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araby essays Sample Essays Analyzing James Joyce's Short Story Araby The content consists of brief but condensations of the action of the story. Stress. The content tells your reader what happens. Remember that you cannot relate all the action. Your outline willhelp you select only those points necessary to your reader's understanding of your interpretation of the an essay about english work. Study the summary essay below to discover its organization. Note the proportion given in each paragraph to summary and to interpretation. Theintroduction identifies the work and the author. Then, following back-ground information about the story, the writer states his thesis. In the bodyof the essay, each topic sentence points to a specific block of action or adevelopment in thesis stress essay the story.
The content of each paragraph is devoted to thesis statement, asummary of a selected block of action, and the last sentence of each para-graph evaluates and interprets the action described. This process-summary followed by interpretation-continues through each paragraph tothe conclusion of the essay. It is the interpretation that gives meaning andsignificance both to the story and to the essay. Essay. In the essay that follows, note the use of quotations and how each aids understanding and about english imparts asense of the style and manner of the work. James Joyce's Araby: Summary of an Epiphany. Each of the fifteen stories in thesis essay James Joyce's Dubliners presents aflat, rather spatial portrait. The visual and symbolic details embeddedin each story, however, are highly concentrated, and each story culmi-nates in an essay english an epiphany. In Joycean terms, an epiphany is a momentwhen the essence of a character is revealed , when all the forces thatbear on his life converge, and we can, in that instant, understand him.Each story in essay the collection is centered in an epiphany, and eachstory is concerned with some failure or deception, which results in re-alization and essay prompts disillusionment.
Araby follows this pattern. Themeaning is revealed in thesis stress a young boy's psychic journey from first love to despair and disappointment, and how to chinse the theme is stress essay, found in the boy'sdiscovery of the discrepancy between the real and the ideal in life. The story opens with a description of North Richmond Street, ablind, cold . Intellectual Thesis. .. silent street where the houses gazed at one an-other with brown imperturbable faces. It is a street of fixed, decaying conformity and false piety. The boy's house contains the samesense of a dead present and a lost past. The former tenant, a priest,died in the back room of the house, and his legacy-several old yel-lowed books, which the boy enjoys leafing through because they areold, and a bicycle pump rusting in the back yard-become symbolsof the intellectual and religious vitality of the past. The boy, in themidst of thesis essay such decay and spiritual paralysis, experiences the confusedidealism and dreams of first love and his awakening becomes incom-patible with and in intellectual master thesis 2013 ironic contrast to the staid world about him. Every morning before school the boy lies on essay, the floor in thefront parlor peeking out an essay english through a crack in the blind of the door,watching and waiting for the girl next door to emerge from her houseand walk to school. Stress. He is shy and still boyish.
He follows her, walkssilently past, not daring to speak, overcome with a confused sense ofsensual desire and religious adoration. In his mind she is both a saintto be worshipped and a woman to be desired. His eyes are often fullof tears, and one evening he goes to top 10 reviews, the back room where the priesthad died. Clasping the palms of his hands together, he murmurs, 0love! 0 love! in stress a prayer not to God, but to the concept of love andperhaps even to the girl, his love.
Walking with his aunt to shop onSaturday evenings he imagines that the girl's image accompanies him,and that he protects her in pcat places the thesis most hostile to romance. Ways Of Supporting. Inthe mixed symbolism of the Christian and the Romantic or Orientalmyths Joyce reveals the epiphany in the story: These noises con-verged in a single sensation of life for me: I imagined that I bore mychalice safely through a throng of foes. He is unable to talk to thegirl. Drifting away from his schoolmates' boyish games, the boy hasfantasies in his isolation, in the ecstasy and pain of first love. Finally the stress girl speaks to the boy. She asks him if he is an essay about english, going toAraby. He replies that if he does he will bring her a gift, and fromthat moment, his thoughts upon essay the mixed imagery of the saintly lightupon her hair and the potential sensuality of the an essay about white border of apetticoat, the thesis stress essay boy cannot sleep or study. The word Araby cast anEastern enchantment over him, and then on the night he is to go tothe bazaar his uncle neglects to return home.
Neither the aunt noruncle understands the boy's need and write anguish, and thesis stress essay thus his isolationis deepened. We begin to see that the story is not so much a story oflove as it is a rendition of the how to write chinse world in which the boy lives. The second part of the story depicts the boy's inevitable disap-pointment and realization. Stress. In such an atmosphere of blindness-the aunt and english uncle unaware of the boy's anguish, the girl not con-scious of the boy's love, and the boy himself blind to the true natureof his love-the words hostile to stress, romance take on ironic overtones.These overtones deepen when the ways thesis boy arrives too late at essay the bazaar.It is closing and the hall is in ways thesis darkness. He recognizes a silencelike that which prevades a church after a service but the bazaar isdirty and thesis disappointing. Two men are counting money on a salverand he listens to the fall of the coins. A young lady, bored withhim and interested in two men who are flirting with her, cheapensand destroys the boy's sense of an Eastern enchantment. His love,like his quest for a gift to draw the included thesis girl to essay, him in an unfriendly world,ends with his realizing that his love existed only in his mind. Thus.
the theme of the story-the discrepancy between the real and theideal-is made final in how to write chinse the bazaar, a place of tawdry make-believe.The epiphany in which the thesis essay boy lives a dream in intellectual spite of the ugly andthe worldly is stress essay, brought to its inevitable conclusion: the single sensa-tion of life disintegrates. The boy senses the falsity of his dreams andhis eyes burn with anguish and anger. Essay #2 Using Setting and Atmosphere. Remember that setting is usually a part of atmosphere and that atmo-sphere consists of the prevailing tone of the work and pcat its resultant meaningor effect. Some works will not warrant an essay devoted to setting and at-mosphere; others, like Joyce's Araby, will be so profoundly dependentupon a particular setting that to ignore its importance will be to miss muchof the meaning of the work.
Dream Versus Reality: Setting and Atmosphere in James Joyce's Araby Convinced that the Dublin of the 1900's was a center of spiri-tual paralysis, James Joyce loosely but thematically tied together hisstories in Dubliners by means of their common setting. Each of thestories consists of a portrait in which Dublin contributes in some wayto the dehumanizing experience of modem life. The boy in the storyAraby is intensely subject to thesis stress essay, the city's dark, hopeless conformity,and his tragic yearning toward the exotic in the face of drab, uglyreality forms the center of the story. On its simplest level, Araby is a story about an essay about a boy's first love.On a deeper level, however, it is a story about the stress world in which helives-a world inimical to ideals and dreams. This deeper level is in-troduced and developed in several scenes: the opening description ofthe boy's street, his house, his relationship to his aunt and uncle, theinformation about the priest and his belongings, the boy's two trips-his walks through Dublin shopping and thesis statement his subsequent ride toAraby. North Richmond Street is described metaphorically and presentsthe reader with his first view of the boy's world. The street is blind; it is a dead end, yet its inhabitants are smugly complacent; the housesreflect the attitudes of their inhabitants. The houses are imperturba-ble in the quiet, the cold, the dark muddy lanes and darkdripping gardens. Thesis Stress Essay. The first use of situational irony is introducedhere, because anyone who is aware, who is not spiritually blinded orasleep, would feel oppressed and endangered by North RichmondStreet. The people who live there (represented by the boy's aunt anduncle) are not threatened, however, but are falsely pious and dis-creetly but deeply self-satisfied.
Their prejudice is dramatized by statement theaunt's hopes that Araby, the bazaar the boy wants to visit, is not14some Freemason affair, and by old Mrs. Mercer's gossiping overtea while collecting stamps for some pious purpose. The background or world of blindness extends from a generalview of the street and its inhabitants to the boy's personal relation-ships. Stress Essay. It is not a generation gap but a'gap in the spirit, in write empathy and conscious caring, that results in stress essay the uncle's failure to arrive homein time for capital master the boy to go to the bazaar while it is still open. Theuncle has no doubt been to the local pub, negligent and indifferent tothe boy's anguish and impatience. The boy waits well into the eveningin the imperturbable house with its musty smell and old, uselessobjects that fill the rooms. The house, like the thesis stress aunt and ways thesis uncle, andlike the entire neighborhood, reflects people who are well-intentionedbut narrow in their views and blind to higher values (even the street lamps lift a feeble light to the sky). The total effect of such settingis an atmosphere permeated with stagnation and isolation. Thesis Essay. The second use of symbolic description-that of the dead priest and his belongings-suggests remnants of a more vital past. The bi-cycle pump rusting in the rain in the back yard and the old yellowedbooks in an essay about the back room indicate that the priest once actively engaged in stress real service to God and man, and ways of supporting thesis further, from the titles of thebooks, that he was a person given to essay, both piety and flights of imagi-nation.
But the priest is dead; his pump rusts; his books yellow. The effect is to write chinse, deepen, through a sense of a dead past, the spiritual and intellectual stagnation of the present.Into this atmosphere of spiritual paralysis the boy bears, withblind hopes and romantic dreams, his encounter with first love. In theface of ugly, drab reality-amid the curses of laborers, jostled bydrunken men and bargaining women-he carries his aunt's parcelsas she shops in the market place, imagining that he bears, not parcels,but a chalice through a throng of foes. The noises converged in thesis stress essay asingle sensation of life and in a blending of Romantic and Christiansymbols he transforms in included thesis his mind a perfectly ordinary girl into stress essay, anenchanted princess: untouchable, promising, saintly. Setting in intellectual capital master 2013 thisscene depicts the harsh, dirty reality of life which the stress essay boy blindly ig-nores. The contrast between the real and the boy's dreams is ironi-cally drawn and clearly foreshadows the boy's inability to intellectual capital master 2013, keep thedream, to remain blind.
The boy's final disappointment occurs as a result of his awaken-ing to the world around him. The tawdry superficiality of the bazaar,which in his mind had been an Oriental enchantment, strips awayhis blindness and leaves him alone with the realization that life andlove differ from the dream. Araby, the symbolic temple of love, isprofane. The bazaar is dark and empty; it thrives on the same profitmotive as the thesis stress essay market place (two men were counting money on asalver); love is represented as an empty, passing flirtation. Araby is a story of thesis first love; even more, it is a portrait of aworld that defies the ideal and thesis stress essay the dream. Thus setting in this storybecomes the true subject, embodying an atmosphere of spiritual pa-ralysis against which a young boy's idealistic dreams are no match.Realizing this, the boy takes his first step into adulthood.
INSTRUCTIONS. It is possible in an essay to write about an an essay about english, isolated symbol-onewhich seems unusual, or appealing, or particularly apt. More often,though, you will deal with a central or recurrent symbol (like water inThe Great Good Place). If you write about an isolated symbol, your thesis should be a strong statement of the existence of the symbol in the work,and, the body of your essay should be composed of statements that actuallyconstitute evidence of the existence of the symbol. As you develop paragraphs in the body of the thesis stress essay, make clear your reasons for 2013 ascribing the symbolic significance you do, show the function of the essay symbol in the work, and master 2013 above all, prove that awareness of the stress essay symbol enriches understanding or appreciation of the work. The Central Symbol of the ways of supporting thesis Church in Joyce's Araby Joyce's short story Araby is filled with symbolic images of a church. It opens and closes with strong symbols, and in thesis the body ofthe story, the images are shaped by the young), Irish narrator's impres-sions of the effect the Church of Ireland has upon master thesis the people of Ire-land. The boy is fiercely determined to invest in someone within thisChurch the holiness he feels should be the natural state of all withinit, but a succession of experiences forces him to thesis essay, see that his determi-nation is in vain. Statement. At the climax of the stress essay story, when he realizes that hisdreams of holiness and love are inconsistent with the actual world,his anger and anguish are directed, not toward the Church, but to-ward himself as a creature driven by vanity. In addition to the im-ages in the story that are symbolic of the Church and its effect uponthe people who belong to top 10, it, there are descriptive words and phrasesthat add to this representational meaning. The story opens with a description of the Dublin neighborhoodwhere the boy lives.
Strikingly suggestive of a church, the image shows the ineffectuality of the Church as a vital force in the lives ofthe inhabitants of the neighborhood-the faithful within the Church.North Richmond Street is composed of two rows of houses withbrown imperturbable faces (the pews) leading down to the tall un-inhabited house (the empty altar). The boy's own home is set in agarden the natural state of which would be like Paradise, since it contains a central apple tree; however, those who should have caredfor it have allowed it to become desolate, and the central tree stands alone amid a few straggling bushes. At dusk when the boy and hiscompanions play in the street the thesis lamps of the street lift their feeblelanterns to the sky of ever-changing violet (timid suppliants to thefar-away heavens). Since the boy is the narrator, the inclusion ofthese symbolic images in the description of the thesis setting shows that theboy is thesis essay, sensitive to the lack of spiritual beauty in his surroundings.Outside the main setting are images symbolic of those who donot belong to the Church. The boy and his companions go there attimes, behind their houses, along the dark muddy lanes, to where the rough tribes (the infidel) dwell. Here odors arise from the ash pits--those images symbolic to 2013, James Joyce of the moral decay of his nation.
Even the essay house in which the youthful main character lives addsto the sense of moral decay. The former tenant, a priest (now dead),is shown to have been insensitive to the spiritual needs of his people.His legacy was a collection of books that showed his confusion of thesacred with the secular-and there is included statement, evidence that he devoted hislife to gathering money and furniture. He left behind no evidenceof a life of spiritual influence. Despite these discouraging surroundings, the boy is essay, determined to find some evidence of the loveliness his idealistic dreams tell himshould exist within the Church. His first love becomes the focal pointof this determination. In the person of Mangan's sister, obviouslysomewhat older than the boy and his companions, his longings find anobject of worship. The boy's feelings for the girl are a confused mix-ture of sexual desire and of sacred adoration, as examination of theimages of her reveals. He is obsessed at one and the same time withwatching her physical attractions (her white neck, her soft hair, themovement of the brown-clad figure) and with seeing her always sur-rounded by light, as if by a halo.
He imagines that he can carry herimage as a chalice through a throng of foes-the cursing,brawling infidels at the market to which he goes with his aunt. Allother sensations of life fade from his consciousness and pcat essay he is awareonly of his adoration of the blessed image. He spends his days feel-ing her summons to his foolish blood, a summons that is both astrong physical attraction and a strong pull to thesis, the holiness missing inhis life and in how to the lives of the people he knows. In all his watching ofher he is thankful that he can see so little, as men of his Churchhave ever been filled with holy dread to look upon the Virgin. When the girl finally speaks to thesis essay, him, her words are of ordinary concerns: she asks if he is going to Araby, a bazaar in another part ofthe city. But the boy's imagination seizes upon the name Araby andinvests its syllables with an Eastern enchantment in thesis which his soulluxuriates. Araby becomes a place where his soul can find the mysti-cal beauty lacking in his own mundane Church. The girl cannot at-tend the bazaar because of a retreat her convent is having that week.As a consequence the stress boy feels a summons that has symbolic over-tones of write a holy crusade: he is determined to go forth to the en-chanted place and thesis stress bring back a gift worthy to lay at write the feet of his adored one. The aunt and thesis stress essay uncle with whom he lives are insensitive to hisburning need to fulfill his crusade.
They are presented as persons living decently within the confines of their Church rules, but lacking avision of concerns higher and holier than mechanical conformity torules. They do, finally, though, provide the florin to how to, allow him to go to Araby. Alone, he makes his way to essay, the place of Eastern enchantment.When he arrives, he is struck by how to a silence like that of a church.This is followed by another image that calls up the essay image at the be-ginning of the story, that of the aisle leading to an altar. In this case,it is a hall leading to the booth displaying porcelain vases (chalicesfor the Eucharist), and flowered tea sets (the flowers on the altar).The great jars guarding the stall can be interpreted as symbols of themysticism standing guard over the Church. For the boy, the girl attending the included stall, like Mangan's sister, be-comes an thesis essay, object of faith. But when she speaks-again like Mangan'ssister-her words are trivial and worldly. In a sudden flash of insightthe boy sees that his faith and his passion have been blind. He sees inthe two men counting money on a salver a symbol of the moneylen-ders in the temple. He allows the pennies to fall in his pocket.
Thelights in write chinse the hall go out; his church is in darkness. Tears fill hiseyes as he sees himself a creature driven and derided by vanity,whose foolish blood made him see secular desires as symbols oftrue faith. In this moment of disillusionment he feels that he himselfis at fault for stress being so bemused by an essay his ideals that he failed completelyto see the world as it is. He has discovered in his Church and in love(both traditional symbols of essay ineffably sacred loveliness) only a shoddyimitation of intellectual capital master thesis true beauty. Understandably his disillusionment causes him anguish and anger. Using Myth and Archetype. The heart of myth is rooted in religion, in attempts to explain creation, thesoul, and man's place in the world. A discussion of thesis stress essay myth, therefore, mustbe preceded by top 10 your discovery of its presence in thesis a work; and for your dis-cussion to of supporting, be meaningful, you must understand the stress essay origin or source of theideas you decide to ascribe to myth. An Essay. (In Araby, we perceive the clearpresence of a reference to Christianity.) Remember that archetype can be generously applied to a num-ber of essay man's values, dreams, and beliefs, but that myth comprises only apart of archetype.
Archetype is a much larger term, and if you perceivesome universal experience in thesis statement a literary work, it can quite logically form apart of our racial past. Family, marriage, war, peace, the need to be lovedand to live forever: these are patterns, emotions, and drives we share withour ancestors. They change little with time, and each generation respondsto them with deep emotions. The presence of thesis stress essay archetype in a work givesthat work added importance and an essay defining the of supporting thesis archetype, its effectand resultant added meaning will be of value to readers who may have re-sponded but have not discerned why. To write an essay using myth and archetype, determine how theirpresence influences and reveals the meaning of the work. If myth or arche-type becomes the basis of a work (as they do in Araby), an essay point-ing out their meaning will provide you with a ready-made thesis. Orderingthe development of stress essay your essay will become relatively simple, for the stagesof the reenactment of the archetypal pattern will direct your presentation.If, on the other hand, the use of intellectual capital thesis 2013 myth does not form the basis of the entirework, but is only an enrichment of another pattern, your order of develop-ment will be somewhat more complex. In this case you will need to deter-mine the precise function the single use of the mythic element serves andthen center your thesis on this function. The Lonely Quest of James Joyce's Araby Probably no other twentieth century short story has called forthmore attention than Joyce's Araby. Thesis Essay. Some universality of experiencemakes the story interesting to readers of all ages, for they respond in-stinctively to an experience that could have been their own.
It is apart of the instinctual nature of man to long for what he feels is thelost spirituality of his world. In all ages man has believed that it ispossible to search for and find a talisman, which, if brought back, willreturn this lost spirituality. The development of intellectual thesis theme in Araby re-sembles the essay archetypal myth of the top 10 reviews quest for a holy talisman. In Araby, Joyce works from a visionary mode of artisticcreation-a phrase used by psychiatrist Carl Jung to describe the,'visionary kind of stress literary creation that derives its material fromthe hinterland of man's mind-that suggests the prompts abyss of time sepa-rating us from essay prehuman ages, or evokes a superhuman world of con-trasting light and darkness. It is a primordial experience, which sur-passes man's understanding and to which he is therefore in danger ofsuccumbing. 1 Assuredly this describes Joyce's handling of the mate-rial of Araby. The quest itself and its consequences surpass the un-derstanding of the young protagonist of the thesis statement story. He can only feelthat he undergoes the experience of the thesis stress quest and naturally is con-fused, and at the story's conclusion, when he fails, he is anguishedand angered. His contrasting world of light and darkness containsboth the lost spirituality and the dream of restoring it.
Because ourown worlds contain these contrasts we also feel, even though theprimordial experience surpasses our understanding, too. It is true, as a writer reminds us, that no matter the work,Joyce always views the order and disorder of the world in terms ofthe Catholic faith in which he was reared. 2 In Araby, however,there is, in addition, an overlay of Eastern mysticism. This diversity of background materials intensifies the included statement universality of the thesis experience.We can turn to the language and the images of the story to see howthe boy's world is shown in of supporting thesis terms of these diverse backgounds. There is little that is light in the comer of Dublin that formsthe world of the story, little that retains its capability to evoke spiri-tuality. Thesis Stress Essay. North Richmond Street is blind; the about english houses stare at one an-other with brown imperturbable faces. The time is winter, with itsshort days and its early dusk. Only the boy and his laughing, shoutingcompanions glow; they are still too young to have succumbed tothe spiritual decay of the adult inhabitants of Dublin. But the boysmust play in dark muddy lanes, in thesis dark dripping gardens, neardark odorous stables and ashpits. Joyce had said of Dubliners,the collection of stories from which Araby comes, that he intendedto write a chapter in the moral history of my country and I choseDublin for an essay about english the scene because that city seemed to me the centre ofparalysis.
3 The images of the story show us that the spiritual envi-ronment of the boy is paralyzed; it is musty, dark. Everywhere in his dark surroundings the boy seeks the light. He looks for it in the central apple tree-symbol of religiousenlightenment-in the dark garden behind his home. Stress Essay. The gardenshould be like Eden, but the tree is overshadowed by the desolationof the pcat garden, and thus has become the tree of thesis spiritual death. Helooks for light in the room of his home where the former tenant, apriest, had died, but the only objects left by the priest were books,yellowed and damp.
Here, too, the quest has failed. Write Chinse. No evidence ofspiritual life remains. Decay and rust have taken over all the stress treasures the priest had laid up on earth for himself. Into this world of ways of supporting thesis darkness appears a girl, Mangan's sister. Be-cause of her the boy feels a surge of hope that now in her love he willfind light. Even though he has never spoken to her, except for a fewcasual words, her name is like a summons to all his foolish blood.His youthful imagination sees her always surrounded with light; sheis the contrast to his dark world. She becomes an image to thesis essay, him of allthat he seeks. Intellectual Thesis. That image accompanies him even in thesis stress essay places the mosthostile to romance: the market and the streets, among the drunkenmen and bargaining women, amid the curses of labourers, the how to shrilllitanies of shop-boys.
In this unlikely place occurs what Joyce calls an epiphany, which to him means a sudden spiritual manifesta-tion, when objects or moments of inconsequential vulgarity can betransfigured to something spiritual.4 The boys says, I imagined that Ibore my chalice safely through a throng of foes. Plainly he has feltthe summons to cherish the holy, the light, in this dark world ofthose who are hostile to the sacred. Stress Essay. However, what he feels is beyond his understanding. His lovefor the girl is part sexual desire, part sacred adoration. He is, he says,confused. He loses interest in his school and in everything about him; hethinks of nothing but the girl. He can see her dark house, herbrown-clad figure touched by lamp-light.
He feels that he has foundone image of holiness in included statement his world of lost spirituality. If he can gainthe girl, he feels, the light will be restored to his dark existence. In his one conversation with her she reveals that she cannot goto Araby, a bazaar she would like to thesis stress essay, attend. About. She suggests that itwould be well for him to go. He speaks impulsively: If I go I willbring you something. His opportunity has come.
He can go toAraby-his soul luxuriates in the very syllables of the mysticallymagic name-and he can bring back a talisman to secure his favorwith her. The lost light of his world will be restored. Undoubtedly, as a writer suggests, Araby is Arabia, which is associated with thePhoenix, symbol of the thesis renewal of ways life. 5. Thesis. Over half the story is ways thesis, concerned with the delays and stress essay frustrationsin his plans for his quest, and with his final journey to the en-chanted place, where the about talisman will be procured. Significantly, he must go to Araby alone.
The train is deserted; when throngs of essay buy-ers try to press their way onto the train the porters move them back,saying this is a special train for the bazaar. All who go on a questfor the high and the holy must go alone. Arriving, he finds the bazaar nearly empty. He recognizes a si-lence like that which pervades a church after a service. The churchis empty; it is not attended by the faithful. Two men count money ona silver salver. The young lady who should attend him ignores himto exchange inane vulgarities with two young gentlemen.
Suddenly from the trivialities here the boy experiences anotherepiphany, a sudden showing forth in which his mind is floodedwith light, with truth. He can see the parallel that exists between thegirl here and his girl; he can see his feeling for her for what it is-physical attraction. Her brown-clad figure is one with the drabworld of North Richmond Street. Here, instead of Eastern enchant-ment, are flimsy stalls for buying and selling flimsy wares. His grailhas turned out to included thesis statement, be only flimsy tea sets covered with artificial flow-ers. As the upper hall becomes completely dark, the boy realizes thathis quest has ended.
Gazing upward, he sees the vanity of imagininghe can carry a chalice through a dark throng of foes. 1 Carl G. Jung, Modern Man in Search of a Soid. trans. W. S. Dell and CaryF. Baynes (New York, 1933), pp. 156-157. 2 William Bysshe Stein, Joyce's 'Araby': Paradise Lost, Perspective, X11,No.
4 (Spring 1962), 215. 3 From Letters of James Joyce, Vol. II, ed. Richard Ellmarm (New York,1966), p. Thesis. 134. 4 James Joyce, Stephen Hero (New York, 1944), pp. 210-211. 5 Marvin Magalaner, Time of Apprenticeship: The Fiction of Young JamesJoyce (London, 1959), p. Capital Master. 87. USING POINT OF VIEW. If we draw an analogy of stress a multistoried house withwindows on all sides, we can understand that a person's view of the worldcan vary greatly, depending on which window he views it from; whether heis outside looking in; or whether, distantly, he looks at the house and the surrounding countryside simultaneously.
Certainly our view of a characterwill depend upon our position in relation to the scene, just as his view islimited by the author. Henry James considered the positioning of both characters and narrator crucial to fiction, and in recent years (in fact since his detailed studiesof point of view) critics have considered the artist's use of point of view the central focus for interpretation. Look at the questions point of view provokes. Does the viewpoint allow for irony? Does it limit sympathy or does it evoke greater sympathy? Does it causeattitudes to be formed? What are they? Does choice of this particular nar-rator or persona influence the reader's view of the situation? How? Does itcontrol imagery and symbolism? In your conclusion, reaffirm your thesis by showing the an essay overall effec-tiveness of the point of thesis stress essay view on the work.
Did the work gain much or littlefrom its use? Study the following essay to better understand how point ofview in Araby frees language, achieves psychic distance, and intensifiesthe experience portrayed. THE IRONIC NARRATOR OF JAMES JOYCE'S ARABY Although James Joyce's story Araby is told from the first per-son viewpoint of its young protagonist, we do not receive the thesis impres-sion that a boy tells the thesis story. Instead, the narrator seems to be a manmatured well beyond the experience of the story. The mature man re-minisces about master thesis 2013 his youthful hopes, desires, and frustrations. Morethan if a boy's mind had reconstructed the events of the story for us,this particular way of telling the story enables us to perceive clearlythe torment youth experiences when ideals, concerning both sacredand earthly love, are destroyed by a suddenly unclouded view of theactual world.
Because the man, rather than the thesis stress essay boy, recounts the experi-ence, an ironic view can be presented of the institutions and personssurrounding the boy. This ironic view would be impossible for theimmature, emotionally involved mind of the boy himself. Only an adult looking back at the high hopes of foolish blood and its resul-tant destruction could account for ways of supporting thesis the ironic viewpoint. Throughoutthe story, however, the narrator consistently maintains a full sensitiv-ity to his youthful anguish. From first to last we sense the reality tohim of his earlier idealistic dream of essay beauty. The opening paragraph, setting the scene, prepares us for an essay about english theview we receive of the conflict between the loveliness of the ideal andthe drabness of the actual. Descriptive words show the narrator's con-sciousness of the boy's response to beauty and the response of theneighborhood people, who are blind to beauty: North RichmondStreet is blind; its houses, inhabited by decent people, stare un-seeingly at thesis stress essay one another-and all this is under a sky of ever-changingviolet, in a setting of gardens marred by the odours of ash-pitsand dark odorous stables. The boy's own house, which had form-erly been inhabited by a priest, is placed in a garden like that ofEden.
It is a place of write potential holiness, shown to us in the irony ofthe garden's barrenness and the priest's worldliness: the garden hasnow only a central apple tree and a few straggling bushes; thepriest had died and left behind him evidence of his preoccupationwith secular literature and with collecting money and furniture. Into this setting appears a figure representative of all that isideal, the girl. The narrator shows us in a subtly ironic manner thatin his youthful adoration of Mangan's sister she is, confusedly, theembodiment of all his boyish dreams of the beauty of thesis stress physical desireand, at the same time, the embodiment of his adoration of all that isholy. In his dark environment Mangan's sister stands out, a figure al-ways shown outlined by light, with the power to set aflame in him azeal to included thesis statement, conquer the uncaring and the unholy. Her image, constantlywith him, makes him feel as though he bears a holy chalice througha throng of foes-the Saturday evening throng of drunken men,bargaining women, cursing laborers, and all the stress others who have noconception of the mystical beauty his young mind has created in thisworld of material ugliness. Intellectual Master 2013. He is alone as a boy, the essay man narrator shows us, with his viewof the possible loveliness of the world. Even the top 10 book aunt and uncle withwhom he lives are callous to thesis stress, his burning need to go to the bazaar,which looms in his imagination as a place of mystical Eastern en-chantment, to included statement, purchase a gift worthy of essay his loved one. Looking back,the narrator can see that his uncle had been concerned with his daily,worldly tasks, his aunt with maintaining a decent observance ofthis day of pcat our Lord, although she does not want him to essay, be disap-pointed in his wish to intellectual capital master 2013, go to thesis stress essay, the bazaar. From the vantage point ofmaturity the narrator can realize that the aunt and the uncle perhaps once possessed an awareness of the romantic, an awareness that hassince been clouded by the drabness of North Richmond Street. Like Stephen Dedalus of Joyce's Portrait of the Artist as aYoung Man, the boy, then, must seek for the high, the inviolate, byhimself. And, also like Stephen, he finds instead the world.
When heenters Araby the boy sees its resemblance to an emptied church, andthat is the irony so far as maturity can view it: Araby is not a holyplace because it is not attended by the faithful. He has come alone on pcat, a deserted train; the bazaar, full of spu-rious wares, is tended by thesis essay uncaring people who leave him even morealone than he had been before; the young lady who should havewaited on him ignores him to joke with two young men. The younglady's inane remarks to the young men have a ring in capital master the memory ofthe mature narrator reminiscent of his adored one's remarks. Both areconcerned with the material, the crass. The narrator can, with his backward look, supply us with twoapprehensions: one, the fully remembered, and thesis essay thus fully felt, anguishof a too sudden realization of the disparity between a youthful dreamof the mystic beauty of the world and his actual world; and two, theirony implicit in a view that can see the dream itself as a vanity. In his brief but complex story, Araby, James Joyce concen-trates on character rather than on plot to reveal the ironies inherentin self-deception. On one level Araby is a story of initiation, of aboy's quest for the ideal. Thesis. The quest ends in failure but results in aninner awareness and a first step into manhood. Thesis. On another level thestory consists of a grown man's remembered experience, for the storyis told in retrospect by a man who looks back to included, a particular momentof intense meaning and insight.
As such, the boy's experience is notrestricted to youth's encounter with first love. Rather, it is stress, a portrayalof a continuing problem all through life: the incompatibility of theideal, of the dream as one wishes it to be, with the bleakness of real-ity. This double focus-the boy who first experiences, and the manwho has not forgotten-provides for the dramatic rendering of intellectual master 2013 astory of stress essay first love told by a narrator who, with his wider, adult vision,can employ the sophisticated use of irony and symbolic imagery nec-essary to reveal the story's meaning. The boy's character is indirectly suggested in the opening scenesof the story. Book. He has grown up in the backwash of a dying city. Sym-bolic images show him to essay, be an individual who is sensitive to the factthat his city's vitality has ebbed and left a residue of empty piety, thefaintest echoes of romance, and only symbolic memories of an an essay about, activeconcern for God and fellow men. Although the young boy cannot ap-prehend it intellectually, he feels that the street, the town, and Irelanditself have become ingrown, self-satisfied, and unimaginative. It is a. world of spiritual stagnation, and as a result, the boy's outlook is se-verely limited. He is ignorant and thesis stress therefore innocent. Lonely, imagin-ative, and isolated, he lacks the understanding necessary for evalua-tion and perspective. He is at first as blind as his world, but Joyceprepares us for his eventual perceptive awakening by tempering hisblindness with an unconscious rejection of the pcat essay prompts spiritual stagnation ofhis world.
The boy's manner of thought is also made clear in the openingscenes. Stress Essay. Religion controls the lives of the inhabitants of North Richmond Street, but it is a dying religion and receives only lip service.The boy, however, entering the new experience of first love, finds hisvocabulary within the experiences of master thesis 2013 his religious training and the ro-mantic novels he has read. The result is an idealistic and confused in-terpretation of love based on quasireligious terms and the imagery ofromance. This convergence of two great myths, the Christian with itssymbols of hope and sacrifice and the Oriental or romantic with itsfragile symbols of heroism and escape, merge to form in his mind anillusory world of mystical and ideal beauty. This convergence, whichcreates an epiphany for thesis essay the boy as he accompanies his aunt throughthe market place, lets us experience with sudden illumination the tex-ture and content of his mind. We see the futility and stubbornness ofhis quest. But despite all the how to write evidence of the dead house on stress essay, a deadstreet in a dying city the boy determines to bear his chalice safelythrough a throng of foes. He is blindly interpreting the world in theimages of his dreams: shop boys selling pigs' cheeks cry out in shrilllitanies; Mangan's sister is saintly; her name evokes in an essay him strangeprayers and praises. The boy is extraordinarily lovesick, and fromhis innocent idealism and stubbornness, we realized that he cannotkeep the dream. He must wake to the demands of the world aroundhim and react. Thus the thesis first half of the story foreshadows (as the manlater realizes) the boy's awakening and disillusionment.
The account of the boy's futile quest emphasizes both his lonelyidealism and his ability to achieve the perspectives he now has. Thequest ends when he arrives at the bazaar and realizes with slow, tor-tured clarity that Araby is not at all what he imagined. It is top 10, tawdryand dark and thrives on the profit motive and the eternal lure itsname evokes in men. Thesis Stress Essay. The boy realizes that he has placed all his loveand hope in a world that does not exist except in his imagination. Hefeels angry and reviews betrayed and realizes his self-deception. He feels he isa creature driven and derided by vanity and the vanity is his own. The man, remembering this startling experience from his boy-hood, recalls the moment he realized that living the dream was lost asa possibility. That sense of thesis stress essay loss is intensified, for its dimension growsas we realize that the desire to, live the dream will continue throughadulthood. At no other point in the story is characterization as brilliant asat the end. Joyce draws his protagonist with strokes designed to let usrecognize in the creature driven and derided by vanity both a boywho is initiated into knowledge through a loss of innocence and aman who fully realizes the ways incompatibility between the beautiful andinnocent world of the imagination and the very real world of fact.
InAraby, Joyce uses character to embody the theme of his story.
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Glossary of Sales and Selling Terms. account – a customer, usually in a B2B or business-to-business organization; a major account is usually a large corporation (Top 1000) capable of thesis essay, significant purchases; or a national account is a customer or prospect with branches, offices or plants covering a wide territory – usually multiple states or regions. These type of accounts require special handling (and some pricing adjustments) and a senior sales person or team. Active Listening – Term used to describe higher levels of listening activities, involves actively seeking to understand how the customer or prospect feels and what are their personal and business issues to be addressed during the sales process. Involves things such as stance or leaning into the customer, observing all movements and pcat essay prompts, changes of position and body language tips. And, key is asking questions for clarity and understanding. Added Value – the thesis stress essay element(s) of top 10 book reviews, service or product that a sales person or selling organization provides, that a customer is prepared to pay for because of the benefit(s) obtained.
Added values are real or perceived; tangible or intangible. Thesis Stress Essay! A good, reliable, honest, expert, informed sales person becomes a very significant part of the selling organization’s added value, as perceived by reviews the customer, if not by the selling organization. advantage – the aspect of a product or service that makes it better than another, especially the one in-situ or that of a competitor. advertising/advertising and promotion/AP – the methods used by a company to publicize and position its products and services to its chosen market sectors, including product launches, image and brand building, press and public relations activities, merchandising (supporting and promoting the product in retail and thesis, wholesale outlets), special offers, generating leads and inquiries, and incentivizing distributors, and agents, and arguably sales people. AP methods are sometimes described as above-the-line (media advertising such as radio, TV, cinema, newspapers, magazines) or below-the-line (non-‘media’ methods or materials such as brochures, direct-mail, exhibitions, telemarketing, and PR); advertising agencies generally receive a commission (discount ‘kick-back’) from above-the-line media services, but not from below the line services, in of supporting thesis which case if asked to arrange any will seek to add a mark-up. appointment – a personal sales visit to a prospect, usually arranged by phone. benefit – the gain (usually a tangible cost, but can be intangible) that accrues to the customer from the product or service. buyer – most commonly means a professional purchasing person in thesis stress a business; can also mean a private consumer. Buyers are not usually major decision-makers, that is to included thesis, say, what they buy, when and how they buy it, and how much they pay are prescribed for them by the business they work for. If you are selling a routine repeating predictable product, especially a consumable, then you may well be able to restrict your dealings to buyers; if you are selling a new product or service of any significance, buyers will tend to stress, act as influencers at most. See decision-makers, and the buying techniques page.
buying signal – a buying signal is book, a comment from a prospect which indicates that he is visualizing to whatever extent buying your product or service. Thesis Essay! The most common buying signal is the question: “How much is top 10, it?” Others are questions or comments like: “What colors does it come in?”, “What’s the lead-time?”, “Who else do you supply?”, “Is delivery free?” “Do you use it yourself?”, and thesis, surprisingly, “It’s too expensive.” call/calling – a personal face-to-face visit or telephone call by how to a sales person to stress essay, a prospect or customer. Also referred to a sales call (for any sales visit or phone contact), or cold call (in the case of a first contact without introduction or notice in writing). call center – a department or company for outgoing and/or incoming (outbound/inbound) telephone calls to/from customers, commonly now extending to email communications also if useful for customer service, but not extending to essay prompts, email marketing. Call centers can be primarily reactive (inbound) or proactive (outbound – covering telemarketing, telesales, and research), or both. Call centers can be in-house, part of the employed organization, or external, effectively a contractor or an thesis, agency. Most modern in-house or long-term out-sourced call centers are effectively customer service centers or departments, containing staff dedicated to telesales and customer services activities.
Other types of call center activities and operations can be concerned more with short-term telesales, telemarketing or market research campaigns. Run well a call/contact center is a wonderful function. Poorly run call centers are a nightmare for staff and customers alike. Since the 1990s when the call center function became de-humanized and obsessively cost-driven by many large corporations the nightmare scenario largely applies. Some call/contact centers are now such vast business units that they warrant being ‘off-shored’ (outsourced to of supporting, countries with lower costs), which generally equates to corporate own-foot-shooting on a truly huge scale. A call center which is inherently liable to upset customers due to inadequate levels of customer empathy and service is thesis essay, quite obviously utterly self-defeating. Staff turnover is unsurprisingly a major challenge in call centers. canvass/canvassing – cold-calling personally at the prospect’s office or more commonly now by telephone, in an attempt to arrange an appointment or present a product, or to gather information.
challenger selling – based upon the study of top 10, sales people during and after the great global recession of 2008-2011. Thesis Stress! The consulting group who engaged this study discovered five types of sales profiles during the study and ranked each of the five profiles based upon their performance levels. At the top of an essay about, results list were a set of sales people labeled the challengers. These sales people did three primary items not done by the other four profile groups. They 1. Maintained control of the thesis stress sales process; 2. they introduced innovative ideas into of supporting thesis, the sales process to entice the customer/prospect; and 3. they educated the customer/prospects on thesis essay new better methods of improving their results. close/closin g – the penultimate step of the intellectual thesis ‘Seven Steps of the Sale’ selling process, when essentially the thesis essay sales-person encourages the prospect to say yes and sign the order. In days gone by thesis a Sales person’s expertise was measured almost exclusively by how many closes he knew. Thank God for evolution. But don’t expect to kid any buyer worth his salt today, and using certain ones might even get you thrown out of his office.
Use with great care. closed question – a question which generally prompts a yes or no answer, or a different short answer of thesis essay, just two possible options, compared to open questions, which typically begin with who, what, where, when, etc., and capital master thesis, which tend to invite much longer answers. cold calling – typically refers to stress, the first telephone call made to a prospective customer. More unusually these days, cold calling can also refer to calling face-to-face for the first time without an appointment at commercial promises or households. Cold calling is also known as canvassing, telephone canvassing, prospecting, telephone prospecting, and more traditionally in the case of capital master thesis 2013, consumer door-to-door selling as ‘door-knocking’. collaboration selling – very modern and sophisticated, in which seller truly collaborates with buyer and buying organization to help the buyer buy. A logical extension to ‘strategic’ or ‘open plan’ selling. commodities/commoditized (products and services) – typically a term applied to describe products which are mature in development, produced and stress essay, sold in pcat essay vast scale, involving little or no uniqueness between variations of thesis, different suppliers; high volume, low price, low profit margin, de-skilled (‘ease of included, use’ in consumption, application, installation, etc).
Traditionally the essay ‘commodities’ term applies to the ‘commodities markets’ which trade and set prices for ways, fundamental commodities such as coffee, grain, oil, etc., however in thesis stress a more generic sales and selling sense the term ‘commoditized’ refers to a product (and arguably a service) which has become mass-produced, widely available, easy to make, de-mystified, and simplified; all of thesis, which is almost invariably associated with a reduction in costs, prices and profit margins, and which also has massive implications for the sales distribution model and thesis stress essay, methods for master, taking the product or service to stress, market. Commoditized products are amenable to mass-market and large-scale sales distribution methods and models, as opposed to about english, specialized or high-complexity products, which tend to require closer customer support and greater expertise and advice at the point of selling and essay, installation, and commissioning and pcat, application, if appropriate. An electric battery torch is a commoditized product that is freely available, at competitively low price, ‘off-the-shelf’ at any supermarket (or via the internet); whereas a holographic projector is only available via a specialized supplier, at relatively high cost and profit margin, potentially without a similar competing product, and requires a significant degree of technical advice and support, and possibly user-training. Similarly, a microwave oven is thesis stress essay, a commoditized product, widely available, inexpensively, off-the-self from a retail store (or via the internet); whereas an integrated commercial kitchen is a specialized system, requiring a high level of intellectual master, sales and selling expertise, support and installation. Commoditized products sell by the millions; specialized products might only sell in hundreds or less. All consumer products and services become commoditized over time. Virtually all B2B products and services become commoditized over time. Color TV’s are cheaper than they were thirty years ago because they’ve become commoditized. Same can be said for mobile phones, home security systems, computers; even motor cars are becoming genuinely commoditized.
In our lifetimes perhaps so too will houses and thesis, buildings. concession – used in the context of pcat essay, negotiating, when it refers to thesis, an aspect of the sale which has a real or perceived value, that is given away or conceded by seller (more usually) or the buyer. One of the fundamental principles of sales negotiating is never giving away a concession without getting something in return – even a small increase in ways thesis commitment is better than nothing. consultative selling – developed by various sales gurus through the 1980s by thesis stress Mark Hanan among others, and practiced widely today, consultative selling was a move towards more collaboration with, and involvement from, the buyer in ways thesis the selling process. Strongly based on questioning aimed at gaining useful information. consumer – in the context of selling a consumer typically refers to a private or personal customer or user, as distinct from a business or organizational, or trade customer. Thesis Stress! Notably we see this term in how to chinse the acronym B2C, which means ‘business-to-consumer’, which describes the stress type of business in which the transaction and relationship is an essay english, between a business and a private ‘domestic’ customer. A household insurer, or an estate agent, are examples of B2C sales organizations.
Retail is by its nature consumer business. A holiday company is a B2C business. B2B describes ‘business-to-business’ – which is trade and selling between businesses. customer – usually meaning the purchaser, organization, or consumer after the sale. Prior to the sale is usually referred to as a prospect. customer relationship management:CRM – CRM is stress, now a commonly used term to describe the how to process of managing the entire selling process within a department or organization. Computerized CRM systems enable management of essay, prospect and customer details, contacts, sales history and account development. Well known examples of book reviews, CRM computerized systems are Sage’s ACT!, which claims to be the world’s most popular CRM system, and stress, Front Range’s Goldmine. SalesForce.com is making a big push in the CRM market with its web-based system. Pcat Prompts! Chief elements of thesis stress, a CRM system (or strategy, since the term is used to describe the how to process and methodology as well as the thesis system) are: • compilation and an essay about, organization of data (prospects, customers, product, sales, history, etc) • planning, scheduling and thesis stress essay, integrating customer development activities and communications. • analysis and reporting of all sales related activities and data.
Good CRM strategy and systems are generally considered necessary for modern organizations of ways thesis, any scale to thesis stress essay, enable effective planning and implementation of reviews, sales (and to stress essay, an extent marketing) activities. deal – common business parlance for the sale or purchase (agreement or arrangement). It is rather a colloquial term so avoid using it in serious company as it can sound flippant and unprofessional. decision-maker – a person in the prospect organization who has the power and budgetary authority to agree to a sales proposal. On of the book reviews most common mistakes by sales people is to thesis stress, attempt to sell to someone other than a genuine decision-maker. For anything other than a routine repeating order, the only two people in any organization of any size that are real decision-makers for significant sales values are the CEO/Managing Director/President, and of supporting thesis, the Finance Director.
Everyone else in the organization is generally working within stipulated budgets and supply contracts, and will almost always need to thesis essay, refer major purchasing decisions to one or both of the write above people. Thesis! In very large organizations, functional directors may well be decision-makers for significant sales that relate only to their own function’s activities. See influencer. deliverable(s) – an english, aspect of a proposal that the provider commits to do or supply, usually and preferably clearly measurable. demonstration/demo/ – the physical presentation by the sales person to the prospect of how a product works. Generally free of charge to thesis stress, the prospect, and normally conducted at the prospect’s premises, but can be at another suitable venue, eg., an exhibition, or at the supplier’s premises. demographics – the intellectual capital master study of, or information about, people’s lifestyles, habits, population movements, spending, age, social grade, employment, etc., in terms of the thesis stress consuming and buying public; anyone selling to the consumer sector will do better through understanding relevant demographic information. discipline – within the context of an organization this is similar to function, i.e., job role, although a discipline can refer more generally to a capability or responsibility, for write chinse, example ‘financial disciplines’, or ‘customer service disciplines’, or ‘technical support disciplines’.
Discipline can of course mean separately ‘control’, others or oneself, which is certainly relevant to sales and selling, but not the reason for its inclusion in this glossary. In business-to-business selling of a complex strategic nature looking at disciplines (capabilities and responsibilities) can help to explore the different ways that people are affected by a change or proposition, which generally accompanies the sale of a product or service. distribution/sales distribution – the methods or routes by stress essay which products and of supporting thesis, services are taken to market. Sales distribution models are many and various, and are constantly changing and new ones developing. Understanding and establishing best sales distribution methods – routes to essay, market – are crucial aspects of running any sales organization, and any business organization too. Of Supporting Thesis! Sales distribution should be appropriate to the product and service, and the end-user market, and the model will normally be defined by these factors, influenced also by technology and stress essay, social trends. For example, commoditized mass-market consumer products (FMCG – fast-moving consumer goods, household electronics, etc) are generally distributed via mass-market consumer distribution methods, notably supermarkets, but also increasingly the internet. A lesson in changing sales distribution models, and the need for capital master 2013, manufacturers and thesis essay, sellers to anticipate changes is found in the switching of book sales and CD sales from included statement, retail store distribution to websites, with the thesis resulting demise of pcat prompts, many retailers in those sectors.
Future changes in sales distribution will see for example music transferring increasingly via online downloads, thus threatening those involved with or dependent upon physical shipping of thesis stress essay, products. B2B (business-to-business) sales distribution models have their own shape, again dependent on products and services, customer markets, technology, plus other influences such as economical trends, environmental and legislative effects, etc. Examples of B2B sales distribution models are franchising, direct sales forces (employed), direct sales forces (sales agents), telephone sales (call-centers, out-bound and in-bound), the internet (online website businesses), distributors (independent sellers who carry products and services of other manufacturers and ‘principals’), and channel partners and partnering arrangements (prevalent in telecoms and IT sectors). empathy – understanding how another person feels, and typically reflecting this back to an essay about english, the other person. Thesis Stress Essay! The ability to feel and show empathy is central to chinse, modern selling methods.
Critical success factor that is totally misunderstood by many sales managers and sales people. ethics/ethical selling/ethical business – this would not have appeared in a selling glossary a few years ago, because the line between right and wrong was a mile wide. To certain leaders and companies it still is, although gradually, slowly business and thesis essay, selling is becoming more civilized. Honesty, morality and social responsibility are now crucial elements in any effective selling method, and for any sustainable business. In Spring 2008 someone left a message on statement my answerphone. The person said he was from thesis stress, ‘central government’, working on a ‘policy piece’ about e-learning, and included statement, could I give him a call back. I duly called back. After several sidesteps, the ‘seller’ eventually clarified that the purpose of the thesis stress essay contact was to thesis statement, sell me some advertising in a directory, supposedly endorsed or approved by a ‘government department’.
This is stress essay, a fine example of unethical selling, and unethical business too, since the seller was clearly following a company script and set of tactics designed to deceive. Unethical business and selling have always been wrong, but nowadays they carry far greater risks for those who behave badly. Consumers are wiser and better informed. The courts are less tolerant and more sensitive to top 10, transgressions. In all respects today poor ethics guarantee personal and business failure. FAB – features advantages benefits – the links between a product description, its advantage over others, and the gain derived by the customer from using it. One of the central, if now rather predictable, techniques used in thesis the presentation stage of the selling process. feature – an thesis statement, aspect of a product or service, eg., color, speed, size, weight, type of essay, technology, buttons and knobs, gizmos and gadgets, bells and whistles, technical support, delivery, etc. Also referred to a product or service detail. field – means anywhere out of the sales office. Included Thesis Statement! Field sales people or managers are those who travel around meeting people personally in the course of managing a sales territory.
To be field-based is to work on the sales territory, as opposed to being office-based. forecast/sales forecast – a prediction of thesis, what sales will be achieved over a given period, anything from a week to a year. Pcat! Sales managers require sales people to forecast, in order to provide data to thesis stress, production, purchasing, and other functions whose activities need to be planned to meet sales demand. Sales forecasts are also an essential performance quantifier which feeds into the overall business plan for any organization. Due to of supporting thesis, the traditionally unreliable and optimistic nature of sales-department forecasts it is entirely normal for the sum of all individual sales persons’ sales annual forecast to grossly exceed what the business genuinely plans to sell. See targets. function/functional – in the context of an organization, this means the essay job role or discipline, eg., sales, marketing, production, accounting, customer service, delivery, installation, technical service, general management, etc.
Understanding the functions of people within organizations, and critically their interests and needs, is intellectual master thesis 2013, very important if you are selling to businesses or other non-consumer organizations. influencer – a person in the prospect organization who has the power to influence and persuade a decision-maker. Influencers will be generally be decision-makers for relatively low value sales. There is usually more than one influencer in any prospect organization relevant to a particular sale, and large organizations will have definitely have several influencers. It is usually important to sell to influencers as well as decision-makers in the same organization. Selling to large organizations almost certainly demands that the sales person does this. The role and power of influencers in any organization largely depends on the culture and politics of the organization, and particularly the management style of the two main decision-makers. See decision-makers.
intangible – in a selling context this describes, or is, an aspect of the product or service offering that has a value but is thesis, difficult to see or quantify (for instance, peace-of-mind, reliability, consistency). introduction – the word introduction has two different main meanings in selling: Introduction refers either to first stage of the top 10 face-to-face or telephone sales call (see the Opening stage in thesis stress essay the Seven Steps of the Sale), or the term means a personal introduction – also called a referral – of the sales person to essay, someone in the buying organization by a mutual friend or contact. Personal introductions of this sort tend to imply endorsement or recommendation of the seller, and since they are made by an existing contact they help greatly in establishing initial trust. The value and potency of a personal introduction generally reflects the importance of the introducing person and stress essay, the strength of their relationship with the buying contact. Networking is essentially based on included using (sometimes several quite informal) introductions, to connect a seller with a buyer. introductory letter – a very effective way to improve appointment-making success, and to stress essay, open initial dialogue, especially for selling to large organizations. LAMP® – Large Account Management Process – sales acronym and methodology for major accounts management developed by about Robert Miller, Stephen Heiman and Tad Tuleja in their 1991 book Successful Large Account Management (see the books at the foot of this page). Note that LAMP® and Strategic Selling® methods and materials are subject to copyright and intellectual property control of Miller Heiman, Inc. Thesis! Also note that LAMP® and Strategic Selling® methods and materials are not to how to write, be used in the provision of training and stress essay, development products and services without a licence. lead-time – time between order and delivery, installation or commencement of a product or service. listening – a key selling skill, in pcat prompts that without good listening skills the process of questioning is rendered totally pointless.
major account – a large and stress, complex prospect or customer, often having several branches or sites, and generally requiring contacts and relationships between various functions in the supplier and customer organization. Often major accounts are the responsibility of designated experienced and senior sales people, which might be formed into pcat essay prompts, a major accounts team. Major accounts often enjoy better discounts and terms than other customers because of stress, purchasing power leveraged by bigger volumes, and lower selling costs from economies of scale. marketing – perceived by book lots of business people to mean simply promotion and stress essay, advertising, the term marketing actually covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and essay prompts, arguably all of the sales functions as well. It’s the process by which a company decides what it will sell, to whom, when and how, and then does it. margin/profit margin – the difference between cost (including or excluding operating overheads) and selling price of thesis stress, a product or service.
Percentage margin is generally deemed to be the difference between cost and selling price, divided by the selling price ex tax (ex.- something that costs $100 and is sold for $200 plus tax produces a 50% margin – gross margin that is thesis, – net margin is after overheads are deducted). mark-up – this is the money that a selling company adds to the cost of a product or service in order to produce a required level of profit. Thesis Essay! Strictly speaking, percentage mark-up refers to the difference between cost and selling price as a factor of the cost, not of the pcat selling price. So a product costing $100 and stress, selling for $200 has been given a mark-up of 100%; (at the book reviews same time it produces a margin of thesis, 50%). needs-based selling – a selling style popularized in the 1970s and 80s which asserted that sales people could create needs in a prospect for their products or services even if no needs were apparent, obvious or even existed. The method was for the sales person to question the prospect to identify, discover (and suggest) organizational problems or potential problems that would then create a need for the product. I’m bound to point out that this is no substitute for good research and proper targeting of prospects who have use of the products and services being sold. negotiation/negotiating – the trading of concessions including price reductions, between supplier and customer, in an attempt to shape a supply contract (sale in other words) so that it is acceptable to both supplier and intellectual master thesis, customer. Negotiations can last a few minutes or even a few years, although generally it’s down to one or two meetings and one or two exchanges of correspondence. Ideally, from the thesis essay seller’s point of view, negotiation must only commence when the sale has been agreed in principle, and conditionally upon satisfactory negotiation.
However most sales people fall into the trap set by most buyers – intentionally or otherwise – of starting to book, negotiate before the selling process have even commenced. NLP:Neuro-Linguistic Programming – A very accessible branch of stress, psychology developed by Bandler and Grinder in the 1960s. NLP involves language, thinking and communications, and is therefore immensely useful and often features in sales training. networking – an intellectual master thesis 2013, increasingly popular method of developing sales opportunities and contacts, based on referrals and introductions – either face-to-face at meetings and gatherings, or by other contact methods such as phone, email, social and business networking websites, etc. objection/overcoming objections – an thesis stress essay, objection is a point of resistance raised by a prospect, usually price (“It’s too expensive..”), but can be anything at any stage of the selling process. Overcoming objections is a revered and intellectual capital thesis 2013, much-trained skill in the traditional selling process, but far less significant in modern selling.
Modern collaborative selling principles assume that objections do not arise if proper research, needs analysis, questioning and empathic discussion has taken place. Also the notion of using techniques or pressure to stress, overcome what may be legitimate obstacles is contrary to principles of modern selling. Modern selling methods tend to ways of supporting, identify objections much earlier in the process, and either to filter out the prospect at that stage and abandon the approach, or where objections arise from multiple decision influencers within the buyer organization, to agree collaboratively a strategy with the main contact at the prospective customer for dealing with objection(s) arising. open/opening – the first stage of the actual sales call. opening benefit statement/OBS – traditionally an initial impact statement for sales people to use at first contact with prospect, in writing, on the phone or face-to-face – the OBS generally encapsulates the likely strongest organizational benefit typically (or supposedly) derived by customers in the prospect’s sector, eg., “Our customers in stress the clothing retail sector generally achieve 30-50% pilferage reduction when they install one of pcat essay, our Catch-A-Crook security systems…” open question – a question that gains information, usually beginning with who, what, why, where, when, how, or more subtly ‘tell me about..’ – as distinct from a closed question, for stress essay, example beginning with ‘Is it…?’ or ‘Do you…?’ etc., which tend to glean only a yes or no answer. package – in a selling context this is another term for the product offer; it’s the whole product and service offering at a given price, upon given terms. partnership selling – very modern approach to an essay, organizational selling for business-to-business sales. pattern interrupt – term used for thesis, gaining the attention of the buyer or customer. Buyers have been conditioned to assume a pattern or flow of ideas or statements from a sales person.
Therefore, in the pattern interrupt, the sales person goes off-script or makes an pcat prompts, unexpected statement – truthful statement – that suddenly grabs the attention of the buyer / customer who is asking themselves the question – What? And therefore tuning back into the conversation to thesis, find out if what they thought they heard was true. Of Supporting! Very powerful attention gaining method used by the top sales and marketing professionals. perceived – how something is seen or regarded by stress essay someone, usually by the prospect or customer, irrespective of what is of supporting, believed or presented by the seller, ie what it really means to the customer. positioning – more a marketing than sales term, although relevant to experienced and sophisticated sellers, and related to stress essay, targeting – positioning refers to how a product/service/proposition is presented or described or marketed in relation to the market place – with reference to customers, competition, image, pricing, quality, etc. Positioning basically refers to whether a proposition is being sold appropriately – in the right way, to the right people, at the right time, in the right place, and at ways of supporting thesis the right price. A potentially brilliant business can fail because its products are not positioned properly, which typically manifests as sales people being unable to stress essay, sell successfully. There might be little or nothing wrong with the sales people and their skills, and pcat prompts, the product/service, but the stress venture fails because the positioning is wrong. Conversely, good positioning can rescue a less than brilliant product/service.
Effective selling is not only about quality and skills – its about suitability of pcat prompts, targeting. preparation – in the context of the selling process this is the work done by the sales person to research and thesis stress essay, plan the about english sales approach and/or sales call to a particular prospect or customer. Almost entirely without exception in stress the global history of selling, no call is included thesis statement, adequately prepared for, and sales that fail to thesis stress essay, happen are due to this failing. presentation/sales presentation – the process by an essay about which a sales person explains the product or service to the prospect (to a single contact or a group), ideally including the product’s features, advantages and benefits, especially those which are relevant to the prospect. Presentations can be verbal only, but more usually involve the use of visuals, commonly bullet-point text slides and images on a computer display or projected onto thesis essay a screen. product – generally a physical item being supplied, but can also mean or include services and intangibles, in which case product is used to mean the whole package being supplied. product offer – how the included product and/or service is positioned and stress essay, presented to book, the prospect or market, which would normally include features and/or advantages and also imply at least one benefit for the prospect (hence a single product can be represented by a number of different product offers, each for different market niches (segments or customer groupings). Thesis Stress Essay! One of the great marketing challenges is always to define a product offer concisely and included, meaningfully. proposal/sales proposal – usually a written offer with specification, prices, outline terms and conditions, and warranty arrangements, from a sales person or selling organization to a prospect.
Generally an thesis stress, immensely challenging part of the process to get right, in that it must be concise yet complete, persuasive yet objective, well specified yet orientated to the customer’s applications. An outline proposal is often a useful interim step, to avoid wasting a lot of time including in ways of supporting thesis a full proposal lots of material that the customer really doesn’t need. proposition – usually means product offer, can mean sales proposal. The initial proposition means the basis of the stress first approach. PSS – Professional Selling Skills – highly structured selling process pioneered by the US Xerox (and UK Rank Xerox) photocopier sales organization during the 1960s, and adopted by countless business-to-business sales organizations. PSS places a huge reliance on how to write presentation, overcoming objections and 101 different closes.
Largely now superseded by more modern two-way processes, but PSS is still in use and being trained, particularly in old-fashioned paternalistic company cultures. Thesis! The regimented one-way manipulative style of intellectual master thesis, PSS nowadays leaves most modern buyers completely cold, but strip it away to thesis, the bare process and it’s better than no process at all. prospect – a customer (person, organization, buyer) before the sale is included, made, ie a prospective customer. puppy dog sale/puppy dog close – a classic method of selling or closing a deal whereby you let the customer try the product or service for free without commitment, for thesis stress essay, a limited period, in an essay english the confidence that once they live with it they won’t want to give it up – just like giving someone have a puppy for a day. These days the puppy dog approach would ideally extend to giving the prospective customer some education and support about looking after the puppy so that they understand and are prepared for the changes that come with a new puppy. questioning – the second stage of the sales call, typically after the opening or introduction but also vital to modern selling methods, notably collaborative/consultative selling. A crucial selling skill, and rarely well demonstrated.
The correct timing and use of the important different types of questions are central to the processes of gathering information, matching needs, and building rapport and empathy. Questioning also requires that the sales person has good listening, interpretation and essay, empathic capabilities. referral – a recommendation or personal introduction or permission/suggestion made by someone, commonly but not necessarily a buyer, which enables the seller to approach or begin dialogue with a new perspective buyer or decision-maker/influencer. Seeking referrals is a a widely trained selling technique, in which the seller asks the buyer (or other contact) at the end of a sales call for referrals, i.e., details of other people who might be interested in the seller’s proposition, or who might be able to make their own introductions/referrals. research/research call – the act of gathering information about a market or customer, that will help progress or enable a sales approach. Often seen as a job for telemarketing personnel, but actually more usefully carried out by sales people, especially where large prospects are concerned (which should really be the only type of prospects targeted by ways thesis modern sales people, given the need to recover very high costs of sales people). retention/customer retention – means simply keeping customers and not losing them to competitors. Stress Essay! Modern companies realise that it’s far more expensive to find new customers than keep existing ones, and so put sufficient investment into looking after and intellectual capital, growing existing accounts. Less sensible companies find themselves spending a fortune winning new customers, while they lose more business than they gain because of poor retention activity. (The hole in the bucket syndrome, where it leaks out faster than it can be poured in.) risk reversal – concept used in marketing quite often to entice the passive decision maker into making a decision.
The seller assumes all or the majority of the risk involved in the business transaction, thus taking away the primary negative in a buying decision – the thesis stress essay risk to the buyer. sales cycle – the Sales Cycle term generally describes the time and/or process between first contact with the customer to an essay about english, when the stress essay sale is made. Sales Cycle times and processes vary enormously depending on essay prompts the company, type of business (product/service), the effectiveness of the sales process, the market and the particular situation applying to the customer at thesis the time of the inquiry. The Sales Cycle can be less than a minute or can be many months or even a few years. A typical Sales Cycle for a moderately complex product might be: 1. Thesis! lead generated. 3. arrange appointment. 4. customer appointment with questions. 5. verify depth of problems and thesis essay, consequences. 6. presentation of proposal.
7. and close sale. sales forecasts – also called sales projections, these are the predictions that sales people and how to write chinse, sales managers are required to essay, make about future business levels, necessary for ways, their own organization to plan and budget everything from stock levels, production, staffing levels, to advertising and promotion, financial performance and market strategies. sales funnel – describes the pattern, plan or actual achievement of conversion of prospects into sales, pre-inquiry and then through the sales cycle. So-called because it includes the conversion ratio at essay each stage of the sales cycle, which has a funneling effect. Prompts! Prospects are said to be fed into the top of the funnel, and converted sales drop out at the bottom. The extent of conversion success (ie the thesis stress essay tightness of each ratio) reflects the quality of chinse, prospects fed into the top, and thesis stress, the sales skill at each conversion stage. How To! The Sales Funnel is thesis, a very powerful sales planning and sales management tool. sales report – a business report of sales results, activities, trends, etc., traditionally completed by a sales manager, but increasingly now the responsibility of sales people too. A sales report can be required weekly, monthly, quarterly and annually, and often includes the about need to provide sales forecasts. sales pipeline – a linear equivalent of the Sales Funnel principle.
Prospects need to thesis stress essay, be fed into pcat essay, the pipeline in order to thesis stress essay, drop out of the other end as sales. Pcat Essay Prompts! The length of the thesis stress pipeline is the sales cycle time, which depends on included statement business type, market situation, and the effectiveness of the sales process. sector/market sector – a part of the market that can be described, categorised and then targeted according to thesis, its own criteria and characteristics; sectors are often described as ‘vertical’, meaning an industry type, or ‘horizontal’, meaning some other grouping that spans a number of vertical sectors, ex. a geographical grouping, or a grouping defined by age, or size, etc. segment/market segment – a sub-sector or market niche; basically a grouping that’s more narrowly defined and smaller than a sector; a segment can be a horizontal sub-sector across one or more vertical sectors. service contract – a formal document usually drawn up by included statement the supplier by which the stress trading arrangement is pcat prompts, agreed with the customer. Also known as trading agreements, supply agreements, and other variations. solutions selling – a common but loosely-used description for thesis stress essay, a more customer-orientated selling method; dependent on about english identifying needs to which appropriate benefits are matched in a package or ‘solution’. The term is based on the premise that customers don’t buy products or features or benefits – they buy solutions (to organizational problems). It’s a similar approach to ‘needs-creation’ selling, which first became popular in the 1970s-80s. Solutions selling remains relevant and thesis stress, its methods can usefully be included in an essay the open plan selling style described later here, although modern collaborative and thesis essay, facilitative methodologies are becoming vital pre-requisites.Michael Bosworth developed this method as continuation of SPIN selling methods.
SPIN® and SPIN® Selling – A popular selling method developed by Neil Rackham in the 1970-80s: SPIN® is an capital thesis, acronym derived from the basic selling process designed and defined by Rackham: Situation, Problem, Implication, Need, or Need Payoff. Thesis! Note that SPIN® and SPIN SELLING® methods and materials are subject to pcat essay, copyright and intellectual property control of the Huthwaite Organisations of the US and UK. Strategic Selling® – when used in upper case and/or in the context of Miller Heiman’s Strategic Selling® methodology (which features in their books of the same name, first published in 1985) the Strategic Selling® term is a registered and protected product name belonging to the American Miller Heiman training organization – so be warned. LAMP® and Strategic Selling® methods and materials are subject to copyright and intellectual property control of Miller Heiman, Inc., and again be warned that LAMP® and Strategic Selling® methods and materials are not to be used in the provision of training and development products and services without a license. strategic selling – you will also hear people (me included) referring to ‘strategic selling’ in a generic sense, and stress, not specifically referring to the Miller Heiman methods and materials. In a generic ‘lower case’ sense, ‘strategic selling’ describes a broad methodology which began to an essay about, be practiced in the 1980s, literally ‘strategic’ by its nature (the principles involve taking a strategic view of the prospective customer’s organization, its markets, customers and strategic priorities, etc), which is described below and referred to as ‘open plan selling’. When using the ‘strategic selling’ terminology in thesis a training context you must be careful therefore to avoid confusion or misrepresentation of the of supporting Miller Heiman intellectual property. If in any doubt don’t use the ‘strategic selling’ term in thesis stress relation to providing sales training services – call it something else to avoid any possible confusion with the Miller Heiman products, (see the Miller Heiman Strategic Selling® copyright details below. tangible – in a selling context this describes, or is, an aspect of the about english product or service offering that can readily be seen and measured in terms of cost and value (eg., any physical feature of the product; spare parts; delivery or installation; a regular service visit; a warranty agreement). See intangible. target account – in stress a sales context this is the issued (or ideally agreed) level of sales performance for a sales person or team or department over a given period.
Bonus payments, sales commissions, pay reviews, job gradings, life and death, etc., can all be dependent on pcat prompts sales staff meeting sales targets, so all in all sales targets are quite sensitive things. Essay! Targets are established at the beginning of the ways of supporting thesis trading year, and then reinforced with a system of thesis stress, regular forecasting and reviews (sometimes referred to as ‘a good bollocking’) throughout the ways thesis year. See forecasting. targeting – this has a different meaning to the usual noun sense of target (above). Targeting is a marketing term – very relevant and thesis, important for thesis statement, sales people and sales managers too – which refers to the customers at which the selling effort is aimed, hence targeting.
In this respect the term relates to ‘target markets’, or ‘target sectors’. This is the customer aspect within ‘positioning’ of a product or service or proposition. Stress Essay! Targeting is represented by the question: Who will buy the pcat prompts product/service? Deciding targeting on a company scale is stress essay, normally the responsibility of a marketing department or agency, but each sales person and sales team as huge potential to develop and refine their own local targeting – so as to thesis statement, aim their efforts at the sectors or customers which will produce the greatest results. For example – and many sales people, especially self-employed providers and traders – completely ignore the fact that sales generally come more easily from existing or previous customers than prospective new customers to whom the supplier is stress essay, completely unknown. Similarly size of prospective customer is another largely overlooked aspect of targeting. Essay Prompts! Any business will naturally have more amenable sectors of thesis essay, potential customers than other parts of the intellectual capital thesis 2013 market. Thesis! Targeting is the of supporting process by which the selling organization maximizes its chances of engaging with the most responsive and profitable customers. telemarketing – any pre-sales activity conducted by telephone, usually by specially trained telemarketing personnel – for instance, research, appointment-making, product promotion. telesales – selling by essay telephone contact alone, normally a sales function in its own right, ie., utilizing specially trained telesales personnel; used typically where low order values prevent the use of expensive field-based sales people, and a recognizable product or service allows the pcat essay prompts process to succeed. It is usually an outbound sales method.
territory – the geographical area of responsibility of a sales person or a team or a sales organization. A generation ago a field-based sales person’s territory would commonly be a county or state. Thesis Essay! Now in this globalized age, where so much selling is done online and remotely by telephone rather than by expensive face-to-face selling, field-based sales people’s territories are much bigger, and how to write chinse, can be entire countries or continental regions. territory planning – the process of planning optimum and thesis essay, most cost-effective coverage (particularly for making appointments or personal calling) of a sales territory by the available sales resources, given prospect numbers, density, buying patterns, etc., even if one territory by capital 2013 one sales person; for one person this used to thesis stress essay, be called journey planning, and was often based on prompts a four or six day cycle, so as to avoid always missing prospects who might never be available on one particular day of the week. trial close – the technique by which a sales person tests the prospect’s readiness to essay, buy, traditionally employed in response to a buying signal, eg: prospect says: “Do you have them in stock?”, to which the sales person would traditionally reply: “Would you want one if they are?” Use with extreme care, for fear of looking like a clumsy desperate fool.
If you see a buying signal there’s no need to jump on it – just answer it politely, and before ask why the question is important, which will be far more constructive. unique/uniqueness – a feature that is peculiar to a product or service or supplier – no competitor can offer it. See the marketing section for more detail about developing unique selling propositions. Uniqueness is a much overlooked aspect of selling. Write Chinse! The vast majority of thesis essay, sales organizations focus their efforts on selling ‘me too’ products and services, where inevitably discussions tend to concentrate on price differences, whereas the an essay most enlightened and progressive sales organizations strive to develop unique qualities in stress essay the propositions, which dramatically reduces competitive pressures. UPB – unique perceived benefit – now one of the central strongest mechanisms in the modern selling process, an extension and refinement of the product offer, based on detailed understanding of the prospect’s personal and write, organizational needs. A UPB is your USP from the customer’s perspective, in other words, what your USP means to your customer, which is stress essay, a very different way of capital master, approaching selling than from the thesis traditional angle of seller-oriented USPs. Pcat Prompts! It’s essential to discuss your offering in thesis essay these terms with your customer. USP – unique selling proposition – this is what makes the product offer competitively strong and without direct comparison; generally the most valuable unique advantage of a product or service, for the market or prospect in question; now superseded by UPB. variable – an aspect of the sale or deal that can be changed in an essay about order to better meet the needs of the seller and/or the buyer.
Typical variables are price, quantity, lead-time, payment terms, technical factors, styling factors, spare parts, back-up and breakdown service, routine maintenance, installation, delivery, warranty. Variables may be real or perceived, and often the perceived ones are the most significant in thesis any negotiation.
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Understanding and Dealing With Stress: Introduction
3 Classic Resume Rules, Updated for thesis stress essay the 21st Century. There are certain resume rules everyone knows because they’re practically engraved in an essay english, stone. Stress Essay? But the about interesting thing is essay, that most people also have a list of reasons why they’re the exception. Maybe you’ve seen the algorithms that multiply the number of jobs you’ve have by your years of experience, to tell you how long your resume really should be. Thesis? Or, maybe you just know that you can break them in this one, specific instance. With all the rules, and the amendments to the rules, it’s hard to thesis stress essay, know whether you should stick to thesis, conventional wisdom—or ignore it. Well, here’s what we recommend: 1. Thesis Stress Essay? Does Your Resume Still Need to Be One Page? Let’s start with the fact that there is a real-life exception for thesis when a one-page resume will not work in your favor. Federal resumes typically run two to thesis stress essay, five pages!
Not applying to work in master, the federal government? Then one page should be just right. Many people think it’s impossible to put their best foot forward with such little space; after all, if you’ve worked multiple jobs, that means cutting down the number of bullets—and maybe even leaving off certain work experience altogether. But here’s the thesis essay secret: Deleting extra information works in chinse, your favor. Cutting your experience down to one page forces you to zero in on the most relevant experience. Too many people have bullets that don’t really add anything (think: a language section that includes high school Spanish or every aspect of your first two jobs). If you cut all of the extraneous, decent bullets and focus solely on your greatest achievements and most applicable information—everything on that page is suddenly more relevant, more impressive, and more skim-able. And that “rule” you might have heard that you can add a page for every five years of stress essay, experience? I’m not buying it. I’ve seen people with more than a decade of experience who can write a concise, kick-ass resume on one page. So, don’t use time as a get out of jail free card.
When you might consider a second page is when you’re applying for an executive position. It should still be entirely composed of an essay english, applicable, diverse sets of essay, experience, but in top 10 book, this case you probably just have a lot more of it. Stress Essay? In other words, you’ve held multiple jobs, you want to include your research, publications, or awards, and you have tech skills, language skills, and volunteering experiences as well. In this case, just add a summary statement that ties it all together concisely at the top. Check Out Amazing Companies Hiring Now.
2. Pcat? Does Your Resume Arrangement Actually Matter? First comes education, then experience, then skills, then a line about how your references are available upon request. Essay? There was a time—probably when you were applying for your first job out of college—when you were told to included thesis, organize it this way. Thesis Stress? But that does not mean that every resume you submit for the rest of your career has to follow suit. Unless you’re a recent grad, your education should never be above your experience.
First, it shouts “young!” even if you’re a seasoned professional. Second, do you really want hiring managers to see your alma mater before they see the impressive programs you manage on a day-to-day basis? (Hint: No.) Beyond that, you should think what arrangement makes the most sense for you. When I made the jump from full-time nonprofit work to editorial, mine started with “Editorial Experience” followed by a section called “Nonprofit Experience.” Had I just arranged my past roles in chronological order under a single “Experience” category, my writing roles would’ve seemed peppered in. This way, I was able to reviews, highlight how long I’d been writing and editing first, and then touch on my broader workplace history. 3. Does it Matter if Your Resume Is Pretty? OK, I saved the thesis most controversial for last. This one is subjective, and the visual appeal of your resume may be important to some hiring managers and reviews unimportant to others. (And irrelevant to some applicant tracking systems because the design might prevent the resume from being being read.
So, if you are not submitting the resume via email, keep this in mind.) There are a few things to stress, take into consideration here. To start, this is thesis statement, not the most important rule. It doesn’t matter how gorgeous it is if it’s not relevant to the job you’re applying for thesis stress (more on that here ), and the cover letter that accompanies it is a generic one that names the wrong organization. That said, a well-designed one can get you in the door. In a creative field, some level of ingenuity may be expected, and in a non-creative field, you’ll definitely stand out. Finally, I think there’s something to be said for the confidence boost.
I’d never considered the ways thesis aesthetic design of thesis, my resume until I was offered a free redesign by how to write, an expert earlier this year. Suddenly, I wanted to find excuses to thesis stress, share it any way I could, attaching it to intellectual master, all kinds of networking emails. Even if the resume makes a marginal difference in your search, the thesis essay newfound self-assurance could inspire you to apply for jobs you wouldn’t have otherwise. Photo of computer courtesy of Shutterstock . Sara McCord is a freelance writer and editor, who most frequently covers the career beat. About English? For nearly three years, she was an editor at The Muse, and she's regularly contributed career advice to Mashable. Thesis? Her advice has been published across the web ( Forbes , Newsweek , Fast Company , TIME , Inc. Of Supporting Thesis? , Business Insider , CNBC and more). Sara has experience managing programs; recruiting, interviewing, and referring job applicants; building strategic partnerships; advising executive directors; and supporting a national network of thesis, volunteers. Learn more and send her a note through her website, or follow her on Twitter @sarajmccord. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for top 10 book this class.
While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
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Essay on the Causes of Stress for College Students - Essay Forum
essay on genesis 1-3 The Creation of the stress, World. 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and about english the earth. 1:2 Now the earth was without shape and empty, and darkness was over the surface of the watery deep, but the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the water. 1:3 God said, “Let there be light.” And there was light! 1:4 God saw that the light was good, so God separated the light from the darkness.
1:5 God called the light “day” and thesis essay the darkness “night.” There was evening, and there was morning, marking the write, first day. Lord, You created, You defined, You imparted value “it was good”, and thesis You created time for Your creation where only timelessness had existed. Prompts! May I stand in awe of thesis stress, You! Moses was the chosen author of God. Top 10 Reviews! If one does not take the thesis essay, text to describe any part of pre-Genesis history and one takes the write chinse, Creation narrative to refer in every detail to literal 24 hour days then it covers approximately 2400 years. It has been estimated that Moses recorded the essence of the book of stress, Genesis sometime after the time of the exodus out of Egypt in an essay 15 th Century BC. While he may have had access to oral history and artifacts, perhaps even some Egyptian documents, it was God who would have inspired and informed his writing. (This does not address when he recorded the Book of Exodus.) Chapter One introduces the creative expression of God. He sovereignly speaks a linear-time-contained physical reality into stress essay existence and summarizes the first six days of His Creation.
There is a good deal of debate in included thesis theological circles as to the precise meaning of the words, “In the beginning,” the essay, resolution of which has some significant impact. If one takes them as introduction to a mere allegory or parable they have an impact upon ones understanding of the entire Bible. If one takes the words to pcat prompts, refer to the beginning of everything created external to Heaven, and as a literal record, they have a substantially different impact on what follows. This commentary leans toward the thesis stress, latter rather than the former understanding, though with a caveat or two. “God created” tells us that He did so without help and ex nihilo, a Latin phrase meaning “out of an essay english, nothing” or without any preexisting resource (that is, no source other than Himself). “The heavens and the earth” may be taken to refer broadly to everything external to the Kingdom of Heaven or to very narrowly to refer only to the sky and solid ground referenced in verses 6-9. This commentary leans toward the former over the latter understanding. The phrase, “without shape and empty, and thesis stress darkness was over how to write chinse, the surface,” leads the reader to understand that the stress, Lord God had not yet given definition and purpose to “the heavens and the earth” which He had just created.
We are told that “the Spirit of God was moving,” which both informs us of the presence of a specific member of the Trinity (the Holy Spirit) and alerts us that action is about to take place to transform the shapeless, empty, dark earth. The third verse describes God’s method in creating and write chinse transforming by mere spoken word: He said, “Let there be light. Stress Essay! And there was light!” The sovereign power of God to create, transform, give meaning and top 10 purpose to, and stress cause order are all clearly observable in this brief segment of Biblical text. The powerful phrase, “God saw that the light was good,” shows the Lord assessing what He had created, deeming it worthy of Himself, and establishing the light as “good” in thesis contrast to the prior state of darkness or lack of definition. Apart from sometimes-esoteric debates about ‘new earth’ versus ‘old earth,’ or 6 thousand years since Creation versus 6 billion years, there may be no question in the mind of a Biblical-Christian as to Who did the stress, creating. The Lord God leaves no room for doubt in His Word.
How does the belief that the Lord God literally created everything as described in Genesis impact your view of science? When this fallen world, of which Satan is the essay, temporary Prince, seeks to raise doubt in thesis stress essay us about our faith, we need only return to the book of Genesis to find restoration in the words, “In the beginning God.” It is an awesome thing to imagine the majesty and power of the One Who created. When have you contemplated what it means for the Lord to live outside of the of supporting thesis, constraints of linear time as we know it? Ask the Holy Spirit reveal to you a specific place in your life where you are stuck; stuck because you are trying to deal with a challenge in essay your own strength and wisdom and keep failing, or stuck because you have asked the Lord God for intervention while at the same time doubting that He has the power to meet and overcome that which challenges you. Today I will confess my lack of faith, remembering that it was He Who created everything from nothing, and repent (turn away) from my doubt. I will request and pcat essay prompts receive His forgiveness and allow Him to be my strength as He is stress essay, Lord of my life. Be Specific ________________________________________________. 1:6 God said, “Let there be an expanse in the midst of the of supporting, waters.
and let it separate water from water. 1:7 So God made the expanse. and separated the water under the expanse from the water above it. 1:8 God called the expanse “sky.” There was evening, and there was morning, a second day. 1:9 God said, “Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place and let dry ground appear.” It was so. 1:10 God called the dry ground “land” and the gathered waters he called “seas.” God saw that it was good. 1:11 God said, “Let the land produce vegetation: plants yielding seeds according to their kinds, and trees bearing fruit with seed in thesis stress it according to pcat, their kinds.” 1:12 The land produced vegetation – plants yielding seeds according to their kinds, and trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to stress essay, their kinds.
God saw that it was good. 1:13 There was evening, and there was morning, a third day. 1:14 God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the included thesis, sky to separate the day from the night, and let them be signs to indicate seasons and days and years, 1:15 and let them serve as lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth.” 1:16 God made two great lights – the greater light to rule over the day and the lesser light to rule over the night. He made the stars also. 1:17 God placed the stress, lights in the expanse of the sky to shine on english the earth, 1:18 to preside over the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. God saw that it was good. 1:19 There was evening, and there was morning, a fourth day.
1:20 God said, “Let the water swarm with swarms of living creatures. and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the thesis stress, sky.” 1:21 God created the great sea creatures and every living and moving thing with which the water swarmed, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. God saw that it was good. 1:22 God blessed them and said, “Be fruitful and thesis multiply and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds multiply on the earth.” 1:23 There was evening, and there was morning, a fifth day. 1:24 God said, “Let the land produce living creatures according to their kinds: cattle, creeping things, and wild animals, each according to its kind.” 1:25 God made the wild animals according to their kinds, the cattle according to thesis stress essay, their kinds, and all the creatures that creep along the ground according to their kinds. God saw that it was good. Lord, You first created a physical reality, then You created time-itself, then You created an atmosphere – resulting in an ‘atmospheric shell’ around the earth which then resulted in an expanse called “sky” with the water-covered earth at the center.
May I respect Your power as I marvel at Your engineering. Book! You designed Your Creation with each species unique, and that was Your perfect plan. May I be mindful that in Your economy of essay, things everything has a unique purpose, even in intellectual master thesis a fallen-away broken condition, and that brings harmony. You created day and night as we know it, and each has its purpose. Thesis Essay! May I listen closely to Your Holy Spirit so as to ways of supporting thesis, discover my purpose in Your great plan.
You decided that the thesis, air and sea should have life, then You created it. Reviews! May I never doubt that You are the sovereign One and that everything You have prophesied will happen. Thesis! Your power and vision are beyond anything known to mere man, You not only thesis designed an entire planet and populated it with life – You did so in essay a way that was perfectly harmonious. May I find joy in the knowledge that our Lord Jesus is preparing a place for us that is write, as You originally intended. The Lord God decided how He would proceed with His creation, then made it so “So God made the stress, expanse”. The Lord God altered the climate system by separating, with an “expanse” translated “sky,” the moisture in english the outer atmosphere above the earth from the water on the earth’s surface. With a word God created the climate system: The cycle of moisture from the surface of the thesis stress essay, earth moves in to essay prompts, the upper atmosphere, around the earth, and is then deposited elsewhere – keeping the thesis stress essay, balance of humidity without occurrence of flooding or drought (prior to the ‘Fall’). After creating an atmospheric shell so that the top 10 reviews, surface (covered by water) was surrounded by thesis stress essay sky and of supporting thesis contained by that shell the Lord God then separated bodies of stress essay, land and sea. Each part, atmospheric shell, sky, water, and land served a different function, just as parts of the human body do, and thesis statement each contributed to stress, the whole ecosystem in a unique but critical way. The Lord God then called the of supporting thesis, plants and trees into being, each also with a unique purpose, and stress each reproducing only its own kind. “ There was evening, and there was morning, a third day ” (vs 13).
As Moses recorded the story of Creation he used descriptive images and phrases from a primitive era, it is important as we read to not misunderstand his limited experience-based vocabulary as mere allegory, but rather allow the Holy Spirit to enhance our understanding. The Lord God created the top 10, sun “. the greater light”, moon “. the lesser light”, and thesis stars. The interaction of write, these bodies resulted in thesis stress essay “. seasons and days and years.” As humankind has studied the relationship between the sun, moon, stars, and other planets their location has been found to be associated with day, night, season, and years and they have also been valuable in land-based geo-location and water-bound navigation. Until this moment in reviews Creation, the earth was held together by the Lord-alone. He set in place the rest of the cosmos in order to make it a self-sustaining yet highly interdependent system, though at all times it exists only as He empowers and permits.
In its fallen-away broken state all of Creation would collapse without His constant intervention. [Colossians 1:17] “ There was evening, and thesis stress essay there was morning, a fourth day ” (vs 19). The most-legitimate challenge to the presumption that a “day” in the Genesis Creation account equals what we know as 24 hours comes from Day 4, vss 1:14-18. One must stretch hard to an essay english, not see the repeated expression “There was evening, and there was morning, a fifth day.” as more than a rhetorical flourish (common throughout the stress, Word of God) than as a phrase intended to require a literal 24 hours. The NET translator’s make a linguistic argument for a 24 hour day but it is severely-challenged by this text. However, the text of the thesis, “fourth day” does not require the prior days to be anything other than what humankind came to know as twenty-four hour days, for thesis stress that matter they could have been twenty-four nanoseconds - God is never restrained by His creation; why would He take twenty-four of ‘our’ hours to form something He easily could create with a “word” or a “thought”? These can be challenging texts - one must approach them with awe for God and skepticism toward any effort to undermine the write, integrity of the whole Word. The Lord God looked upon His Creation, water separated from sky and space, water and land separated, then plants and trees created upon the land; all of it deemed good – perfect in harmony. He then decided that the sky and sea should also have living things, so the Lord created sea creatures and birds. The Lord God did as He had with the plants and trees and equipped the creatures of the sky and stress essay sea to reproduce, multiplying from the few to the many, “each according to their kind”. “ There was evening, and there was morning, a fifth day. ” (vs 23). The Lord God followed His decision to populate the sky and water with life-forms specific to master, those environments with a decision to populate the land with creatures as well.
The text describes three rough categories; crawling creatures (e.g. insects and lizards), large animals – with an implication of thesis essay, suitability to be domesticated (e.g. buffalo, camels, cattle, goats, sheep), and a variety of capital thesis, other wild animals. As before the Lord spoke them into being then, as He did the fish and fowl, empowered them to essay, reproduce “according to their kind” without the need of His direct Creative action. Created first on the sixth day are “ living creatures according to english, their kinds ” (vs 24). At Creation everything worked in perfect symmetry. The plants and trees were given the gift of stress essay, life then set free to multiply remaining true to their unique created form. Land and sea are both source for of supporting thesis the critical elements of water and dry surface needed for stress essay growth; each were created in perfect balance and order.
What has now become imperfect, a ‘machine’ barely held together with loose and broken parts, surrounded by how to write chinse debris flying through space, with dark comets all-but-invisible to detection threatening to slam into thesis planet earth and wreak terrible havoc; this was once a beautiful and how to perfectly balanced galactic system of God’s design. The land was self-sustaining without creatures in the air and water, it was only the creative Spirit of the Lord God Who envisioned, then perfectly-created them. Despite many unsupportable details imposed upon thesis stress, the text by an essay about english mere men (some fanciful, some venal, and thesis some carelessly-conjectured by the rare few actually seeking truth) the Bible is essentially silent as to details of the creatures the pcat, Lord God created and set loose upon stress, the earth. We see only the distortions of thesis statement, His perfect Creation long after the Fall. Essay! We must remember that Eden was sealed – so nothing of perfection is visible to us. How might you help someone to recognize the literal physical massiveness of pcat essay, each step in Creation? How might your fellowship teach an appreciation for the difference between the original flawless Creation and thesis stress the fallen-away remnant in pcat essay prompts which we live? How might you help believers to understand the confused-thinking of those who invent notions about the animals in thesis pre-Fall Eden, and/or those who deny Eden entirely, to arrive at their scientifically-challenged belief in a Godless and essentially-random evolution-by-accident? (When challenged with mathematical, physical, and observational realities, those who challenge creationism retreat to magical thinking (aliens from an essay about, space deposited life on earth) while ignoring the obvious rhetorical ‘elephant in thesis stress the room’ (aliens would still require an an essay about english, ‘ex nihilo’ origin sometime in the past). Summer and thesis winter, spring and fall, rain and snow, sunshine and darkness; each now far less perfect than the original pre-Fall creation, yet each is critical to how to chinse, the balance of the Created system; a miraculous work of God.
Prior to day four of Creation, God had held everything in place by mere thought; then He added a multitude of interdependent solar systems, each with gravity, all in perfect harmony, and all contributing to thesis stress, the balanced whole. Intellectual Thesis 2013! Diversity, independence, peaceful coexistence; this was the design - and stress then the book, Fall. The land animals were different in kind and purpose from the plants and trees, birds and sea creatures that came before them, yet were similar in that they were equipped and released to live and multiply. All of Creation to this point was either non-sentient (unable to experience pain or pleasure), or sentient (able to experience pain or pleasure) but all were non-reflective (non-sapient). When have you paused to stress essay, consider the perfect balance of God's original climatology and praise Him?
When have you experienced the inspiring teaching of someone contrasting perfection with imperfect and the promise that one day we will know the perfection for which we were created? When have you observed a creative person at work and how they envision something in their mind and then create it with their body? When have you paused to intellectual thesis, ponder what must have been the magnificence of essay, God’s creation and then mourned the mess that we’ve (through the Fall) made of it? Ask the Holy Spirit to intellectual master, help you to stress essay, look past the book reviews, broken and imperfect world around you and instead dwell upon God’s amazing Creation and to invest the time to pause and to thesis stress, observe a land animal, either directly or via a live Internet cam, and as you do so to celebrate the included, beauty and incredible detail of the creature and the way that it interacts with its environment. Also, observe the obvious differences between that creature and the higher form of thesis essay, a human. Today I will celebrate the beauty and incredible detail of the creature(s) I have observed and the way it/they interact(s) with its environment. I will then use an opportunity He provides to share with another, in person or electronically, the amazing evidences of the Lord God’s creative touch which I observed in His created-creature (despite the impact of how to chinse, our Fallen world).
I will give God all of the glory. Be Specific _____________________________________________. 1:26 Then God said, “Let us make humankind in our image, after our likeness, so they may rule over thesis stress, the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over book, the cattle, and over all the thesis stress, earth, and over all the thesis, creatures that move on the earth.” 1:27 God created humankind in his own image, in the image of God he created them, male and female he created them. 1:28 God blessed them and said to them, “Be fruitful and thesis stress multiply! Fill the earth and included subdue it! Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and every creature that moves on the ground.”
1:29 Then God said, “I now give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the entire earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food. 1:30 And to all the animals of the stress essay, earth, and to every bird of the air, and to all the creatures that move on the ground – everything that has the breath of life in it – I give every green plant for food.” 1:31 God saw all that he had made – and it was very good! There was evening, and statement there was morning, the sixth day. 2:1 The heavens and the earth were completed with everything that was in them. 2:2 By the seventh day God finished the work that he had been doing, and thesis essay he ceased on the seventh day all the intellectual capital 2013, work that he had been doing.
2:3 God blessed the thesis stress, seventh day and made it holy because on it he ceased all the top 10 book reviews, work that he had been doing in creation . 2:4 This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created – when the Lord God made the earth and heavens. Lord, You made us in Your partial image, and stress essay You gave us stewardship of Your Creation. While we made a mess of things may I remember that Your work was flawless and Your unique and eternal flawlessness is to be praised. You completed every detail of pcat prompts, Your perfectly-planned Creation in six days and nothing new was added after the sixth-day, so the seventh-day was unique – therefore holy – as Your Creation was complete. May I honor Your perfect work of essay, Creation in praise and worship at included statement least once a week and every week.
Your Word clearly states that Genesis is an account of a historical event, not a mere parable. May I rely upon Your Word, pass the test and not be tempted to please those who would demean Your Word, and rather take You at Your Word. The text uses the plural term “us” when the Lord God refers to Himself, it is the first of many occasions from Genesis through Revelation where the plurality of the “Godhead” or “Trinity” is expressly or indirectly testified. The NET translator’s notes share several of the perspectives upon the plural reference to the Lord God but all but a Trinitarian view, consistent with the rest of the text – as is the case throughout the Bible - every major matter is affirmed elsewhere, thus this study will not quibble with the natural meaning of the plural. The Lord God created humankind, unique and stress separate from all of the other creatures, in His own image (“. after our likeness” means a partial reflection of features of the book, Lord God). Humankind is both a sentient (perceiving the environment via seven physical senses) and a sapient (capable of processing sentient data in an intentionally-rational manner) Creation. Humankind was plural in form, male and female, linked spiritually to the Lord God in thesis stress essay a type of Trinitarian essence. English! (Humankind without the Lord God is temporally incomplete and eternally dead.) Humankind is capable of sensing pain and pleasure as well as engaging in intentionally reflective, thoughtful, and thesis essay volitional relationships. Humankind is more than merely instinctive as is the case with all other living things. Humankind alone was given the capacity for ways of supporting thesis relationship in the spiritual realm. Humankind alone was purposed to receive the delegated authority and stress essay responsibility to rule over the rest of Creation.
Humankind was given the fruit of the write chinse, seed-bearing plants and seek-bearing fruit of the trees as food. Thesis Stress! (Note that there is an thesis, implicit absence of permission to eat non seed-bearing fruit, apparent of only thesis stress essay a single tree in the Garden, and also note that a seed-bearing fruit is incapable of reproduction (without artificial human intervention e.g. via budding or grafting – it is an prompts, inherently single-generation tree.) God saw all that he had made – and stress essay it was very good! There was evening, and there was morning, the essay prompts, sixth day (vs 31). Chapter two of Genesis revisits the Creation narrative presented in chapter one, adding detail to descriptions of the relationship between Adam and Eve, their relationship with the Lord God, and their interaction with the thesis essay, rest of book reviews, God’s Creation. The Lord God had completed all of His creative work prior to the beginning of the seventh day and ceased His work. Nothing that occurred after the end of the sixth day involved a new creative work. The Lord God then did an amazing thing: He set aside the seventh day and declared it a holy day, a ‘holyday’ holiday of sorts, during which He wanted His Creation to remember His work of the first six days in an exceptional way, by ceasing from all work (labor) as He Himself had modeled. Thesis Stress! It is very important that we understand why God set aside the seventh day as a holy day. The Lord’s perfectly-planned Creation was unique, in timeless eternity and in the just-created linear time-bound physical universe He had just spoken into being – that event was therefore holy and worthy of pause to praise. The NET Bible translator’s notes offer a valuable paraphrase of the first four or five words of Genesis 2:4: “This is what became of the heavens and the earth.”
When one reads the NET translator’s paraphrase the text is revealed as declaring the literal nature of the Creation record while it also introduces additional detail – to be followed by ways of supporting the sad story of rebellion and thesis stress Fall. This is still pre-Fall, so man is innocent and lives in perfect harmony with the Lord God and of supporting thesis everything in His Creation. The holy day, established pre-Fall by God, set aside in celebration of His perfect Creation. What the Lord God did in His act of Creation was real, He spoke and it was. How might you lead others to a greater appreciation of the Lord God through a comparison of attributes in real world application? (e.g. Humankind may maintain few truly intimate relationships and thesis typical is limited to about 12 in a meaningful group interaction, whereas the Lord God may have an intimate relationship with 6 billion humans and communicate with each individually as well.) Mankind was male and female living in harmony; they were different yet of a common essence, possessed of an essential unity, much like the holy Trinity of God. Of Supporting! The creation of every new human life is a partnership between man and God; while God delegated the capacity to reproduce, it is He-alone Who gives the spiritual life which separates man from beast.
On the thesis stress, Sunday ‘holyday’ for Christians we recognize our new covenant with God, and included we celebrate the new creation that He has provided for stress essay us, through the life and death of Jesus the Christ. It is a remarkable reality that, when the Lord God created the pcat, heavens and stress the earth, 1) He was self-sufficient, 2) He needed nothing external to top 10, Himself, and, as an stress, act of love, 3) He chose to create so that He might share Himself with man. When you have been in a fellowship where attention was brought to the Lord’s creative work and there was celebration of His perfection then – and of that same perfection awaiting us in heaven? Ask the how to write chinse, Holy Spirit to reveal to you something new about His Creative genius through our scientific observations about the human body, something that will underscore my understanding that His Creation that is too-profound to have happened accidentally – even over essay, billions of years, to lead you to take the top 10 book, time to celebrate on this Sunday by stress ceasing from the busyness of life “work” to reflect upon the beauty of the Lord God’s original perfect Creation, and to lead you to a more profound awareness that the Lord God created humankind with the of supporting, free will to either love or reject Him. Today I will stand in front of a mirror and be amazed that, considering the ravages of the Fall, the thesis, Lord God’s creative hand remains so visible in my complex bio-mechanical machine (my physical self) and in the indwelling Holy Spirit (the perfect Counselor to my spiritual self). I will then share what I have learned with someone and encourage them to repeat my discovery experience. How To Write Chinse! I will celebrate life. I will thank the Lord God for thesis stress essay His gift of life to me and included thesis especially for my new life in Christ. I will encourage and pray for the one(s) whom He has identified. I will pause and reflect and celebrate and thesis essay I will share with a fellow believer and, as the Holy Spirit provides, with one who is considering-Christ the truth of the new creation that the Lord has promised to those who place their faith fully in His Son Jesus.
Be Specific _________________________________________________. 2:5 Now no shrub of the field had yet grown on the earth, and intellectual capital no plant of the field had yet sprouted, for the Lord God had not caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man to cultivate the ground. 2:6 Springs would well up from the earth and water the whole surface of the ground. 2:7 The Lord God formed the man from the soil of the ground and breathed into thesis his nostrils the breath of life, and intellectual capital master 2013 the man became a living being. 2:8 The Lord God planted an orchard in essay the east, in Eden; and write there he placed the man he had formed.
2:9 The Lord God made all kinds of trees grow from the soil, every tree that was pleasing to look at and good for food. (Now the stress essay, tree of thesis, life and the tree of the knowledge of thesis stress, good and evil were in the middle of the orchard.) 2:10 Now a river flows from Eden to water the orchard, and master thesis 2013 from there it divides into four headstreams. 2:11 The name of the first is Pishon; it runs through the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold. 2:12 (The gold of thesis stress, that land is statement, pure; pearls and lapis lazuli are also there). 2:13 The name of the second river is thesis stress essay, Gihon; it runs through the entire land of Cush. Included Thesis! 2:14 The name of the third river is Tigris; it runs along the thesis essay, east side of Assyria. The fourth river is the Euphrates. 2:15 The Lord God took the man and placed him in the orchard in thesis statement Eden to care for it and to thesis, maintain it. 2:16 Then the Lord God commanded the man, “You may freely eat fruit from essay prompts, every tree of the orchard, 2:17 but you must not eat from the tree of the stress, knowledge of good and top 10 book evil, for when you eat from thesis stress essay, it you will surely die.” Lord, as I once-again read the of supporting thesis, flow of Your Creation, and the purpose for which You created everything, I am in awe. Stress Essay! May I never forget that You breathed life into the first human, as You do with each and thesis statement every human, and thesis essay that we rely upon You for life itself.
Genesis Chapter 2 is a fleshing-out of detail the ways of supporting, story of what the Lord God Created, followed in thesis stress essay Chapter 3 by what man did with His incredible gift of Creation and divine relationship. God informs the reader that, whereas He had caused life to exist in pcat essay prompts the form of plants and creatures of the air, land, and sea, there were not yet cultivated plants for food —cultivation requires a cultivator and He had not yet created man. This observation is thesis, included to remind the reader that God’s intent was to delegate management of a limited portion of His Creation to man. As His last act of Creation, God reached into the earth and withdrew the “soil” from which He then created man. This illustrates everything in Creation being linked, which explains the commonalities of DNA in all life forms today — bananas, fish, monkeys, and humans. God then did something that He had heretofore not done, He “breathed” life into man.
Previously He had merely spoken His Creation into existence and pcat it had life, but breathing life in to man gifted him with the capacity for something very unique. [The NET translator notes list the characteristics which God breathed in to man as “spiritual understanding” (Job 32:8) and “a functioning conscience” (Proverbs 20:27). Some would label this as the “soul.”] As the thesis stress, NET translator’s notes observe the reference to “East” would have been in relationship to the land of Israel as that is the location of the intellectual thesis 2013, rivers it also referenced. The Lord God selected from his collection of trees, which He had previously created, some suitable for stress essay an orchard and then set them in intellectual capital Eden, where He also placed man. All of these selected and beautiful trees bore deliciously edible fruit, but even more unique were two, “the tree of life and stress essay the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.” We remember that God is God and He as Creator can do anything He either desires or imagines. We must also remember that there were many things unique to Eden which man has not since observed, because after the statement, Fall these things were “sealed” (see Genesis 3:22-24). Verses 10-14 serve two obvious purposes: they establish the richness of God’s provision in Eden and thesis stress they establish the geographical reality of the story versus an imaginary one.
It is write, theoretically possible to read the word “now” as indicating that Moses was describing the location of Eden in his time rather than in the time of the Eden narrative, but that is a long-stretch — there simply is stress, no apparent added value to the narrative to suddenly make reference to another time and place. The Lord God placed humankind in the Garden of Eden to top 10 book reviews, fulfill their purpose, caring for it, and He then instructed them as to His boundaries for stress essay them: “You may freely eat fruit from every tree of the orchard, but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from it you will surely die.” There are several essentials worthy of note in this segment: The reference to “caring for” or “maintaining” should not be understood to imply that there were any imperfections in the Garden and might be read as “observing closely” or something similar. Humankind was offered but not guaranteed eternal life , because they were told by the Lord God that they could freely eat from every tree, including “the tree of life”, and there was nothing created pre-Fall that would have caused them to die (other than eating of the fruit of the forbidden “tree of knowledge”) – but until they reached and ate of the “tree of life” they were vulnerable. Humankind was capable of dying instantly , both physically and in their spiritual relationship with the Lord God, but only as if He determined that such an thesis, intervention was necessary. Eventually, after rebelling against God, lost access to “the tree of life” and death became a normative expectation. Humankind was given free will , the capacity and the freedom to choose among options, in the most important decisions of thesis stress essay, their lives. Humankind was given everything needed , the capacity to both relate spiritually with and to be empowered by the Lord God with authority, knowledge, and strength — thus it was reasonable that they were expected to book reviews, make wise choices. The Lord God had always planned His Creation such that man would partner with Him in managing His Creation. Man was called into thesis stress essay existence to top 10 book, care for thesis and to maintain the book reviews, perfect order of His Creation, as well as to “be fruitful and multiply” (Gen.
1:28), to better accomplish His purpose. The Lord God reminds us in essay this text that, in the Garden, He had provided for Adam and Eve everything they would ever need, literally everything. What may the intellectual thesis, magnitude of the caring and order necessary to maintain the health of Creation assigned to them to cultivate - such need requiring that human reproduction would multiply those Whom He would also call to that task? The Lord God calls all Christians to a very similar partnership: we are to stress essay, care for one another, keep things in order, and intellectual master partner in spiritually-multiplying the family of God. How would you help people to thesis essay, understand the impact of “free will” - noting that from the beginning the top 10 book, Lord God did not guarantee humankind unlimited certainty of eternal life, regardless of their choices? The way that the Lord God chose to breathe both spiritual and thesis essay physical life into humankind is ways of supporting, remarkable. Try to imagine the importance of a genuine freely-chosen relationship to thesis, the Lord God - He gave Adam and ways thesis Eve everything they needed, all in the context of a perfect creation, yet He still gave them the thesis essay, capacity to choose to be righteous or to be rebellious. (Note that He stated “may”, “may not”, and then consequences – so the concept – if not realization - of death pre-existed the Fall.) When have you experienced that love offered is not always love accepted and love shared is not always love nurtured and sustained? (The Lord God risked rejection and rebellion when He created lesser beings with the free will to reject or rebel against Him rather than to master, love Him.) When have you been in a situation where all of your important needs were met yet you still made choices which disrespected your providers and placed their provision for you at risk? Ask the Spirit to reveal to you a better understanding of what the Lord God intended when He gave you the gifts of stress, spiritual understanding and of a functioning conscience and intellectual capital master thesis 2013 one or more ways that He has made special provision for stress essay specific needs and where you have responded with ungrateful neglect and/or rebellion.
Today I will pray, reflect, and study to apprehend what the ways of supporting thesis, Holy Spirit has unveiled to me and I will share what I have learned with a fellow Believer for shared edification and thesis praise. I will confess and repent of my carelessness, disrespect, and rebellion. I will repent (turn away from), request forgiveness for, and about english accept His forgiveness for my sin. I will then share that experience with a fellow Believer, asking for their prayers in-agreement that I will resist a return to the sin, and I will also pray for them as they follow my example. Be Specific ________________________________________________.
2:19 The Lord God formed out of the ground every living animal of the field and every bird of the air. He brought them to the man to see what he would name them, and whatever the man called each living creature, that was its name. 2:20 So the man named all the animals, the birds of the essay, air, and the living creatures of the field. 2:18 The Lord God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. Thesis! I will make a companion for thesis stress him who corresponds to him.” 20b … but for Adam no companion who corresponded to him was found. 2:21 So the Lord God caused the man to chinse, fall into a deep sleep, and while he was asleep, he took part of the man’s side and closed up the place with flesh. 2:22 Then the Lord God made a woman from the part he had taken out of the man, and he brought her to the man. 2:23 Then the man said, “This one at last is bone of my bones.
and flesh of my flesh; this one will be called ‘woman,’ for she was taken out of man.” 2:24 That is why a man leaves his father and mother and unites with his wife, and they become a new family. 2:25 The man and stress essay his wife were both naked, but they were not ashamed. Lord, You Created the creatures then allowed them to included thesis, be named by thesis stress Your “in Our likeness” creation (Adam), transferring authority along with responsibility. May I recognize that any authority and responsibility which I have in this world, broken and distorted as it is, is given for the purpose of Your priorities. Thesis! You formed the plants and trees, birds and beasts - even humankind - from the soil that You had created. You then caused them to reproduce of their own kind. Since the first human was not designed to reproduce You then drew Eve out of thesis stress, Adam just as You had drawn Adam from the soil. You breathed Into humankind the unique life-force that made them in-Your-likeness.
The Lord God created the of supporting, creatures from the soil He had already made, both animal and thesis humankind, yet one recalls that He only “breathed life” into the human. He then brought each creature to man so that man, not God, could name them. It is understood in the ancient tradition that ‘naming’ was an expression of mastery or ownership. In the same way, Jesus would later give new names to His apostles (because God rightly claims ownership of book reviews, man). Verse 18 is essay, more naturally-understood together with verses 2:20b-24 than when presented prior to verse 19, that is why it was presented slightly out-of-sequence. God said He would create for Adam an indispensable helper, a “companion,” one without whom he could not complete his tasks. This companion would not be a subordinate nor one to whom tasks would be delegated, rather one who would perform the about english, tasks which the man could not.
In keeping with His former pattern and maintaining a continuity in Creation, God (Who had created Adam from the thesis essay, previously-created soil) took flesh and bone from Adam’s side to create his companion and partner in Eden. Adam did not continue in the process of write, naming what he “owns” when he said, “this one will be called woman,” he was merely describing her intimate similarity due to the flesh and bone link caused by her being “taken out of thesis essay, man.” Note that only after the an essay english, Fall, as evidence of an element of the curse (“naming” implies ownership or superiority), did the categorical descriptive word “woman” become the thesis, name “Eve” (see Gen. 3:20). “The man and his wife were both naked, but they were not ashamed,” speaks of their integrity-via-innocence; pre-Fall they had no cause to be ashamed of anything. They were not ashamed because they were truly innocent, unaware of anything imperfect or of any different state of ways of supporting, being. They were free of the knowledge of evil, which would have been the thesis stress, source of their embarrassment when standing naked before one another, or their Lord God. Adam and Eve had been presented with the “test of the tree” but they had not yet been challenged to allow it to become a temptation – and absent that temptation they had not yet fallen into sin. The Lord God created, and thus had legitimate dominion over, all of the creatures; yet He chose to delegate that to pcat essay, humankind. The text teaches that it was not the original intent of the essay, Lord God that man and woman be unequal and capital master competitive in relationship; such only thesis stress became the capital master, nature of things after the Fall. When we think of Adam and Eve, “humankind” prior to stress essay, the Fall, we cannot fully comprehend who they were because - other than Jesus - no other human has ever been as innocent. Do we see that we belong to about english, Him and, as such, He has the stress, right to choose our paths; we have the obligation of loyal subjects to seek His will when making choices?
How might you illustrate an aspect of Heaven, using the pre-Fall description of intellectual capital thesis, man and woman - created uniquely, with equal inherent value, and with equal standing - without any hint of conflict or of competition? When we think of our place in essay Heaven, we may rightly look at master 2013 pre-Fall Adam and Eve (and Jesus) as models of the innocence we too will possess – blessedly-absent the capacity to rebel. Is the thesis, true measure of a faith-saving relationship with Christ the of supporting, absolute surrender of our free will to His Lordship? How well do we comprehend what it means for essay the Lord God to have “mastery” or “ownership” over every truly-saved Believer? It is the Lord God’s loving-desire that men and women serve Him together in perfect harmony. We have Jesus Christ to thank for providing our way home to pcat essay, an Edenic-Heaven. When have you experienced the naming a child or a pet? When have you observed children or adults functioning in essay synchronicity, helping and sharing with one another, all free of reviews, apparent competition and conflict? When have you been truly transparent before the Lord God, and/or before a fellow Believer, and stress the Holy Spirit gave you a special sense of purity and innocence in write chinse His forgiveness and stress essay grace?
Ask the Holy Spirit to amplify your understanding of the importance of separating pre-Fall from post-Fall events and why you need to avoid extrapolating modern-day expectations without regard to intellectual, the original context and to grant you a sense of innocence (through Christ) before the Lord. Today I will engage a fellow Christian in discussion about the way that God has named and claimed us, and together we will give Him praise and thesis stress essay thanks. I will pause to discuss with a fellow Believer our innate longing for our pre-Fall intimate relationship with the Lord God, with His perfect Creation, and with one another. We will give thanks for the promise of Heaven and ask for comfort and patience as we live in this Fallen-away world. Today I will join with a fellow Believer in a prayerfully-reflective celebration of God’s promise of eternity in Heaven. Be Specific _____________________________________________. The Temptation and the Fall. 3:1 Now the serpent was more shrewd than any of the wild animals that the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, “Is it really true that God said, ‘You must not eat from thesis, any tree of the stress essay, orchard’?” 3:2 The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat of the fruit from the trees of the orchard; 3:3 but concerning the fruit of the tree that is in an essay the middle of the orchard God said, ‘You must not eat from it, and you must not touch it, or else you will die.’” 3:4 The serpent said to the woman, “Surely you will not die,
3:5 for God knows that when you eat from it your eyes will open and. you will be like divine beings who know good and evil.” 3:6 When the woman saw that the tree produced fruit that was good for essay food, was attractive to the eye, and was desirable for making one wise, she took some of its fruit and ate it. She also gave some of it to her husband who was with her, and chinse he ate it. 3:7 Then the eyes of both of them opened, and they knew they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and stress essay made coverings for themselves. 3:8 Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the Lord God moving about in the orchard at the breezy time of the day, and they hid from the Lord God among the trees of the orchard. 3:9 But the Lord God called to the man and said to of supporting thesis, him, “Where are you?” 3:10 The man replied, “I heard you moving about in stress essay the orchard, and intellectual master thesis I was afraid because I was naked, so I hid.” 3:11 And the thesis stress essay, Lord God said, “Who told you that you were naked? Did you eat from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?”
3:12 The man said, “The woman whom you gave me, she gave me some fruit from the tree and I ate it.” 3:13 So the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” And the woman replied, “The serpent tricked me, and chinse I ate.” Lord, as I read this terrible moment in thesis essay history, second only to the crucifixion of Christ, I am convicted that I am just as ready to pcat essay prompts, allow a test to stress essay, become a temptation than were Adam and Eve. May I surrender more to the leadership of Your Holy Spirit so that my every choice is tested for pcat prompts Your will and not my own. Thesis! We are all the same as Eve, looking for an essay about english what appeals to our flesh rather than the best in us – that which the Holy Spirit empowers and thesis nurtures.
May my faith be in chinse the perfection that I see in You, and may I desire that above all. I am shocked to read the dialogue between You and Adam and Eve, because I am certain that You’ve had that same dialogue with me. May I be convicted and essay reminded that I am responsible to You for every choice that I make. Chapters One and Two presented the Creation narrative. Chapter Three described the horribly wrong choice of write, Adam and Eve and thesis stress essay the devastating consequences which followed. The serpent, like Balaam’s donkey (Numbers 22:22-35), was a sentient being (able to respond due to awareness and memory of patterns of pain and pleasure). The serpent was, however, non-sapient (lacking the ability to either reflect or make decisions based on acquired wisdom and also lacking the of supporting thesis, unique human capacity to interact intentionally in the spiritual realm). The serpent was a demon-possessed mouthpiece for thesis essay a spiritual source — in this case Satan. (There is the case of the swine in Mathew 8:30-32 and included thesis Mark 5:11-13 wherein demons were sent into pigs by Jesus, but in that case they were merely neutral -non-communicating – physical ‘containers’ for those demons.)
Speculation that animals in pre–Fall Eden were capable of verbal communication with humans, and one another, is based on suspect extra-Biblical sources (not part of the stress essay, “canon” of the Bible, which are Books believed to be approved by the Lord God for inclusion, such as Jubilee 3:28 and Josephus Antiquities 1.1.4 – 1.41) and are thus not to be given credibility in the absence of any supporting canonical Biblical text. There is also no value-added, and considerable distraction spawned, by such speculation. The text following (see Gen. 3:14) parallels the write chinse, serpent with the thesis stress essay, other “wild animals,” adding to the assurance that in an essay about its natural state the serpent was merely a mouthpiece and was not speaking independently. The evil tempting spirit speaking through the serpent challenged the integrity of the relationship between Eve and the Lord God. Stress Essay! This included a challenge to the very Lordship of God by deliberately using the name “God” not preceded by the title “Lord,”. Eve made a choice to do the write, same – converting the ‘test’ of her faithfulness into a ‘temptation’ to overtly rebel and sin. When Satan, through the serpent, asked, “is it really true. Thesis Essay! ” he was attacking the integrity of the Lord God and included thesis His sovereign authority. This was a direct challenge to Eve to stress essay, also wonder if the top 10 book reviews, Lord God was truthful. This was an amazingly bold act of Satan, and frighteningly evil in intent.
In reply to the serpent’s challenge, Eve restated the thesis stress essay, Lord God’s warning about eating from “the tree that is in intellectual capital master thesis 2013 the middle of the orchard” (by implication, the tree of the stress essay, knowledge of good and evil); however, she altered both Satan’s words and ways the actual command of the Lord God. Eve added the thesis stress essay, flourish “you must not touch it,” which neither the Lord God or Satan had said. Satan then issued the full-out challenge to thesis, the Lord God’s integrity and authority, “Surely you will not die, for God knows that when you eat from it your eyes will open and you will be like divine beings who know good and evil.” “Divine beings” refers to the Lord God, Satan, and the angels, both the faithful and thesis essay the fallen. The command from the Lord God “You must not eat from it”, qualified by “or you will surely die” was not lost on Adam and top 10 book reviews Eve. Thesis! The Lord would never have communicated a command without certainty that it was understood. They would likely have understood “die” as associated with their relationship with Him – making sense as that became what they wanted to escape (in terms of accountability and Lordship) when they chose to fail the test, entertain temptation, then sin. Humankind (Adam and Eve) were already capable of spiritual interaction, but had to-date no need to be cognizant of “evil”, other than to know that the capital master 2013, fruit of one tree contained the stress essay, power to draw them into intellectual thesis that knowledge. When Eve entertained Satan’s challenge to the integrity and Lordship of God, apparently without any effort to consult the Lord nor fear of negative consequences, she voluntarily crossed the threshold from ‘test’ to ‘temptation’ – because she turned her eyes-of-faith from thesis, Him to herself. The key to understanding this text, especially as it applies to the rest of the Bible, is choice. Eve (then Adam) had a choice to make, that was the purpose of included statement, ‘the test of the tree’. Eve (then Adam) did not have to thesis stress essay, believe the Serpent, they easily could have consulted the Lord God, and they easily could have corrected his error in deleting Lord from Lord God.
They chose to not do so because they chose their flesh over their Father. Eve failed the test when she conspired with the thesis statement, serpent to ignore the Lordship of thesis stress, God. She relied only on her fleshy senses, she observed that the of supporting, fruit of the forbidden tree appealed to her eye and stomach, and she was tempted to believe that it could magically give her the essay, God-making “wisdom” that the serpent promised. Eve acted upon that temptation and decided to reach out and about eat of it. Adam, whose whereabouts were previously unknown in the story, was described as “with her,” and when given the fruit he also choose to eat of it.
The “with her” likely refers to his physical proximity, though it may also report that he was “with her” in her rebellion. The text does not require “with her” to mean either that he was there all along or that he had been elsewhere and at this moment in the story was “with her” both physically and in rebellion. It is uncertain if any of the alternative readings matter much to the story; though if one takes Adam to thesis, have been physically present throughout the test, temptation, and fall of pcat, Eve, one must ponder why he failed to intervene and why he was not also addressed in the story. In general, the best translation defaults to the most-simple solution, unless the text under consideration (or other Biblical texts) support a more complex result. I Timothy 2:14 says “ And Adam was not deceived, but the woman, because she was fully deceived, fell into transgression. ” Once “fallen,” they were immediately aware of their newly imperfect state (and that their fellowship with a holy and pure Lord God has been instantly broken), and they rushed to cover themselves. The Lord God moved about in the Garden in the late afternoon, “the breezy time of the stress essay, day.” Wishful thinking and inadequate attention to detail in some translations have rendered the included thesis, idea that God was coming for a daily friendly stroll together with Adam and Eve in essay the Garden — a right-rendering of the Biblical text does not support such a conjecture. More probable is that, after their misdeeds together with the serpent, the Lord God arrived to challenge them and was intentionally thrashing about the Garden as if seeking His missing children – of course knowing precisely where they were.
He was righteously angry. The Lord God called to Adam, “Where are you?” not because He could not find Adam, but to challenge Adam to recognize where he had caused himself to be – which was apart from Him. The Lord had not moved, but Adam had, and as a result there was a sudden spiritual chasm. Adam replied, “I heard you moving about,” so the sound created by God in the Garden was not sensed by Adam as friendly. And his “I was afraid because I was naked, so I hid” tells the reader that something had changed — Adam had been previously unclothed and not afraid to be seen as naked (transparent, vulnerable).
The Lord God challenged Adam to explain how he now knew that he was naked — previously unimportant, but now suddenly important — and challenged Adam with the only plausible explanation, his rebellion. Adam’s effort to play innocent and to thrust the included thesis, blame on Eve (if one accepts the reading that Adam was not present during the thesis stress essay, serpent’s initial temptation of Eve and her decision to sin) may lead one to argue that Adam was engaging in a form of idol worship ? “God gave me Eve , so I trusted her, and capital master thesis 2013 she said it was OK.” It is an effort to thesis essay, defraud the Lord, of course; however, at this point, Adam loses either way. The Lord God then turned to Eve, which appears to grant partial credibility to Adam’s blame-shifting, and challenged her to defend her actions (adding credence to the view that Adam was not present during her testing, her choice to engage in temptation, followed by her decision to sin). Eve completed the ‘passing of the buck’ by ways declaring “the serpent tricked me, and I ate,” in thesis essay an attempt to absolve herself of intellectual, responsibility for her choice. While rightly pointing out that she had been deceived, she did not trouble herself to explain why she had knowingly ignored a direct order from her Lord God. We have the same choice(s) as Eve, every minute of every day. Believers must never allow an implied doubt to stand as to the character and integrity and promises of the thesis stress essay, Lord God.
Satan tried the same attack on Jesus that he used on Eve, and he is still using the english, same old lie on people today. Do we understand that when we choose temptation rather than holiness, when confronted with a test, that we enter into a conspiracy with Satan to disrespect the Lord God? How we often have we blamed others for thesis stress essay our own choices, perhaps we’ve even blamed the Lord God? How would you help people to understand that if we go where the Lord God says not to go, do what God says not to do, and dwell upon the things God tells us to avoid, then we also disrespect the Lordship of God and side with Satan? How would you explain the importance of understanding that our lusts and our physical senses are the playground of Satan, and therefore highly subject to our misunderstanding and misplaced priorities? How would you lead a small group through an evaluation of the many ways that they have tried to hide from accountability?
Every choice carries consequences, some good, some bad. We rationalize that consequences will be absent or acceptable to us if we choose disobedience. If unsaved, we further guarantee Hell as our eternal destination — and pcat if we are saved we build walls that block the blessings of the Lord God. It is bad enough to agree to convert a test in to a temptation, and then in to thesis essay, overt sin; however, to then multiply our sin by drawing others who trust us into the same sin is even worse. (See the curse of the Fall in the following sections.) When was there a time that you doubted the Lord God? What were the included thesis, consequences? What is a circumstance in your life where you clearly knew that what you were doing was wrong yet you rationalized that it served a momentary desire? What were the consequences? What is a circumstance when something you did caused you to have a ‘guilty conscience’ such that when an thesis stress essay, authority figure approached you felt nervous or startled? Ask the Holy Spirit to reveal to you a lie in your life that causes you to rationalize.
disobedience to God, and one place in your life where you have allowed the satisfaction of your physical senses to overwhelm your obligation to honor the Lord your God. Perhaps it is eating or drinking too much, going where I may view people in a way that is appealing to my fallen-flesh but offensive to pcat prompts, God (e.g., driving by the beach to view partially-clothed people, surfing inappropriate sites on the Internet, watching television where people are demeaned, listening to music or watching movies that distort a holy view of man, abusing substances, avoiding activities that promote fitness of my body “the temple of the Holy Spirit,” or participating in thrill-seeking activities that “test the stress essay, Lord my God”), and a place in your life where you find yourself deflecting blame to another or engaging in a pattern of avoiding accountability. Today I will make a change in master 2013 my thinking, and in my actions, and rather than partner with the Enemy I will partner with the Holy Spirit as He makes this a real rather than merely an intellectual life-changing choice. I will share this with a fellow believer as a testimony, I will ask for their prayers, and I will ask for their accountability. I will move to diminish the thing that the Holy Spirit has revealed as offensive to the Lord and thesis stress essay destructive to essay prompts, me. The goal is to eradicate them from my life; perhaps immediately, perhaps after some perseverance, but eventually permanently through the thesis stress, power of prayer and peer-accountability.
I will embrace integrity, confess and repent of my wrong choices, and I will make a plan to deal with it. I will ask God to lead, to empower, and to chastise me when I wander from my plan. I will celebrate and share praise when I succeed and will request prayer support when I struggle. Be Specific _____________________________________________. The Judgment Oracles of pcat prompts, God at the Fall. 3:14 The Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you above all the wild beasts. and all the living creatures of the field! On your belly you will crawl. and dust you will eat all the days of thesis stress essay, your life. 3:15 And I will put hostility between you and the woman. and between your offspring and her offspring; her offspring will attack your head, and you will attack her offspring’s heel.”
3:16 To the woman he said, “I will greatly increase your labor pains; with pain you will give birth to children. You will want to control your husband, but he will dominate you.” 3:17 But to Adam he said, “Because you obeyed your wife. and ate from the an essay, tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat from it,’ cursed is the ground thanks to thesis stress essay, you; in painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life. 3:18 It will produce thorns and included thistles for you, but you will eat the grain of the field. 3:19 By the sweat of stress essay, your brow you will eat food. until you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to an essay about, dust you will return.”
3:20 The man named his wife Eve, because she was the mother of all the living. 3:21 The Lord God made garments from skin for Adam and thesis stress his wife, and clothed them. 3:22 And the Lord God said, “Now that the man has become like one of top 10 book, us, knowing good and evil, he must not be allowed to thesis stress essay, stretch out his hand and take also from the an essay about, tree of life and thesis essay eat, and live forever.” 3:23 So the Lord God expelled him from the orchard in Eden to cultivate the ground from which he had been taken. 3:24 When he drove the ways of supporting, man out, he placed on the eastern side of the orchard in Eden. angelic sentries who used the flame of a whirling sword to guard the thesis stress essay, way to the tree of life. Lord, the temporary alliance between the serpent and included statement Eve is the essay, same as he seeks with us, one where we displace You in ways favor of our flesh. May I remember when I am tested that the choices are always the same, I choose You or the Enemy – may I mature in my faith daily so that I increasingly choose You in all things. The consequences of disobedience were terrible then, and are now as well.
May I be mindful that when I wander from Your Lordship I also wander from Your protection and wisdom. Thesis Stress! Even though You had to be profoundly-troubled and righteously-offended Your grace triumphed and how to Your loving-care was displayed. May I rest in the certainty that I am loved, beyond my foolish sin, by the One true Lord God of Creation. Humankind made a terribly-wrong choice and You graciously blocked the path (to the Tree of Eternal Life) to protect them from unrecoverable harm. May I trust You so that when it becomes obvious that you have blocked a path or closed a door I will not rebel.
Purity, in thesis essay Your eyes, means peace with You. Intellectual Capital 2013! May I seek after the purity that You desire for me so that I may be at peace with Your and find my peace in You. According to thesis, the NET Greek/Hebrew dictionary the qualifying term “tricked” for intellectual thesis “The serpent” indicates an authoritative, perhaps king-like, relationship to essay, Eve in which she felt unequal. Given her life-experience, versus that of the Enemy, she may have felt at a disadvantage, but it does not excuse her failure to consult the Lord God first. God immediately addressed the prompts, serpent ? asking no questions, hearing no lies, speaking only truth ? declaring that the serpent had indeed deceived Eve, that Eve had joined him in thesis rebellion, and that she had then solicited Adam to join them in rebellion. God declared the curse upon the serpent: “Because you have done this, cursed are you above all the wild beasts and all the living creatures of the field!” So all of the wild beasts and living creatures of the field were now cursed, but even more so the serpent, who was estranged and isolated from them and condemned “on your belly you will crawl” humiliated to wallow in the dust rather than merely walk upon english, it. The animals lived in harmony with one another and man, but now cursed they (all of the animals, humankind, and the serpent alike ) would have to struggle, strive, suffer, and die. Adam’s mastery/ownership of the animals doomed them to his fate. The alliance of the serpent with Eve was more than terminated, it became adversarial, her descendants versus his ? “her offspring will attack your head, and you will attack her offspring’s heel.” Both are potentially fatal attacks; the bite to stress, the heel being toxic (sin), the blow to the head being destructive (righteous judgment). Despite their devastating rebellion the Lord God still allowed Adam and Eve to experience the awe of of supporting, “creation” through their bodies. The Lord God addressed the consequences of the choices made by the woman, declaring that reproduction would become an uncomfortable process; knowing that her children and her children’s-children would come into a fallen world and that the Fall was largely her fault.
She would also experience physical pain as a result of her pre-Fall imperfect choices, though her existential pain that would prove the most troubling. As the first human agent in essay promoting sin, Eve enticed Adam to join her in rebellion; consequently, as part of the curse, she would continue in pcat essay her efforts to control him, but the Lord God said that Adam would have the upper hand – a dominant role. Stress! The Lord defined the nature of the ways of supporting thesis, male-female relationship post-Fall as a constant ebb and flow of females using manipulation to thesis stress essay, gain control and males using power to an essay english, dominate. Humankind and fallen-angel/serpent - engaged in a rebellion over the unauthorized use of a particular fruit tree - Adam was cursed to sweat for his food, the ground would produce thorns where it previously produced only beautiful vegetation, and the serpent would crawl in the dust. The Lord God addressed the hapless Adam, reminding him that because he had chosen Eve over His Lord, when he joined her in rebellion, he became the thesis stress, agent of the curse of the “ground.” [Note: Gen.
1:9-10 defines “ground” as everything not covered with water, but that – per the NET translator’s notes - is not the intent here. Instead, this curse of the intellectual capital master 2013, “ground” means that every effort to reap the formerly easy bounty of food would henceforth require intense effort and sacrifice.] The Lord commanded that humankind would now suffer in the process of acquiring food to eat because it was in stress essay eating-rebelliously that humans caused the Fall. The first man and woman pridefully accepted the book reviews, temptation of Satan. They, like him, attempted to become peers with the Lord God in thesis stress immortality, knowledge, and power, yet they were instead doomed to included, live frustrated, limited, and thesis stress difficult lives. The NET translator’s notes include the following powerful observation: “In general, the themes of the how to write, curse oracles are important in the NT teaching that Jesus became the thesis stress, cursed one hanging on the tree. In his suffering and death, all of the how to chinse, motifs are drawn together: the tree, the sweat, the thorns, and the dust of death (see Ps. 22:15). Jesus experienced it all, to have victory over it through the resurrection.” Adam, post-Fall delegated by the Lord God to dominate the relationship, then named Eve.
Note: Previously we observed that Adam named the animals but not his God-given “helper”; rather, he gave the stress essay, title “woman” to her, illustrating her status as his equal partner in write chinse caring for Creation. The Fall changed everything and thesis the “woman” became “Eve.” The name Eve was drawn from her role as the “life-giver,” the one who bears children, and ways thesis the one from essay, whom all future children would descend. Despite His righteous anger the Lord God still provided for His children, giving them garments made of animal skins. By so doing God both recognized that the mere leafy coverings Adam and Eve had fashioned would not be adequate in the fallen world and that disharmony now reigned – man would draw his needs from the beasts - and the rest of included, Creation - at a cost to his fellow creatures in Creation. The essence of the consequences of Adam and Eve’s failure of ‘the test of the tree’ was that humankind had ‘illegally’ acquired an stress, unplanned and ways unhealthy (because they were not equipped to handle it) attribute of the Lord God - not originally given to them.
The knowledge of good and evil was a major new paradigm for which they were unprepared and which acquisition had required a major act of rebellion. Humankind now had to be protected from the worst of the consequences - eating from the tree of life – for stress essay that would have condemned them to be forever and irredeemably trapped in an alliance with Satan and at-enmity with the Lord. The Lord God removed humankind from Eden, before that could happen, as free will was still active after the Fall; therefore, a physical relocation was necessary. So serious was the top 10 book reviews, threat, so powerful the temptation (and perhaps now so undeserving of Eden was humankind), that the Lord God posted Heavenly sentries with whirling swords of thesis stress, flame to keep them and their descendants from ever returning to the Garden (and “the Tree of Eternal Life”) in intellectual their unredeemed condition. Only Jesus the Christ could create the circumstances where humankind could regain access to stress, the gift of eternal life – without the curse. Everything changed in thesis all of Creation as a result of the events recorded in Genesis Chapter 3. Not only were Adam and Eve and the serpent/Satan cursed, but all of Creation. Because the Lord God had already given Creation over to “man”, when man turned from the Lordship of God to the Lordship of Satan, so also went the way of Creation. We must not expect to be comfortable in this life; the Lord God said it would not be so. Modern research in DNA has suggested that all races of man may be traced back to a single female source, from the region known as northeast Africa — their regional locators match the geographical markers for Eden given in Genesis 2:10-14. Are the similarities of the Fall similar enough to the popular story of Robin Hood to be used as a lesson-illustration? (In the story when King Richard left for the Crusades his less-ethical brother John assumed power and was entrusted with the care of Nottingham and Sherwood Forest, and he turned a beautiful place to one of thesis stress, conflict and evil.) How might we best use every blessing of God to equip ourselves to resist the fleshy temptations to both contest with one another and to place fleshy things before the priorities of the Lord?
How would you use these texts to help people to understand that the nature of this fallen world is one of conflict, difficulty, and hopelessness and that genuine hope is found only in the Lord? How would you help others to understand that when man ‘stole’ an attribute of the Lord God – one expressly forbidden to them - it was then that the trouble (estrangement and intellectual master thesis 2013 striving) began? The consequences of Satan dragging man into the spiritual warfare between himself and the Lord God, when he successfully recruited Adam and Even into a state of rebellion, have been terrible. Are we not combatants in that battle whether we want to be or not? (Understand that Jesus took Satan’s final deadly attack for essay you so that He could set you free.) Are we appropriately amazed to see the connections across the entirety of the Word of God, from Genesis through Revelation, and how the thesis, themes and truths of God reign supreme? The Lord God so loved Adam and Eve, and their descendants, that He provided for their physical needs and their pathway to salvation from the consequences of their rebellion. We sometimes rebel the same as Adam and thesis essay Eve: 1) exercising pride that causes us to brush aside the counsel of the statement, Holy Spirit, 2) functionally-worshiping ‘idols’ such as fame, money, pleasure, power, or 3) neglecting those things that the Lord God says must be the priorities of our lives as Believers. What is your understanding of the teaching that we have the authority to “crush the head” of Satan (however he presents himself)? How may we exercise caution that Satan is not successful in his attack upon our “heel,” our very vulnerable areas in day-to-day life choices? When have you hear a teaching that explained the fact that man is treated in a fundamentally different way than the rest of Creation — all Creation is subservient to man as he navigates his way through life and back towards a right relationship with the Lord God?
What are some ways that you have found yourself, or those around you, striving for perfection to gain access to/recreate an “Eden” by stress pressing against “gates” that are guarded with flaming swords (knowing that the “new Eden” is accessible only via Jesus and only at the end of intellectual capital, created-time? Ask the Holy Spirit to reveal to you at least one circumstance in your life, past or present, which still impacts you – a circumstance over which I have little or no control — and to show me how I can give it to Him “at the foot of the Cross” and never allow Satan to use it to stress essay, define me again, a place where the temptations of the flesh are repeatedly used by Satan to drag you down from the holy lifestyle-place that the Lord God has prepared for 2013 you — be it gluttony, lust, pride, self-loathing, toys, or anything else that gets in the way, something specific about you that will remind you of the thesis essay, wonderful creative hand of God, and/or a specific way that you attempt to return to Eden via an effort to artificially re-create a place of perfection and/or of ways of supporting, extreme safety. Today I will stop and thesis stress essay thank Jesus for standing in the gap for of supporting me. I will also acknowledge that there are some things confusing and distracting me – some, perhaps, that I have done (or that were done to me), some imperfection(s), or some difficult person — the key is my knowing (and understanding) that such things are proof that this is stress essay, a fallen world. I will refuse to be abused by the Prince of Darkness and I will choose to of supporting thesis, stand with the Jesus, Prince of Light. I will confess and repent, request and accept the forgiveness of the Lord God, and then I will develop and implement an accountability plan to resist that temptation.
I will ask a fellow believer to pray in-agreement and to be my accountability partner. Be Specific _________________________________________________. All Bible text is from the NET unless otherwise indicated - http://bible.org. Note 1: These Studies often rely upon the guidance of the NET Translators from their associated notes. Careful attention has been given to cite that source where it has been quoted directly or closely paraphrased. Feedback is encouraged where credit has not been sufficiently assigned. Note 2: When NET text is quoted in commentary and discussion all pronouns referring to God are capitalized, though they are lower-case in the original NET text. Commentary text is from David M. Colburn, D.Min. unless otherwise noted.
Copyright © 2012 by David M. Colburn. This is thesis essay, a BibleSeven Study –“Genesis 3. Prepared by David M. Colburn and edited for bible.org in August of 2012. This text may be used for non-profit educational purposes only, with credit; all other usage requires prior written consent of the author. In my 30's the Lord led me through some changes and challenges, and despite my resistance, He broke through and intellectual capital master I finally came to faith in 1990. The Lord led me to essay, transfer from my then-current masters studies at the State university to how to write chinse, the seminary where I earned my masters in cou.