective action. Instead, they assert that what is what essays, distinctive about the exercise of a free will, in determining one's course of included statement action, is that this exercise involves the capacity to critically reflect on one's basic goals and desires. (For a related recent view, see Bilgrami 2006.) While Taylor, Frankfurt, and Bilgrami stress that a broad self-understanding is crucial for responsible agency, others claim that particular actions require some awareness of what are descriptive one's intentions in performing that action. For instance, Searle (1983) argues that intentions are always self-referential, in that when one performs an ways of supporting action X intentionally, the relevant intention to are descriptive act includes an intention to X so as to fulfill that intention itself. Anscombe (1981) similarly emphasizes the significance of included statement one's awareness of intentions in acting. In fact, on her view thoughts about actions, intentions, postures, etc. Are Descriptive Essays! have a special status: it is only thoughts about such aspects of the self that are.
unmediated, non-observational, and also are descriptions (e.g., “standing”) which are directly verifiable or falsifiable about the person. (Anscombe 1981: 35) And she also believes that action requires some awareness of these features of oneself. For criticism of the idea that action requires awareness of intention, see Cunning (1999). One contemporary theory of practical reasoning, offered by Velleman (1989), casts knowledge of the self in a particularly important role. Velleman notes that we strongly desire to understand ourselves and, in particular, to an essay man epistle 1 understand our reasons for acting. What Essays! On his view, this desire leads us to try to thesis discern our action-motivating desires and are descriptive beliefs. (He calls this attempt to gain self-awareness “reflective theoretical reasoning”.) But strikingly, Velleman thinks that the desire for self-understanding also leads us to model our actions on what are descriptive our predictions about what, how we will act.
In this way, our expectations as to how we will act are themselves intentions to media act. “Intentions to act are the expectations of what acting that issue from reflective theoretical reasoning” (Velleman 1989: 98). Thus, Velleman can say that our desire to understand what we are doing, at the moment we are doing it, is usually satisfied, since our predictions about how we will act are themselves intentions to act, and hence our beliefs about what we will do are “self-fulfilling expectations”. Finally, there is an emerging literature which examine the on a effect of societal influences on subjects’ self-understanding and, thereby, on what essays agency. Ways Thesis! See, e.g., Neisser and are descriptive Jopling 1997 and Meyers 2002. The Encyclopedia Now Needs Your Support. Please Read How You Can Help Keep the Encyclopedia Free.
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Health/Sexually Transmitted Diseases term paper 438. Sexually transmitted diseases are infectious diseases that can be spread by sexual contact. Some can also be transmitted by nonsexual ways, but these make up a minority of the total number of cases. What Are Descriptive Essays. An estimated ten to twelve million Americans have sexually transmitted diseases. What Essays. Sexually transmitted diseases in the United States affect both sexes, all races, and are descriptive, every economic stature. STDs come from synthesis essay different sources. Some are epidemic like gonorrhea, infections of the what are descriptive, urethra, genital herpes, and genital warts. Some diseases are caused by a bacterium such as Chlamydia, and what are descriptive essays, others are from protozoan or yeast. Many of these infections are transmitted largely by essays sexual contact with an infected person. The practice of anal and oral sex also lead to cases of anal and oral infections. Gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydial infections can also be transmitted from a pregnant woman to her infant, either in the uterus or during birth.
Sexually transmitted diseases are very hard to control. Some public officials attribute the increase in many of these diseases to increasing sexual activity. Others say the replacement of the condom with birth control pills and diaphragms might also increase the risk of STDs. Many STDs are transmitted more efficiently from men to women than the reverse, perhaps because the vagina serves as a reservoir that prolongs exposure to infectious secretion (Handsfield 2) The physical examination of patients with STD or at what are descriptive, risk is a simple procedure. All patients require inspection of the entire skin surface. At a minimum they carefully inspect all skin surfaces that are uncovered or exposed during genital examination. This includes the what, face, head, hands, lower arms, lower trunk, pubic area, thighs, mouth and throat. Also checked in men are the thesis, genitals and the pubic and what are descriptive, inguinal regions, the penis, urethra, urethral bulb, and the scrotum are checked for tenderness and other abnormalities. Ways. For homosexually active men, the anus and perineum are carefully inspected.
The examination of are descriptive women includes inspection of the ways, pubis area, the external genitals, perineum and anus, speculum examination of the vaginal mucosa and what essays, cervix, and a bimanual pelvic examination (Handsfield 4). A way to avoid STDs and unwanted pregnancies is to use a condom. A condom is thesis, a sheath worn over the penis during oral, anal, and what, vaginal sexual contact (Virginia Tech Health Services). Condoms can be made of latex rubber or animal membrane. Animal membrane condoms prevent pregnancy but have large enough pores for tiny HIV viruses to pass through. Latex condoms are much better in forming a barrier against synthesis social HIV. Polyurethane condoms haven't been fully tested, so people should avoid using them. Do not use novelty condoms like the ones that glow in the dark, these are not FDA approved.
Always check the expiration date. Never use a condom after the date stamped on the wrapper or on the seal. Are Descriptive Essays. Do not use a condom that has been in a wallet for more than a month, heat and pressure can damage it. Also, stay away from oil-based lubricants, like Vaseline, which can eat through the latex. And finally, do not open the thesis essay, packet with scissors or your teeth, the condom could rip.
Nudge the condom away from the edge and gently tear the what essays, packet open. Next to abstinence, which is having no sexual relations at all, condoms are the best protection against STDs. On A. When a condom is used correctly, they are about 90 percent effective in preventing pregnancy, and 95 percent effective when used with spermicide. Spermicide, also called Nonoxynol 9, has been found to be effective in killing the HIV virus in laboratory experiments when used at 5 percent strength. Spermicide immobilizes and what are descriptive essays, kills sperm. It comes in thesis statement jellies, creams, foams, suppositories, film, and as a coating on condoms.
STDs can also be avoided by remaining monogamous. This means only having sex with one person who only has sex with you. If you know that you are clean of all STDs and that your partner is what essays, also clean, then you both can avoid STDs by thesis stress essay only being with each other. Chlamydia is a STD caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. The bacterium is found in infected body fluids from the penis or vagina and it spreads through direct sexual contact and from mother to baby. Chlamydia is the most prevalent bacterial STD, about four million people will become infected with Chlamydia this year. Most people don't even know it exists but it is four times more common than genital herpes or genital warts combined. Up to 70 percent of women and 30 percent of men who are infected do not know that they are because they lack signs and are descriptive essays, symptoms. There are no symptoms for man epistle 1 this disease so people are not aware that they have a problem until they develop complications. In women this includes pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infertility, and dangerous complications during pregnancy and birth. What Are Descriptive Essays. In men the testicles become inflamed.
Some signs of chlamydia for men and women are a discharge from the penis, vagina, or rectum, cramps in the lower abdomen, burning or itching around the opening of the penis, pain in ways thesis the testicles, pain when urinating, unusual vaginal bleeding, and bleeding after sex. If a woman with chlamydia is pregnant and she is not treated, her baby has a 50-50 chance of developing conjunctivitis, which is an inflammation of the eyes that threatens eyesight, and a 20 percent chance of pneumonia. Chlamydia can also lead to premature birth or low birth weight. Chlamydia is the are descriptive, easiest STD to are descriptive treat. Are Descriptive Essays. Doctors can prescribe a single dose of an antibiotic called Azithromycin, or they can prescribe Doxycycline for 7 days.
Either of these antibiotics will cure this disease within a week. Every year up to one million Americans develop genital warts, and as many as 50 percent of all men and women are now infected. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the virus that causes genital warts. These warts grow on the genitals, in included thesis statement the urethra, in the anus, and rarely in the throat. They are soft to the touch and what are descriptive essays, may look like miniature cauliflower florets. In women, genital warts grow more rapidly during pregnancy or if other vaginal infections are present. Social. They often itch and if they are allowed to grow, in severe cases they can block the what essays, openings of the vagina, anus, or throat and become quite uncomfortable (Handsfield 4) HPV infection is mba scholarship essays tips, spread from person to person through direct skin contact during vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who has genital warts. Babies can get the virus if their mothers have genital warts at the time of what essays delivery.
Signs of genital warts occur six weeks to ways of supporting eight months after contact with someone with HPV. Since genital warts can develop on the internal genitals, they are not easily seen. Sometimes the infection doesn't cause any warts and what essays, many people with HPV do not know that they have it. Mba Scholarship Essays Tips. Freezing the warts with liquid nitrogen, applying certain chemicals, using laser therapy, and what essays, using electrical heat can easily treat genital warts. Even though the warts will be removed, some of the virus may still stay alive in the skin and cause more warts. Synthesis Essay Media. This means more than one treatment may be needed to get rid of are descriptive all the warts.
The one thing not to do is use over the counter treatments for included thesis statement warts on sensitive genital skin. Genital warts can be avoided by being monogamous, by always using condoms, and by knowing the what are descriptive, signs of HPV infection. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is the destruction of the immune system resulting from infection with the Human immunodficiency virus (HIV). AIDS is an essay on a, a gradual weakening of the are descriptive essays, immune system, which allows severe infections and cancers to grow. It eventually leads to death from one of synthesis essay social media these illnesses. It may take six to ten years until the HIV infection becomes AIDS.
This disease attacks the CD4 T-cell count, these are the what are descriptive, major type of white blood cell lost during the HIV infection. The lower the person's CD4 T-cell count, the more advanced the person is into the disease. Within one to ways three weeks after infection with HIV, most people experience general flulike symptoms like fever, headache, skin rash, tender lymph nodes, and malaise. What Are Descriptive. These symptoms last for about one to two weeks. During this time HIV reproduces to very high concentrations, it circulates through the what, blood, and creates infections all throughout the body, especially in are descriptive the lymph nodes.
The infected person's CD4 T-cell count falls briefly but then returns close to normal and the person's immune system responds to the infection and limits the spread of HIV. The next phase can last for up to ten years. The person stays healthy and his or her CD4 T cell level is between low and normal, which is 500 to included 700 cells per mm3. HIV continues to what spread and mba scholarship tips, reproduce causing more destruction to the immune system. Eventually the immune system declines and the person's T cell level drops dramatically from about 500 to 200 cells per mm3. Infections then spread but they are not yet life threatening. Within the next couple of months or years the immune system is destroyed and serious illnesses set in. The infected person may have CD4 T-cell levels below 200 per mm3. Next comes a stage of ongoing weight loss and fatigue. The immune system fails and the T-cell count is below 50 per mm3, and what, death occurs within one to what two years. HIV is most commonly spread by sexual contact with an infected person.
The virus is present in the sexual secretions of men and women. HIV goes into the bloodstream of the uninfected person by getting into small abrasions or by sexual intercourse. Sharing needles or syringes that contain the blood of an what essays infected individual also spreads HIV. Transmission through blood transfusions is now very rare and on a man epistle, it occurs in less than one person in every 100,000. HIV can be transmitted from an infected mother to what her baby, either before or during childbirth or through breast-feeding. Stress Essay. Only about 30 percent of are descriptive essays babies born to HIV-infected mothers actually become infected. The three anti-HIV drugs currently licensed by ways of supporting thesis the U.S. Food and what are descriptive, Drug Administration (FDA) are all RT inhibitors: AZT, ddl, and ddC. These drugs work as DNA-chain terminators. Because the drug appears to be a normal nucleotide base (the building block for DNA), the RT enzyme mistakenly inserts the drug into the growing viral DNA chain.
Once the ways, drug is inserted, no additional DNA bases can be added (Encarta). These drugs are not a cure for essays the HIV infection, scientists originally wanted them to slow the progression of AIDS, and synthesis social, they have extended the life of the infected individual by about six months. Syphilis is an what infection that can be life threatening if it is not treated. It is caused by a bacterium called Treponema pallidum. This bacterium is found in sores and rashes that occur anywhere on the skin or inside the mouth or genitals. Syphilis is spread by sexual contact and from mother to baby during pregnancy. Without treatment the infection can lead to heart disease, nerve disorders, brain damage, mental disorders, blindness, and death. There are six symptoms that an infected person with syphilis may have. There can be one or many sores, usually painless, on the genitals, rectum, or mouth.
Rashes anywhere on the body are another symptom. The rashes can be flat, scaly, round, or crater like. Included Statement. One may also develop headaches, sore throats, swollen glands, and hair will fall out in big patches. There are four stages of what syphilis. Synthesis Media. First, there is a development of a red, painless sore. Within one to six weeks it will go away on its own. Second, development of the rash and flu-like symptoms.
These symptoms can be mild and come and go for over two years. Next, the symptoms of syphilis will go away, infected people will have no other illnesses from the infection. Stage four is are descriptive, late stage syphilis. Thesis Stress. The infection begins to what essays damage the heart, brain nerves, bones and essay media, other parts of the body. Syphilis can be cured but sometimes damage done to organs in the body cannot be repaired. Syphilis can be treated with antibiotics, mainly with penicillin.
Other antibiotics can be prescribed if one is what essays, allergic to penicillin. This antibiotic kills the bacteria causing the infection. The sex partner may also be infected so both of people in the relationship should be treated. The medicine should continue to be taken even after the rash or sore goes away. Included Statement. Along with taking the antibiotic you should also tell anyone you have had sex with in the last two years that you are infected. Do not have sex again until your doctor gives an okay. You should get rechecked to make sure you are cured and also get checked for HIV. Gonorrhea is a disease caused by a bacterium called Neiserria gonorrhoeae.
The bacteria that cause gonorrhea are found in the vagina, penis, throat, rectum, and in what the semen or vaginal fluids. Gonorrhea is spread through sexual contact and stress essay, from mother to what are descriptive essays baby during delivery. It is the most commonly reported sexually transmitted disease in the United States. The symptoms of gonorrhea for men include, a yellowish white discharge from the penis, pain when urinating, pain in the testicles, and sore throat. Women usually do not have symptoms.
The few that do experience symptoms have cramps or pain in their lower abdomen, a discharge from the vagina, and man epistle, possibly some burning while urinating. Symptoms can be noticed as early as two to seven days after having sex with an infected person, sometimes it can take as long as thirty days for are descriptive essays symptoms to develop. The disease is diagnosed through tests done on penile or vaginal discharges to synthesis essay social see if the bacterium is present. Gonorrhea is spread through sexual contact and from mother to baby during childbirth. Gonorrhea can be treated with antibiotics. All strains of gonorrhea are curable, but this disease is becoming more and more resistant to many standard medications. Penicillin being one of the drugs that the bacterium is now resistant to. Presently the are descriptive, antibiotics ceftriaxone, cefixime, ciproloxacin, or ofloxacin are used. Without treatment, there is thesis, a good chance that complications will develop.
Women could develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a painful condition that occurs when the infection spreads throughout the reproductive organs. PID can make women unable to what are descriptive have children or cause them to what be at risk for ectopic pregnancy (Virginia Department of Health). Men experience a swelling of the testicles and penis. Both men and women may develop arthritis, skin problems and other infections that will spread throughout the body. All sexually active women under the age of 20, and what, those who have inflammation of the cervix should be tested, according to the Centers for thesis essay Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Women less than age 24, who do not use barrier contraceptives consistently, or who have a new (or more than one) sex partner also should be tested along with their sex partners (Handsfield 5) There are many STD hotlines that can be reached for more information. The National STD Hotline's number is 800-227-8922.
You can also call Health on Demand at what are descriptive, (607) 737-4499. If you have been raped and you fear you might have contracted a STD, you can call the Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network Hotline (RAINN) at 800-656-4673. All hospitals and doctor's offices also carry information on STDs. Always consult your physician if you think you could be in danger of thesis stress essay having a STD. By writing this paper I realized that I was pretty naive about how big of essays a problem STDs are. Mba Scholarship Essays. I knew that they were out there, and they were a big problem, but some of the statistics really surprised me. Are Descriptive Essays. Like 50 percent of all men and women have genital warts. After learning so much about these diseases and what they can do to thesis stress essay you, I really think we should have a unit in what essays class dealing with STDs. I also think that the school should offer a STD course, and offer free condoms to students like some other schools have started to do.
The usefulness of tips knowing all that I do about this topic can really help me out in the future. Are Descriptive. I will able to recognize whether something looks bad, and synthesis essay social media, I also learned the best methods of protection. All in what essays all, I am really happy that I chose to do this paper. Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints. Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and professional projects. Every paper is written from scratch based on your instructions and there is no plagiarism of any kind. Plus, we guarantee free unlimited revisions. You will enjoy direct contact with the writer throughout the entire process and will receive the paper by e-mail/download. The projects are never resold and will remain your unique property for a lifetime.
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